Publication - Research and analysis

Volunteering for All: national framework - literature review

Published: 25 Apr 2019
Directorate:
Local Government and Communities Directorate
Part of:
Research
ISBN:
9781787816558

This report outlines a systematic review of the research literature on volunteering.

71 page PDF

1.4 MB

71 page PDF

1.4 MB

Contents
Volunteering for All: national framework - literature review
Appendix Three: Record of searches and downloads to EndNote

71 page PDF

1.4 MB

Appendix Three: Record of searches and downloads to EndNote

Volunteering Outcomes Framework literature review: priority scoring system 

We used a scoring system to prioritise for full text review those 735 items which were considered high likely to be relevant to the current literature review after all search results had been subjected to individual examination for relevance by reviewers in a two-stage filtering process: first by title alone and then by title and abstract.

The scoring system incorporates five priority themes identified from content analysis of the Scottish Government’s specification for the literature review and a mechanism for prioritising research carried out in or using data from the UK, which we anticipate to be the most generalisable to the Scottish volunteering context.

The scoring system is set out in Table A3-1. Publications were awarded points for meeting either criteria 1.a) or 1.b) and for appearing to meet each of the other criteria on the basis of the publication title and abstract. The range of possible scores was thus 0-7.

Table A3-1. Scoring system for prioritisation of publications for full text acquisition and examination

Criterion Points awarded
1.a) The publication relates to research on volunteering in a Scottish context or carries out analysis of data gathered from Scottish participants, OR 2
1.b) The publication relates to research on volunteering in a UK-wide or English / Welsh / Northern Irish context or carries out analysis of data gathered from English / Welsh / Northern Irish participants 1
2. The publication appears to discuss or relate to outcomes that highlight benefits of volunteering at a national, community and / or organisational level (i.e. beyond only individual benefits e.g. skills development) 1
3. The publication appears to discuss or relate to or give insight to issues of diversity / equality / inequality / inclusion 1
4. The publication discusses or gives insight to ‘Informal volunteering’ / helping out (for example, unpaid help given as an individual directly to people who are not relatives such as helping a friend or a neighbour helping with shopping or gardening etc.) 1
5. The publication appears to discuss or relate to individual or organisational barriers to volunteering 1
6. The publication appears to discuss or relate to individual or organisational motivations to start or to stay volunteering 1

The 735 items were divided between four reviewers for scoring, with results collated. The results of the scoring exercise using this system are summarised in Table A3-2. The maximum score was 4 (12 papers), and the minimum score was 0 (57 papers). 

Table A3-2. Summary of scores for publications assessed as relevant after examination of title and abstract (n=735)

Score Number of publications As a proportion of all publications scored for priority
4 points 12 1.6%
3 points 64 8.7%
2 points 242 32.9%
1 point 360 49.0%
0 points 57 7.6%

Table A3-3 provides a breakdown of the overall numbers of papers which were awarded a point in each category. Four papers related specifically to volunteering in Scotland or used data collected in Scotland, and a further 50 papers related to volunteering in other UK contexts or analysed data collected from within the UK

Table A3-3. Summary by scoring criterion for publications assessed as relevant after examination of title and abstract (n=735 publications)

Criterion

Number* of publications

As a proportion of all publications scored for priority*

Scottish context or Scottish data

4

0.5%

UK or UK-constituent country context or data

50

6.8%

Meso- or macro-level benefits of volunteering

178

24.2%

Inequality or inclusion

141

19.2%

Informal volunteering / helping out

28

3.8%

Barriers to volunteering

134

18.2%

Motivations for volunteering

545

74.1%

*Publications could score in multiple thematic categories

Prioritisation for fulltext consideration

Table A3-4 Details of batch-deletions

Action Identified and cut Comment
Remove identical duplicates 6797 Note that many duplicates remain – marginal differences in how authors are recorded, replacement of special characters, etc.
Remove if word in title: pharmacokinetic 453  
Remove if word in title: pharmacokinetics 813  
Remove if term in title: ‘healthy male volunteers’ 298  
Remove if term in title: ‘healthy young’  68  
Remove if term in title: ‘healthy adult’ 201  
Remove if term in title: ‘healthy volunteers’ 1043  
Remove if word in title: ‘gene’ 71  
Remove patents 501  
Remove Audiovisual materials 16  
Remove Book and Book Section 1480 Saved to separate Library
Remove Conference proceedings 136  
Remove Magazine articles 301 Saved to separate Library
Remove Newspaper articles 461 To Magazine Library
Remove Thesis 1401  
Remove if author ‘Anonymous’ 369 To Magazine Library
Remove if item with no listed author 1264 To Magazine Library
Remove if term in title: ‘volunteer subjects’  23  
Remove Web pages 47  
Remove if Journal: ‘Figshare’ 224 Generally repository for supplementary information
Remove if word in title: bioequivalence 129  
Remove if word in title: biological 18  
Remove if term in title: ‘carbon dioxide’ 80 Measures collected by Volunteer Observing Ship
Remove if word in title: bioavailability 89  
Remove if term in title: ‘normal volunteers’ 195  
Remove Journal: Gene Expression Omnibus 511  
Remove if word in title: Allele 67  
Remove if word in title: Pharmacodynamic 14  
Remove Shapefile 148 TIGER/Line Shapefiles are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census MAF/TIGER database.
Remove if author given in Korean characters  428 Sample of papers all in Korean full text

Contact

Email: socialresearch@gov.scot