Coronavirus (COVID-19): mental health needs of hospitalised patients - report

Dr Nadine Cossette, liaison psychiatrist, Royal Infirmary Edinburgh, was commissioned to examine mental health needs of patients hospitalised due to COVID-19. Her report contains analysis of need and recommendations for action to support recovery.



Guidance on screening and active monitoring for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other mental health consequences in people recovering from severe COVID-19 illness, COVID Trauma Response Working Group Rapid Guidance, 25 June 2020.

Meeting the psychological needs of people recovering from severe coronavirus (COVID-19) Guidance, The British Psychological Society, 16.04.20.

NICE clinical guideline 83: Rehabilitation after Critical Illness, 2009

NICE Quality Standard 158: Rehabilitation after critical illness in adults, 2017

NICE clinical guideline 116: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, 2018

Recovery and Rehabilitation for Patients Following the Pandemic, Faculty of Intensive Care Medicine Position Statement and Provisional Guidance, May 2020.

Academic articles

Arnold DT, Hamilton FW, Milne A, et al (2020) Patient outcomes after hospitalisation with COVID-19 and implications for follow-up; results from a prospective UK cohort. medRxiv 2020.08.12.20173526; doi:

Gennaro Mazza M, De Lorenzo R, Conte C, et al (2020) Anxiety and depression in COVID-19 survivors: role of inflammatory and clinical predictors. Brain, Behaviour, and Immunity,

Hatch R, Young D, Barber V, et al. (2018) Anxiety, depression and post traumatic stress disorder after critical illness: a UK-wide prospective cohort study. Critical Care 22:310

Helms J, Kremer S, Merdji H, et al (2020) Delirium and encephalopathy in severe COVID-19: a cohort analysis of ICU patients. Critical care 24:491

Mak I, Chu C, Pan P, et al (2009) Long-term psychiatric morbidities among SARS survivors. General Hospital Psychiatry 31,318-326

Marra A, Pandharipande P, and M Patel (2017) ICU Delirium and ICU-related PTSD. Surg Clin North Am 97(6):1215-1235

Varatharaj A, Thomas N, Ellul M, et al (2020) Neurological and neuropsychiatric complications of COVID-19 in 153 patients: a UK-wide surveillance study. The Lancet Psychiatry S2215-0366(20)30287-X



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