Assessing fisheries displacement by other licensed marine activities: good practice guidance - literature review

This project developed ‘Good Practice Guidance for Assessing Fisheries Displacement’ through a detailed literature review and consultation with the ScotMER Fish and Fisheries Receptor Group (FFSRG), commercial fisheries industry, offshore energy and regulatory sectors.

11 References

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Bastardie, F., Nielsen, J.R., Eigaard, O.R., Fock, H.O., Jonsson, P. and Bartolino, V., 2015. Competition for marine space: modelling the Baltic Sea fisheries and effort displacement under spatial restrictions. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 72(3), pp.824-840.

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Blyth-Skyrme, R.E. 2010. Options and Opportunities for Marine Fisheries Mitigation Associated with Wind Farms. Final report for Collaborative Offshore Wind Research into the Environment contract FISHMITIG09. COWRIE Ltd, London. Available from: [Accessed 29/04/2021].

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Campbell, M.S. 2015. Fisheries, Marine Conservation, Marine Renewable Energy and Displacement: A Fresh Approach. University of Plymouth. Available at: [Accessed 10/03/2021].

Campbell, M.S., Stehfest, K.M., Votier, S.C. and Hall-Spencer, J.M., 2014. Mapping fisheries for marine spatial planning: Gear-specific vessel monitoring system (VMS), marine conservation and offshore renewable energy. Marine Policy, 45, pp.293-300.

Catherall, C.L. and Kaiser, M.J. 2014. Review of king scallop dredge designs and impacts, legislation and potential conflicts with offshore wind farms. Fisheries & Conservation Report No. 39, Bangor University. pp. 40.

Chollett, I., Box, S.J. and Mumby, P.J., 2016. Quantifying the squeezing or stretching of fisheries as they adapt to displacement by marine reserves. Conservation Biology, 30(1), pp.166-175.

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de Groot, J., Campbell, M., Ashley, M. and Rodwell, L., 2014. Investigating the co-existence of fisheries and offshore renewable energy in the UK: Identification of a mitigation agenda for fishing effort displacement. Ocean & coastal management, 102, pp.7-18.

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FLOWW. 2015. Best Practice Guidance for Offshore Renewables Developments: Recommendations for Fisheries Disruption Settlements and Community Funds. FLOWW (Fishing Liaison with Offshore Wind and Wet Renewables Group). Available at: bestpractice-guidance-disruption-settlements-and-community-funds.pdf. [Accessed 29/04/2021].

Gill, A.B., S. Degraer, A. Lipsky, N. Mavraki, E. Methratta, and R. Brabant. 2020. Setting the context for offshore wind development effects on fish and fisheries. Oceanography 33(4):118–127

Goñi, R., Adlerstein, S., Alvarez-Berastegui, D., Forcada, A., Reñones, O., Criquet, G., Polti, S., Cadiou, G., Valle, C., Lenfant, P. and Bonhomme, P., 2008. Spillover from six western Mediterranean marine protected areas: evidence from artisanal fisheries. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 366, pp.159-174.

Greenstreet, S.P., Fraser, H.M. and Piet, G.J., 2009. Using MPAs to address regional-scale ecological objectives in the North Sea: modelling the effects of fishing effort displacement. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 66(1), pp.90-100.

Gray, M., Stromberg, P-L., Rodmell, D. 2016. 'Changes to fishing practices around the UK as a result of the development of offshore windfarms – Phase 1 (Revised).' The Crown Estate, 121 pages. ISBN: 978-1-906410-64-3

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Haggett, C., T. ten Brink, A. Russell, M. Roach, J. Firestone, T. Dalton, and B.J. McCay. 2020. Offshore wind projects and fisheries: Conflict and engagement in the United Kingdom and the United States. Oceanography 33(4):38–47

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