Publication - Research and analysis

Freedom of Information International Review: scope of bodies included

Published: 22 Jan 2020

A review of the scope of bodies included in freedom of information legislation in eleven international jurisdictions.

82 page PDF

774.0 kB

82 page PDF

774.0 kB

Freedom of Information International Review: scope of bodies included

82 page PDF

774.0 kB



Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002

Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002 (Designation of Persons as Scottish Public Authorities) Order 2013

Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002 (Designation of Persons as Scottish Public Authorities) Order 2016

Scottish Government, (2018) 'Delivering for Today, Investing for Tomorrow: The Government's Programme for Scotland 2018-19', Available at

Scottish Government, (2010), 'Consultation on Extending the Coverage of the Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002' Available at

Scottish Government (2015) 'Consultation of Further Extension of Coverage of the Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002 to More Organisations' Available at

Scottish Information Commissioner (2015). 'Commissioner's Special Report: FOI 10 Years On – are the right organisations covered? Available at

Liddle, C & McMenemy, D (2014) 'An evaluation of the United Kingdom and Scottish freedom of information regimes: comparative law and real-world practice' Communications Law 19(3), pp77-85


Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil, 1988

Lei de Acesso à Informação Pública n° 12.527/2011 (Access to Public Information Law)

Bercovici, G. (2015). 'Mixed-Capital Companies And The Brazilian Constitution of 1988' Constituição, Economia e Desenvolvimento: Revista da Academia Brasileira de Direito Constitucional Curtiba, 7(12) Jan-Jun, Available at


The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia, 1992

Avaliku teave seadus 2000 (RT I 2000, 92, 597) (Public Information Act 2000),

Vutt, A. (1996). ' Legal Persons in Estonian Law', Juridica International No.1, Available at


Constitution of India, 1949

The Right to Information Act, 2005,

Comptroller and Auditor General's (Duties, Powers and Conditions of Service) Act 1971

Bennet Coleman & Co. v Union of India, AIR 1973 SC 783Dattaprasad Co-operative Housing Society Ltd v. Karnataka State Chief Information Commissioner [2009] 5 RCR (Civil) 833 (Karc HC)

Diamond Jubilee Higher Secondary School v. Union of India [2007] (Mad HC) 36901/2006

Electronic and Computer Software Export Promotion Council v/s Central Information Commission & Navneet Kaur, High Court of New Delhi & LPA 1801/2006

Indian Olympic Association v Veeresh Malik & Others, (New Delhi HC) WP (c) 876/2007,

Indubala Agarwal v/s National Commodity & Derivatives Exchange Ltd, CIC/LS/C/2009/000575

Mr. Anil Bariwal v/s Parliament of India (CIC order) No CIC/SM/C/ 001386,

National Stock Exchange of India Limited v. Central Information Commission, WP (C). 4748/2007

S.P Gupta v. President of India AIR 1982 SC 149

Tamil Nadu Newsprint & Papers Ltd v/s State Information Commission, W.P. No.13416/2008

Thalappalam Ser. Coop. Bank Ltd and others v. State of Kerala and others, Civil Appeal No.9017 of 2013

The Hindu Urban Cooperative Bank Limited and Others v. The State Information Commission and Others (Pun & Har HC) 1190/2011

Political parties under RTI: Election Commission contradicts CIC directive' The Hindu (27/05/18), Available at

See Roberts, A. (2010). 'A Great and Revolutionary Law? The First Four Years of India's Right to Information Act', Public Information Review November/December,

Central Information Commission 'List of Right to Information Nodal Officers 2015/16' Available at


Freedom of Information Act 1997

Freedom of Information (Amendment) Act 2003

Freedom of Information Act 2014

Dowling, R. (2014). 'Irish FOI Proposals Still 'Timid'', Available at (Accessed 24/01/19)

Worthy, B (2017) The Politics of Freedom of Information, Manchester: Manchester University Press, Chapter 9;


Constitution of Kenya, 2010,

Access to Information Act (31 of 2016)

Nairobi Law Monthly Company Limited v. Kenya Electricity Generating Company (KENGEN) & 6 others, Petition No.278 of 2011, High Court of Nairobi,

Herbling, D. (04/06/17). 'Kenyan firms slow in enforcing Access to Information Act', Business Daily Africa, Available at

Katiba Institute (2018) 'Handbook on the Access to Information Act, 2016), Available at


Political Constitution of the United Mexican States 1917

Ley General De Transparencia Y Accesso A La Información Pública 2015, (General Act of Transparency and Access to Public Information 2015),


The Constitution of the Kingdom of the Netherlands 2008

Wet openbaarheid van bestuur (Public Access Act) 1991

Right2info. (13/09/13) 'Private Bodies and Public Corporations: Netherlands' Available at

New Zealand

Official Information Act 1986,

State-Owned Enterprises Act 1982,

Law Commission of New Zealand (2012) 'The Public's Right to Know: Review of the Official Information Legislation', Available at


Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999

Freedom of Information Act 2011,, (03/06/11), 'Nigerian President Signs Freedom of Information Bill', Available at, (12/11/14) 'Nigerian Judge Says FOI Law Not Applicable to States', Available at, (27/06/14), 'Nigerian Courts Upholding FOIA Applications in States', Available at, (17/02/14), 'Application of Nigerian FOI Law to States Contested', Available at

Alo v Speaker, Ondo State House of Assembly & Another (2018) LPELR-45143(CA)

Ugwu Chibuike, H. (2018), 'Exploring The Freedom of Information Act 2011, as a Tool for Holding Government and Public Institutions Accountable', Legalnaija Blawg, Available at (Accessed 24/01/19)

Boniface Okezie v. Central Bank of Nigeria CA/L/693/2010

South Africa

The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996

Promotion of Access to Information Act, (Act 2 of 2000)

Cape Metropolitan Council v Metro Inspection Services (Western Cape) CC and Others, 2001(3) SA 1013 (SCA),

Claase v Information Officer of South African Airways (Pty) Ltd. [2006] SCA 163

Clutch (Fty) Ltd v Davis 2005 (3) SA (SCA),

M&G Media Ltd and Others v 2010 Fifa World Cup Organising Committee South Africa Ltd and Another 2011 (5) SA 163 (GSJ)

Mittalsteel South Africa Ltd (Formerly Iscor Ltd) v Hlatshwayo 2007 (1) SA 66 (SCA)

My Vote Counts NPC v President of the Republic of South Africa and Others (13372/2016) [2017] ZAWCHC 105

Peekhaus, W. (2014). 'South Africa's Promotion of Access to Information Act: An Analysis of Relevant Jurisprudence' Journal of Information Policy 4,

Law, M (14/12/17). 'What the historic party funding Bill means for SA politics' The Mail and Guardian, Available at


Konglige Majestäts Nådige Förordning, Angående Skrif-och Tryck-friheten 1776 (His Majesty's Gracious Ordinance Relating to Freedom of Writing and of the Press) [Freedom of the Press Act]

Tryckfrihetsförordning (1949:105) (Freedom of the Press Act 1949)

Offentighets-och sekretesslag (2009:400), (Public Access to Information and Secrecy Act)

Swedish Ministry of Justice (2009) 'Public Access to Information and Secrecy Act: Information concerning public access to information and secrecy legislation, etc' Available at


Right2info. (13/09/13) 'Private Bodies and Public Corporations' Available at

Peled, R & Rabin, Y (2010). 'The Constitutional Right to Information' Columbia Human Rights Law Review 42:357, p397