Publication - Research and analysis

Impact assessment in governments: literature review

This report reviews literature regarding five types of policy level impact assessments (environment, equity, health, regulatory, rural) in five countries (Ireland, Netherlands, New Zealand, Sweden & Wales). It was commissioned by the Scottish Government to inform their approach to impact assessment.

55 page PDF

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55 page PDF

737.1 kB

Contents
Impact assessment in governments: literature review
Appendix A. Policy-level impact assessment legislation and guidance

55 page PDF

737.1 kB

Appendix A. Policy-level impact assessment legislation and guidance

Ireland
Legislation Guidance
Environment Integrated in RIA No guidance for policies, only for plans and programmes
Equality Requirement for memoranda and orders to include 'poverty proofing' where there is no RIA (Cabinet Handbook 2006) Poverty impact assessment guidelines (2008)
Health Integrated with EIA/SEA, not separate requirement Institute of Public Health in Ireland (2009) Health impact assessment guidance
Regulatory Cabinet Handbook (2006) requires RIA for legislation Department of the Taoiseach (2009) Revised RIA guidelines: How to conduct a Regulatory Impact Analysis
Rural/islands Cabinet Handbook (2006) requires 'rural proofing' as part of RIA None
Netherlands
Legislation Guidance
Environment Integraal Afwegingskader (IAK) 2011 See 'regulatory' for policies
Equality Gender & LGBTI equality policy plan 2018-2021 does not require assessment, limited to gender mainstreaming
Health No obvious requirements No obvious guidance
Regulatory Integraal Afwegingskader (IAK) 2011 Integraal afwegngskader voor beleid en regelgeving Government of the Netherlands (2018) The integrated impact assessment framework for policy and legislation
Rural/islands No requirement
New Zealand
Legislation Guidance
Environment Resource Management Act 1991 indirectly promotes SEA
Equality Distributional (population) analysis required for every Cabinet proposal Ministry of Health (2008) The health equity assessment tool: A user's guide (voluntary)
Health No legal requirement Public Health Advisory Committee (2005) A guide to health impact assessment Ministry of Health (2020) Resources for health impact assessment
Regulatory Impact analysis requirements 2020 Government Expectations for Good Regulatory Practice 2017
Rural/islands Part of population impacts assessment Formal 'refresh' of the Rural proofing guide 2018
Climate Climate implications of policy assessment 2020 Climate change effects and impacts assessment: A guidance manual for local government in New Zealand
Sweden
Legislation Guidance
Environment No legislation for policies, only for plans and programmes No guidance for policies, only for plans and programmes
Equality Discrimination Act 2008 does not require assessment, limited to gender mainstreaming
Health Health is a component of the national strategy for sustainable development. Sweden National Institute of Public Health (2005) A guide to health impact assessment
Regulatory Ordinance on Regulatory Impact Assessment 2007 Review of RIAs by Swedish Better Regulation Council
Rural/islands No obvious legal requirement No obvious guidance
Wales
Legislation Guidance
Environment No legal requirement for policies, only for plans and programmes. Climate change impacts of policies generally required No guidance for policies, only for plans and programmes
Equality Equality Act 2010 (Statutory Duties) (Wales) Regulations 2011 (SI 2011/1064) Equality and Human Rights Commission (2014) Guidance on the public sector equality duties in Wales.
Health Public Health (Wales) Act 2017 WHAISU (2019) training and capacity building framework for health impact assessment
Regulatory Welsh Ministers' regulatory impact assessment code for subordinate legislation 2009
Rural/islands No obvious legal requirement Rural proofing checklists (example of Planning Wales Bill)
Other Well-being of Future Generations Act 2015 (separate assessments carried out by Public Services Boards) Welsh Language impact assessment often carried out in response to Welsh Language Standards Well-being of Future Generations Act 2015: guidance

Contact

Email: Graeme.Wilson@gov.scot