Independence: what you need to know

Information about Scotland's future.

Energy and climate change

The Scottish Government’s policies for an independent Scotland at a glance

  • using powers over energy market design to introduce reforms
  • investing in renewables, zero emissions and energy efficiency measures
  • using money raised through oil and gas for long-term benefits

Energy prices and the energy market

Rising energy costs, being driven by the price of gas, have reinforced the need to move to lower-priced, renewable energy.

Under this government’s proposals, an independent Scotland would use powers over energy market design to provide support for flexible, green energy generation. By creating more renewable energy in Scotland, there would be less reliance on high-cost gas and security of supply would be increased.

This government would seek to implement reforms to the electricity market to provide a greener, more efficient way of heating homes. The reforms would include making it more affordable to switch from gas boilers to heat pumps, creating an opportunity to lower heating costs for homes in Scotland.

The proposed Building a New Scotland Fund would invest in programmes to improve the energy efficiency of homes and buildings, protecting the poorest and most vulnerable from rising energy costs.

You can find out more about the fund and these proposals in the economy paper.

Just transition and net zero energy

Work to deliver a just transition is already underway in Scotland.  A ‘just transition’ means making sure Scotland’s journey to reducing its emissions is fair and creates a better future for everyone, no matter where they live, what they do, and who they are. Under this government’s proposals, including a new Building a New Scotland Fund, the economy paper proposes further support for the transition to net zero.

The scope of the fund would include:

  • improving the energy efficiency of homes and buildings and investing in programmes to replace gas boilers with zero emission heating systems
  • investing in energy generation and storage (including hydrogen, which is a low carbon source of energy) to ensure security of supplies and reduce reliance on electricity imports
  • setting up a Zero Emissions Transport Transition Fund to support businesses to move to zero emissions vehicles

This government would maximise home-grown, renewable power generation, which can reduce exposure to volatile global gas prices. 

It would look to support new and evolving technologies and consider public sector involvement in energy projects.

Read more about energy and climate change policies in the economy paper.

Just transition and oil and gas

The oil and gas sector continues to be an important part of the Scottish economy and can play a positive role in Scotland’s energy transition. 

The Scottish Government is committed to a just transition that supports those currently employed in oil and gas to capitalise on the employment opportunities of net zero energy.

The Building a New Scotland Fund would reinvest money raised through oil and gas, alongside any other unexpected ‘windfall’ incomes, into infrastructure projects to support the Scottish economy.

More information will be added to these pages as the Building a New Scotland papers are published.

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