Publication - Report

Expert Commission on Energy Regulation: main report

Published: 10 Jul 2014

The final report of the Expert Commission on Energy Regulation, including the Commission's conclusions and key messages.

75 page PDF

1.5 MB

75 page PDF

1.5 MB

Contents
Expert Commission on Energy Regulation: main report
Footnotes

75 page PDF

1.5 MB

Footnotes

1 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/ofgem-publications/76390/ofgem-discovery-pr8-2.pdf

2 http://consumerinsight.which.co.uk/tracker

3 Examples include the development of Ireland's Single Energy Market, and reforms to the UK electricity market, which began in 2010 and are only now nearing completion.

4 Council of European Energy Regulators.

5 Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators.

6 Energy Community Regulators Body.

7 The CACM Framework Guidance (section 2.2) makes it clear that overall market efficiency includes consideration of 'socio-economic welfare, liquidity, competition, network structure and topology, planned network reinforcement and re-dispatch costs'. Section 1.1 also notes that in evaluating the proposed CACM Network Code, ACER will take account of the need to fulfill security of supply objectives and the Union's targets for penetration of renewable generation.

8 http://www.theiet.org/factfiles/energy/elec-shock-page.cfm

9 https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/279546/DUKES_2013_Chapter_5.pdf

10 British Geological Survey response Energy and Climate Change Committee inquiry into energy security, 2011.

11 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/ofgem-publications/40204/gas-sos-report.pdf

12 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/ofgem-publications/75232/electricity-capacity-assessment-report-2013.pdf

13 http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32005L0089

14 See: EU Regulation on wholesale Energy Market Integrity and Transparency ( REMIT). http://www.acer.europa.eu/remit/Pages/Background.aspx

15 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk//electricity/wholesale-market/european-market

16 http://www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/10303-001-Levy-Control-Framework.pdf

17 Heat networks may have a more prominent role in the future as they provide economic and technical options that can assist with integration of electricity and gas in a high renewables environment.

18 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/news/state-competition-energy-market

19 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/ofgem-publications/76124/discoveryfs.pdf

20 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/ofgem-publications/76242/20121217-press-release-riio.pdf

21 http://www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Departmental_Overview_Ofgem.pdf

22 http://www2.nationalgrid.com/UK/Industry-information/System-charges/Electricity-transmission/Transmission-Network-Use-of-System-Charges/Tools-and-Data/

23 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/publications-and-updates/project-transmit-update-progress-and-way-forward

24 https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/229469/hydro_benefit_replacement_scheme_response.pdf

25 http://www2.nationalgrid.com/UK/Industry-information/System-charges/Electricity-transmission/Assistance-for-areas-with-high-distribution-costs/AAHEDCChargingStatement2013_14FINAL.pdf

26 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/ofgem-publications/43538/shepdninesconsultation.pdf

27 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/ofgem-publications/87381/ofgemdeterminationofshepdsubmissionundercrc18a.pdf

28 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/ofgem-publications/64006/householdenergybillsexplainedudjuly2013web.pdf

29 http://marketrealist.com/2014/04/effect-ukraine-crisis-natural-gas-markets/

30 Directive 2009/72/EC Concerning common rules for the internal market in electricity and repealing directive 2003.54/EC.

31 Directive 2009/73/EC Concerning common rules for the internal market in electricity and repealing directive 2003.55/EC.

32 Including, but not limited to: Utility Regulator - Northern Ireland & Commission for Energy Regulation - Ireland, European Commission - DG Energy, Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators ( ACER), Council of European Energy Regulators ( CEER), European Network for Transmission System Operators - Electricity (ENTSO-E), NVE - Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, Ei - Swedish Energy Markets Inspectorate, ERSE - Entidade Reguladora Dos Servicos Energeticos, Portugal, Minnesota Public Utility Regulator, USA.

33 http://www.theiet.org/factfiles/energy/elec-shock-page.cfm?origin=myc-pnjv

34 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/electricity/retail-market/market-review-and-reform/smarter-markets-programme/electricity-settlement

35 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/ofgem-publications/40204/gas-sos-report.pdf

36 Laws of Minnesota, 2007, Ch. 136, (Art. 1, Sec. 2, Subd. 2) Energy Policy Goals. It is the energy policy of the state of Minnesota that: 1. The per capita use of fossil fuel as an energy input be reduced by 15 percent by the year 2015, through increased reliance on energy efficiency and renewable energy alternatives; and 2.5 percent of the total energy used in the state be derived from renewable energy resources by the year 2025.

37 Presentation on Energy efficiency in the State of Minnesota, courtesy of the Minnesota Public Utility.

38 Alberto Pototschnig, Director of the Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators ( ACER), 4/02/14.

39 http://www.ceer.eu/portal/page/portal/EER_HOME/EER_ABOUT/Tab

40 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0044/00444530.pdf

41 http://ec.europa.eu/competition/state_aid/modernisation/centeno-lopez_en.pdf

42 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/ofgem-publications/75232/electricity-capacity-assessment-report-2013.pdf

43 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/electricity/transmission-networks/charging/project-transmit

44 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/ofgem-publications/87782/electricitybalancingsignificantcodereview-finalpolicydecision.pdf

45 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/publications-and-updates/project-transmit-update-progress-and-way-forward

46 https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/310283/competitive_allocation_consultation_document.pdf

47 https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/229469/hydro_benefit_replacement_scheme_response.pdf

48 https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/301772/2901910__ScotlandAnalysis_Energy_acc.pdf

49 https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/smart-grid-forums-smart-grid-vision-and-routemap

50 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/News/Releases/2008/09/19111827
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0040/00401801.pdf

51 http://ec.europa.eu/competition/state_aid/modernisation/centeno-lopez_en.pdf

52 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/ofgem-publications/53746/sptshetlfp.pdf

53 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2014/01/3724/5

54 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/ofgem-publications/76242/20121217-press-release-riio.pdf

55 http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/2030/index_en.htm

56 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Built-Environment/Housing/warmhomes/fuelpoverty/ScottishFuelPovertyForum/final-report

57 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/SHCS

58 http://www.consumerfutures.org.uk/news/households-who-rely-on-electric-heating-may-pay-the-highest-price-for-government-energy-policy

59 http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/household-income/expenditure-on-household-fuels/2002---2012/full-report--household-energy-spending-in-the-uk--2002--2012.html

60 http://www.consumerfutures.org.uk/files/2013/07/Energy-policy-constitutional-change-and-consumers-in-Scotland.pdf

61 http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/parliamentarybusiness/28877.aspx?SearchType=Advance&ReferenceNumbers=S4W-19828&ResultsPerPage=10

62 Directive 2012/27/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency, amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC

63 http://annex40.net/Netherlands.11586.0.html#c44898

64 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2013/05/2162/3

65 http://www.resourceefficientscotland.com/

66 Scottish House Condition Survey, chapter 3.
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2012/12/4995/downloads

67 http://www.consumerfocus.org.uk/scotland/files/2011/02/Energy-efficiency-in-private-sector-housing-in-Scotland-Regulation-and-the-consumer-interest.pdf

68 https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/energy-trends-september-2013-special-feature-articles-combined-heat-and-power-in-scotland-wales-northern-ireland-and-the-regions-of-england-in-2

69 http://www.energysavingtrust.org.uk/scotland/Take-action/Get-business-funding/District-heating-loan-fund2

70 http://www.aberdeenheatandpower.co.uk/

71 http://www.sheap-ltd.co.uk/

72 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0044/00444530.pdf

73 http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/publications/re-reference-tables.html?edition=tcm%3A77-247453

74 http://www2.nationalgrid.com/UK/Industry-information/Future-of-Energy/Electricity-ten-year-statement/Current-statement/

75 https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/energy-trends-december-2013-special-feature-article-electricity-generation-and-supply-figures-for-scotland-wales-northern-ireland-and-england-2

76 SG estimates based on - http://www2.nationalgrid.com/uk/industry-information/future-of-energy/fes/Documents/

77 The 30% renewable electricity target is a UK-wide target, which contributes to the UK's 15% energy target.

78 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/electricity/transmission-networks/electricity-interconnectors

79 http://www.uregni.gov.uk/uploads/publications/CER_OFREG_Memo_of_Understanding_Final.pdf

80 https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/272399/7002.pdf

81 http://www.allislandproject.org/en/about_us_overview.aspx

82 Data on Iceland is not included as it is not a contiguous part of the Nordic energy market.

83 https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/65669/7202-energy-bill-provisions-for-ofgem-strategy-and-supp.pdf

84 https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/licences-codes-and-standards/codes


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