14. Green Book supplementary guidance: multi-criteria decision analysis https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/green-book-supplementary-guidance-multi-criteria-decision-analysis
15. Green Book, p 91 - 94.
16. Okun (1975) 'Equality and Efficiency: The Big Tradeoff'
22. Scottish Welfare Fund, How to Apply http://www.gov.scot/Topics/People/fairerscotland/scottishwelfarefund/howtoapplytothescottishwelfarefund
23. Around 87% of those aged 45-59 use the internet for work or personal use, compared to 96% of 25-44 year olds. This falls to 69% for those aged 60-74. The level of internet use also falls with an increase in deprivation. Internet engagement is 74% in the most deprived quintile compared to 90% in the least deprived quintile. Scottish Household Survey 2015 http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2016/09/7673/9 Around 52% of all DLA claimants are aged 50 to 74 and 56% of Carer Allowance recipients are aged 40 to 59. All Winter Fuel Payment recipients are over the female state pension age (currently 63). Recipients of disability benefits are also more likely to live in deprived areas.
24. Around 62% were satisfied with the NHS in 2015, Scottish Social Attitudes 2015: Attitudes to Government, the National Health Service, the Economy and Standard of Living http://natcen.ac.uk/media/1123186/ssa-15-attitudes-to-government-nhs-economy-and-standard-of-living.pdf
25. Public Attitudes to Poverty, Inequality and Welfare in Scotland and Britain http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0047/00473561.pdf
26. Benefit tapering refers to a method of gradually withdrawing a benefit as income rises. For example, a 10% taper means that benefit level is reduced by 10p per £1 earned above a certain income threshold.
30. There is some evidence that feelings of happiness, life satisfaction and the sense that one's activities are worthwhile all decrease with every successive minute of travel to work, Commuting and Personal Well-being, 2014, Office for National Statistics
32. The agreement between the Scottish Government and the United Kingdom Government on the Scottish Government's fiscal framework. Note that Figure 12 is a direct quote (some detail now outdated) https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/503481/fiscal_framework_agreement_25_feb_16_2.pdf
Email: Andy Park
Phone: 0300 244 4000 – Central Enquiry Unit
The Scottish Government
St Andrew's House