National parenting strategy: making a positive difference to children and young people through parenting

Our national parenting strategy seeks to strengthen the support on offer to parents and make it easier for them to access this support.


1 Geddes, R., Haw, S. and Frank, J. Interventions for Promoting Early Child Development for Health, MRC, SCPHRP, 2010

2 Shonkoff, P., Phillips, D.A (2000) From Neurons to neighbourhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development.

3 Steinberg, L. (2009), A Behavioural scientist looks at the science of adolescent brain development. Brain and Cognition, 72, 1, 160-164

4 Irwin, L., Siddiqi, A., Hertzman, C. (2007) Early Child Development: A Powerful Equalizer, Final Report for the World Health Organization's Commission on the Social Determinants of Health. World Health Organisation

5 Bradshaw, P. (2011) Growing Up in Scotland: Changes in child cognitive ability in the pre-school years, Edinburgh: Scottish Government; Bromley, C. (2009) Growing Up in Scotland: The impact of children's early activities on cognitive development, Edinburgh: Scottish Government

6 The latest OECD research highlights the importance of parental involvement in children's learning in the early years, in particular reading activities, and the positive impact this has on children's reading performance in PISA (at the age of 15).

7 Mastern, Anne S., Best, Karin, M. and Garmezy, Norman, 1990, Resilience and development: Contributions from the study of children who overcome adversity, Development and psychopathology, 1990, Vol 2, PT 4, p425-444

8 World Health Organization (2007) Early child development: a powerful equalizer

9 Scotland Performs, National Performance Framework, outcomes 5, 7, 8 and 11

10 A guide to 'Getting it Right for Every Child', Scottish Government, June 2012

11 Growing up in Scotland ( GUS) 2012

12 Households Below Average Income, An analysis of the income distribution 1994–1995, 2009–2010, Table 4.14ts. Department for Work and Pensions, 2011

13 Mooney, A., Oliver, C. and Smith, M. (2009) Impact of Family Breakdown on Children's Wellbeing. Thomas Coram Research Unit.

14 The Good Childhood Report 2012. The Children's Society

15 Parkes, A. and Wight D. (2011) Growing Up in Scotland: Parenting and children's health, Edinburgh: Scottish Government

16 The Importance of Play in Promoting Healthy Child Development and Maintaining Strong Parent-Child Bond: Focus on Children in Poverty,

17 Refreshed Maternity Care Framework (2011) Edinburgh: Scottish Government

18 A New Look at Hall 4 – the Early Years – Good Health for Every Child (2011) Edinburgh: Scottish Government

19 Mabelis, J. and Marryat, L. (2011) Growing Up in Scotland: Parental service use and informal networks in the early years, Edinburgh: Scottish Government

20 Parkes, A., Sweeting, H. and Wight, D. (2012) Growing Up in Scotland: Overweight, obesity and activity, Edinburgh: Scottish Government

21 Mabelis, J. and Marryat, L. (2011) Growing Up in Scotland: Parental service use and informal networks in the early years, Edinburgh: Scottish Government

22 Hutchings, J., Bywater, T., Daley, D., Gardner, F., Whitaker, C., Jones, K., Eames, C., & Edwards, R.T. (2007). Parenting Intervention in Sure Start Services for Children at Risk of Developing Conduct Disorder: Pragmatic Randomised Controlled Trial. British Medical Journal

23 Edwards, R.T., Ó Céilleachair, A., Bywater, T., Hughes, D.A., & Hutchings, J. (2007). Parenting Programme for Parents of Children at Risk of Developing Conduct Disorder: Cost-Effective Analysis. British Medical Journal


25 Bradshaw, P. and Wasoff, F. (2009) Growing Up in Scotland: Multiple childcare provision and its effect on child outcomes, Edinburgh: Scottish Government.

26 Chanfreau, J., Barnes, M., Tomaszewski, W., Philo, D., Hall, J. and Tipping, S. (2011) Growing Up in Scotland: Change in early childhood and the impact of significant events, Edinburgh: Scottish Government; Barnes, M.

27 Chanfreau, J. and Tomaszewski, W. (2010) Growing up in Scotland: The Circumstances of Persistently Poor Children, Edinburgh: Scottish Government

28 Labour Force Survey (2012) London: Office for National Statistics

29 Steinberg, L. (2010). Adolescence (9th ed.). McGraw-Hill

30 Jackson, C., Henderson, M., Frank, J. W., Haw, S. J. (2012). An overview of prevention of multiple risk behaviour in adolescence and young adulthood, Journal of Public Health, 34, s1, 31-40

31 Zimmer-Gembeck, M.J., & Collins, W.A. (2003). Autonomy development during adolescence. In G.R. Adams & M. Berzonsky (Eds). Blackwell Handbook of Adolescence (pp. 175-2004), Blackwell Publishers

32 Nuffield Foundation, 2009

33 NHS Information Services Division (2012) Teenage pregnancy

34 Reducing Antenatal Health Inequalities, Scottish Government, January 2011

35 The Evaluation of the Family Nurse Partnership Programme in NHS Lothian, Scotland, Late Pregnancy and Postpartum, Scottish Government June 2012

36 NHS Fife, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde, NHS Ayrshire and Arran, NHS Lanarkshire and Highland


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