1 Geddes, R., Haw, S. and Frank, J. Interventions for Promoting Early Child Development for Health, MRC, SCPHRP, 2010
2 Shonkoff, P., Phillips, D.A (2000) From Neurons to neighbourhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development.
3 Steinberg, L. (2009), A Behavioural scientist looks at the science of adolescent brain development. Brain and Cognition, 72, 1, 160-164
4 Irwin, L., Siddiqi, A., Hertzman, C. (2007) Early Child Development: A Powerful Equalizer, Final Report for the World Health Organization's Commission on the Social Determinants of Health. World Health Organisation http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/documents/ecd_final_m30/en/index.html
5 Bradshaw, P. (2011) Growing Up in Scotland: Changes in child cognitive ability in the pre-school years, Edinburgh: Scottish Government; Bromley, C. (2009) Growing Up in Scotland: The impact of children's early activities on cognitive development, Edinburgh: Scottish Government
6 The latest OECD research highlights the importance of parental involvement in children's learning in the early years, in particular reading activities, and the positive impact this has on children's reading performance in PISA (at the age of 15).
7 Mastern, Anne S., Best, Karin, M. and Garmezy, Norman, 1990, Resilience and development: Contributions from the study of children who overcome adversity, Development and psychopathology, 1990, Vol 2, PT 4, p425-444
8 World Health Organization (2007) Early child development: a powerful equalizer
9 Scotland Performs, National Performance Framework, outcomes 5, 7, 8 and 11
10 A guide to 'Getting it Right for Every Child', Scottish Government, June 2012
11 Growing up in Scotland ( GUS) 2012
12 Households Below Average Income, An analysis of the income distribution 1994–1995, 2009–2010, Table 4.14ts. Department for Work and Pensions, 2011
13 Mooney, A., Oliver, C. and Smith, M. (2009) Impact of Family Breakdown on Children's Wellbeing. Thomas Coram Research Unit.
14 The Good Childhood Report 2012. The Children's Society
15 Parkes, A. and Wight D. (2011) Growing Up in Scotland: Parenting and children's health, Edinburgh: Scottish Government
16 The Importance of Play in Promoting Healthy Child Development and Maintaining Strong Parent-Child Bond: Focus on Children in Poverty, http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/119/1/182.full.pdf+html
17 Refreshed Maternity Care Framework (2011) Edinburgh: Scottish Government
18 A New Look at Hall 4 – the Early Years – Good Health for Every Child (2011) Edinburgh: Scottish Government
19 Mabelis, J. and Marryat, L. (2011) Growing Up in Scotland: Parental service use and informal networks in the early years, Edinburgh: Scottish Government
20 Parkes, A., Sweeting, H. and Wight, D. (2012) Growing Up in Scotland: Overweight, obesity and activity, Edinburgh: Scottish Government
21 Mabelis, J. and Marryat, L. (2011) Growing Up in Scotland: Parental service use and informal networks in the early years, Edinburgh: Scottish Government
22 Hutchings, J., Bywater, T., Daley, D., Gardner, F., Whitaker, C., Jones, K., Eames, C., & Edwards, R.T. (2007). Parenting Intervention in Sure Start Services for Children at Risk of Developing Conduct Disorder: Pragmatic Randomised Controlled Trial. British Medical Journal
23 Edwards, R.T., Ó Céilleachair, A., Bywater, T., Hughes, D.A., & Hutchings, J. (2007). Parenting Programme for Parents of Children at Risk of Developing Conduct Disorder: Cost-Effective Analysis. British Medical Journal
25 Bradshaw, P. and Wasoff, F. (2009) Growing Up in Scotland: Multiple childcare provision and its effect on child outcomes, Edinburgh: Scottish Government.
26 Chanfreau, J., Barnes, M., Tomaszewski, W., Philo, D., Hall, J. and Tipping, S. (2011) Growing Up in Scotland: Change in early childhood and the impact of significant events, Edinburgh: Scottish Government; Barnes, M.
27 Chanfreau, J. and Tomaszewski, W. (2010) Growing up in Scotland: The Circumstances of Persistently Poor Children, Edinburgh: Scottish Government
28 Labour Force Survey (2012) London: Office for National Statistics
29 Steinberg, L. (2010). Adolescence (9th ed.). McGraw-Hill
30 Jackson, C., Henderson, M., Frank, J. W., Haw, S. J. (2012). An overview of prevention of multiple risk behaviour in adolescence and young adulthood, Journal of Public Health, 34, s1, 31-40
31 Zimmer-Gembeck, M.J., & Collins, W.A. (2003). Autonomy development during adolescence. In G.R. Adams & M. Berzonsky (Eds). Blackwell Handbook of Adolescence (pp. 175-2004), Blackwell Publishers
32 Nuffield Foundation, 2009
33 NHS Information Services Division (2012) Teenage pregnancy
34 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2011/01/13095621/0 Reducing Antenatal Health Inequalities, Scottish Government, January 2011
35 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2012/06/1551/7 The Evaluation of the Family Nurse Partnership Programme in NHS Lothian, Scotland, Late Pregnancy and Postpartum, Scottish Government June 2012
36 NHS Fife, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde, NHS Ayrshire and Arran, NHS Lanarkshire and Highland