Justice Analytical Services (JAS) Safer Communities and Justice Statistics Monthly Data Report: November 2022 edition

This report contains summary statistics covering a number of important justice and safer communities statistics. It is published with up-to-date statistics every month.

This document is part of a collection

How crime flows through the Justice System

The justice process, from an incident being reported through to a case being conducted in court.

Incident Reported

1. Crime classified & suspect charged

Incident is reviewed by Police to determine if it is a crime. If a crime, Police charge suspect (where possible) and issue:

  • a Fixed Penalty Notice or Recorded Police Warning
  • a Report to COPFS or
  • decide on no further action

2. Police report the case to COPFS

The accused will be:

  • Kept in custody - Case called the next court day
  • Released on an undertaking - Accused told when to appear and may have bail conditions
  • At liberty - If prosecuted, the accused will receive a citation stating the charge and when to appear

3. Report marked by COPFS

Prosecutor decides if accused is prosecuted:

  • No action - e.g. not enough evidence
  • Direct measure - An alternative to prosecution, e.g. Fiscal Fine or warning letter
  • Summary prosecution - JP or Sheriff Court (no jury)
  • Solemn prosecution - Sheriff or High Court (with jury)

4. Case heard & court outcomes

If the accused is found guilty in court, or tendered a guilty plea, they can be given:

  • Custodial Sentence
  • Community Sentence
  • Monetary Penalty
  • Admonished/Dismissed
  • Other disposal


Email: Justice_Analysts@gov.scot

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