Growing up in Scotland: children's social, emotional and behavioural characteristics at entry to primary school

This report investigates the extent and nature of social, emotional and behavioural difficulties among Scottish school children around the age they enter primary one, and shows which children are most likely to have these difficulties.


Barkley, R.A., Fischer, M., Edelbrock, C.S. and Smallish, L. (1990) "The adolescent outcome of hyperactive children diagnosed by research criteria, I: An 8-year prospective follow-up study", Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 29, pp546-557

Campbell, S.B. (1994) "Hard to manage preschool boys: Externalising behaviour, social competence, and family context at two-year follow-up", Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 22, pp147-166

Campbell, S.B., Shaw, D.S., and Gilliom, M. (2000) "Early externalising behavior problems: Toddlers and preschoolers at risk for later maladjustment", Development and Psychopathology, 12, pp467-488

Curriculum Review Group, (2004) A Curriculum for Excellence, Edinburgh: Scottish Executive

Dunlop, A-W., Lee, P., Fee, J., Hughes, A., Grieve, A. and Marwick, H. (2008) Perceptions of staff, service providers, and parents in managing and promoting positive behaviour in early years and early primary settings, Edinburgh: Scottish Government

Goodman, R. (1997) "The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: a research note", Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38, pp581-586

Goodman, R., Ford, T., Simmons, H., Gatward, R. and Meltzer, H. (2000) "Using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire ( SDQ) to screen for child psychiatric disorders in a community sample", British Journal of Psychiatry, 177, pp534-539

Moffit, T.E., Caspi, A., Dickson, N., Silva, P. and Stanton, W. (1996) "Childhood onset versus adolescent onset antisocial conduct problems in males: Natural history from ages 3 to 18 years", Development and Psychopathology, 8, pp399-424

Richman, M., Stevenson, J., and Graham P.J. (1982 ) Preschool to school: A behavioural study, London: Academic Press

Scottish Government (2008) The Early Years Framework, Edinburgh: Scottish Government

Sharp, C. (2002) "School starting age: European policy and recent research", Paper presented at the LGA Seminar "When Should Our Children Start School?", London,
1 November 2002

Shaw, D.S., Owens, E.B., Vondra, J.I., Keenan, K. and Winslow, E.B. (1996) "Early risk factors and pathways in the development of early disruptive behaviour problems", Development and Psychopathology, pp679-699

Sonunga-Barke, E.J.S., Lamparelli, M, Stevenson, J., Thompson, M. and Henry, A. (1994) "Pre-school behaviour problems and intellectual attainment: the association of hyperactivity and conduct problems", Journal of Child Psychology, 35, pp949-960

Sonunga-Barke, E.J.S., Thompson, M., Stevenson, J. and Viney, D. (1997) "Patterns of behaviour problems among pre-school children", Psychological Medicine, 27, pp909-918

Weiss, G. and Hechtmann, L.T. (1993) Hyperactive children grown up: ADHD in children, adolescents and adults (2nd ed.), New York: Guildford Press

Back to top