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Impact assessment in governments: literature review

This report reviews literature regarding five types of policy level impact assessments (environment, equity, health, regulatory, rural) in five countries (Ireland, Netherlands, New Zealand, Sweden & Wales). It was commissioned by the Scottish Government to inform their approach to impact assessment.

55 page PDF

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55 page PDF

737.1 kB

Contents
Impact assessment in governments: literature review
References

55 page PDF

737.1 kB

References

These references do not include legislation or guidance. Please refer to Appendix A and the main text for links to these.

Adelle, C. and S. Weiland (2012) Policy assessment: the state of the art. Impact Assessment and Policy Appraisal 30(1), 25-33.

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Auditor General for Wales (2018) Reflecting on year one: How have public bodies responded to the Well-being of Future Generations (Wales) Act 2015? https://www.audit.wales/sites/default/files/reflecting-on-year-one-2018-english_6.pdf.

Balfors, B. et al. (2018) Strategic environmental assessment in Swedish municipal planning: Trends and challenges. Environmental Impact Assessment Review 73, 152-163.

Bekker, M.P.M. (2007) The politics of healthy policies: redesigning health impact assessment to integrate health in public policy. PhD thesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam. https://repub.eur.nl/pub/10491/070912_Bekker,%20Marleen%20Petra%20Maria.pdf.

Berensson, K. and P. Tillgren (2017) Health impact assessment (HIA) of political proposals at the local level: successful introduction, but what has happened 15 years later? Global Health Promotion 24(2) 43-51.

Bhatia, R. and A. Wernham (2008) Integrating human health into environmental impact assessment: An unrealized opportunity for environmental health and justice. Environmental Health Perspectives 116, 991-2000.

Bondemark, A. et al. (2020) Do impact assessments influence transport plans? The case of Sweden. Transportation Research Part A 134, 52-64.

Bonet, E. (2008) How to measure progress in combating discrimination and promoting equality? Final draft of country report on Sweden. BPI. http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=2646&langId=en.

Bonifazi, A., et al. (2011) Strategic environmental assessment and the democratization of spatial planning. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management 13(1), 9-37.

CCRU (Central Community Relations Unit, Northern Ireland) (1999) Equality and equity report, https://cain.ulster.ac.uk/ccru/equality/docs/paft96.htm#back.

Collantes, V. et al. (2018) Moving towards a twin-agenda: Gender equality and land degradation neutrality, Environmental Science and Policy 89, 247-253.

Comer, J.C. and P.D, Skraastad-Jurney (2008) Assessing the locational equity of community parks through the application of Geographic Information Systems, Journal of Park and Recreation Administration 26(1), 122-146.

Conley, H. and M. Page (2010) The gender equality duty in local government: The prospect for integration. Industrial Law Journal 39(3), 321-325.

Dauvin, J-C. (2005) Expertise in coastal zone environmental impact assessment, Marine Pollution Bulletin 50, 107-110.

Davenport, C. et al. (2006) Use of health impact assessment in incorporating health considerations in decision making. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 60, 196-201.

Den Broeder, L. et al. (2003) Soft data, hard effects. Strategies for effective policy on health impact assessment – an example from the Netherlands. Bulletin of the World Health Organisation 81(6), 404-407.

Dunlop, C.A. and C.M. Radaelli (2015) Impact assessment in the European Union: Lessons from a research project. European Journal of Risk Regulation, March.

Dunlop, C.A. et al. (2012) The many uses of regulatory impact assessment: A meta-analysis of EU and UK cases. Regulation & Governance 6, 23-45.

EC (European Commission) (2019) Study to support the REFIT evaluation of Directive 2001/42/EC on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment (SEA Directive), https://ec.europa.eu/environment/eia/pdf/REFIT%20Study.pdf.

Eckhardt, J. et al. (2018) MaaS in rural areas – case Finland. Research in Transportation Business & Management 27, 75-83.

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EOHSP (European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies) (2007) The effectiveness of health impact assessment: Scope and limitations of supporting decision-making in Europe. https://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/98283/E90794.pdf

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) (Ireland) (2015) Report: Investigation into the assessment of health impacts within national environmental regulation processes. https://www.epa.ie/pubs/reports/research/health/2015_%20Report%20on%20Investigation%20into%20Assessments%20Health%20Impacts.pdf

EPA (Ireland) (2020) Second review of strategic environmental assessment effectiveness in Ireland. Report No. 306. http://www.epa.ie/pubs/reports/research/tech/Research_Report_306.pdf

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) (US) (1994) Executive Order 12898. Federal actions to address environmental justice in minority populations and low-income populations. https://www.epa.gov/laws-regulations/summary-executive-order-12898-federal-actions-address-environmental-justice

EPA (US) (2016) Promising practices for EJ methodologies in NEPA reviews. https://www.epa.gov/environmentaljustice/ej-iwg-promising-practices-ej-methodologies-nepa-reviews

Equality Coalition (2013) A fresh start for equality? The equality impacts of the Stormont House Agreement on the 'two main communities', http://www.equalitycoalition.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/A-FRESH-START-FOR-EQUALITY-FINAL-2.pdf

Erlandsson, M. (2008) Better regulation through impact assessment, ENBR Working Paper 18/2008, http://regulatoryreform.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Sweden-BETTER-REGULATION-THROUGH-IMPACT-ASSESSMENTS-2008.pdf

European Commission (2019) The EU environmental implementation review 2019 country report – The Netherlands. Brussels. https://ec.europa.eu/environment/eir/pdf/factsheet_nl_en.pdf

Fehr, R. et al. (eds.) (2014) Health in impact assessment: Opportunities not to be missed. https://academic.oup.com/eurpub/article/24/suppl_2/cku166-136/2839909.

Ferris, T. (2016) Regulatory Impact Analysis. The Public Professional 1, pp. 56-61 https://www.pai.ie/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/The-Public-Professional-PDF-download.pdf

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Gonzalez, A. et al. (2019) Towards a better understanding of SEA effectiveness in Ireland. Impact Assessment and Policy Appraisal 37(3-4), 233-246.

Gonzalez, A. and R. Therivel (2020) Learning support mechanisms in SEA: a review of the potential to optimize outcomes, Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, DOI:10.1080/14615517.2020.1830678.

Götzmann, N. et al. (2016) Social and human rights impact assessments: what can they learn from each other? Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 34(1), 14-23.

Gray, S. et al. (2011) The effectiveness of health appraisal processes currently in addressing health and wellbeing during spatial plan appraisal: a systematic review. BMC Public Health 11: 889.

Green, L. et al. (2020) Using health impact assessments to implement the sustainable development goals in practice: a case study in Wales. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 38(3), 214-224.

Haigh, F. et al. (2013) The effectiveness of health impact assessment in influencing decision-making in Australia and New Zealand 2005-2009, BMC Public Health 13.

Harris et al. (2013) The effectiveness of health impact assessment in New Zealand and Australia 2005-2009, https://hiaconnect.edu.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/ARC_report_2013.pdf

Harris-Roxas, B. et al. (2012) Health impact assessment: the state of the art. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 30(1), 43-52.

Helbig, N. et al. (2015) Stakeholder engagement in policy development: Observations and lessons from international experience. Ch. 9 in Janssen, M. et al., eds., Policy Practice and Digital Science: Integrating Complex Systems, Social Simulation and Public Administration in Policy Research, Springer, pp. 177-204.

Hertin, J. et al. (2009) Rationalising the policy mess? The role of ex ante policy assessment and the utilization of knowledge in the policy process. Environment and Planning A 41(5), 1185-1200.

Hess, D.J. and L.A. Satcher (2019) Conditions for successful environmental justice mobilizations: an analysis of 50 cases. Environmental Politics 28(4), 663-684.

Hilding-Rydevik, T. and A. Akerskog (2011) A clear case of 'doublespeak': the Swedish governmental SEA implementation discourse. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 54(4), 495-515.

Houghton, C. (2015) Underachievement of Māori and Pasifika learners and culturally responsive assessment. Journal of Initial Teacher Inquiry 1, 10-12.

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Iglesias-Merchan, C. and Dominguez-Ares, E. (2020) Challenges to integrate health impact assessment into environmental assessment procedures: the pending debate. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 38(4), 299-307.

Jacob, K. et al. (2011) Integrating the environment in regulatory impact assessments. https://www.oecd.org/gov/regulatory-policy/Integrating%20RIA%20in%20Decision%20Making.pdf

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Kearns, N. and L. Pursell (2011) Time for a paradigm change? Tracing the institutionalisation of health impact assessments in the Republic of Ireland across health and environmental sectors. Health Policy 99, 91-96.

Knutsson, I. and A. Linell (2010) Health impact assessment developments in Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 38, 115-120.

Konisky, D.B. and C. Reenock (2018) Regulatory enforcement, riskscapes, and environmental justice. Policy Studies Journal 46(1), 7-46.

Kumar, P. et al. (2013) Linking ecosystem services to strategic environmental assessment in development policies. Environmental Impact Assessment Review 40, 75-81.

Kupiec, T. (2015) Regulatory impact analysis practice in New Zealand in the light of models of evaluation use – Inspiration for the Polish government. Management and Business Administration: Central Europe 23(2), 109-128.

Lombardo, E. et al. (2017) Policymaking from a gender+ equality perspective. Journal of Women, Politics & Policy 38(1), 1-19.

Maantay, J. (2002) Mapping environmental injustices: Pitfalls and potential of Geographic Information Systems in assessing environmental health and equity. Environmental Health Perspectives 110 (suppl 2), 161-171.

Mahoney, M. and R.K. Morgan (2001) Health impact assessment in Australian and New Zealand: an exploration of methodological concerns. IUHPE – Promotion & Education VIII(1), 8-11.

Martens, K. (2017) Transport justice: Designing fair transportation systems. New York: Routledge. https://www.routledge.com/Transport-Justice-Designing-fair-transportation-systems/Martens/p/book/9780415638326

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McEachrane, M. (2018) Universal human rights and the coloniality of race in Sweden. Human Rights Review 19, 471-493.

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Mindell, J. et al. (2010) Institutionalizing health impact assessment in London as a public health tool for increasing synergy between policies in other areas. Public Health 124, 107-114.

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Contact

Email: Graeme.Wilson@gov.scot