Volunteering for All: national framework - literature review

This report outlines a systematic review of the research literature on volunteering.


1  Social capital is defined by the OECD as “networks together with shared norms, values and understandings that facilitate co-operation within or among groups”. This covers bonding (links to close people such as family), bridges (links that stretch beyond a shared identity such as friends) and linkages (to groups further away) 

2  See Table A3.4 in Appendix 3

3  Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer / Questioning.

4 Pierre Bourdieu is a French sociologist whose work focuses on the power relations between cultural, social, economic and political capital. His notions of class and cultural reproduction have shaped how sociologist understand power dynamics in society.  The concept of habitus in particular is a well-used idea that brings together how people see, imitate and behave in ways that are unconscious, a habit, as something that is normal and ingrained.



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