Climate change: evidence review of mitigation options in the Built Environment sector

Evidence review of potential climate change mitigation measures in the Built Environment sector.


AECOM (2012) Investigations into Overheating in Homes: A Literature Review. Report to Department for Communities and Local Government.

Allen, J.G., MacNaughton, P., Laurent, J.G.C., Flanigan, S.S., Eitland, E.S., Spengler, J.D., 2015. Green Buildings and Health. Curr. Environ. Health Rep. 2, 250-258. doi:10.1007/s40572-015-0063-y

Anderson, D.R. et al. (2000), "The relationship between modifiable health risks and group level health care expenditures", American Journal of Health Promotion, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 45-52,

Andreadis, G., Roaf S., and Mallick, T., (2013) Tackling fuel poverty with building- integrated solar technologies: The case of the city of Dundee in Scotland. Energy and Buildings 59 (2013) 310-320

Annesi-Maesano, I., Lundbäck, B., Viegi, G., 2014. Respiratory epidemiology, 1st edition. ed. Sheffield: European Respiratory Society.

ApSimon, H. and Oxley, T. (2013) Analysis of the air quality impacts of potential CCC scenarios. Report to the UK Committee on Climate Change by Imperial Consultants Ltd.

Aynsley, R., 1999. Estimating summer wind driven natural ventilation potential for indoor thermal comfort. J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerodyn. 83, 515-525. doi:10.1016/S0167-6105(99)00098-7

Baker, K., 2015. Reducing demand: Energy efficiency and behaviour change, in: Wood, G., & Baker, K.J., (Eds.), A Critical Review of Scottish Renewable Energy Policy. Palgrave.

Baker, K.J., 2016 Personal communication

Baker, K.J., Emmanuel, R., Phillipson, M., 2012. Final Report: Support for RPP2 Housing Futures. ClimateXChange Scotland.

Baker, K.J., Mould, R., Restrick, S., 2016. The Speird Project - Final report to the Eaga Charitable Trust.

Barker, T., Ekins, P., Foxon, T., 2007. The macro-economic rebound effect and the UK economy. Energy Policy 35, 4935-4946. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2007.04.009

Barker, T., Jenkins, K., 2007. The Domestic Energy Sub-Model in MDM-E3.

Becker, R., Goldberger, I., Paciuk, M., 2007. Improving energy performance of school buildings while ensuring indoor air quality ventilation. Build. Environ. 42, 3261-3276. doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2006.08.016

Bernstein, J.A., Alexis, N., Bacchus, H., Bernstein, I.L., Fritz, P., Horner, E., Li, N., Mason, S., Nel, A., Oullette, J., Reijula, K., Reponen, T., Seltzer, J., Smith, A., Tarlo, S.M., 2008. The health effects of non-industrial indoor air pollution. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 121, 585-591. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2007.10.045

Bianchini, F., Hewage, K., 2012. How "green" are the green roofs? Lifecycle analysis of green roof materials. Build. Environ. 48, 57-65. doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2011.08.019

Biran, A., Hunt, C., 2003. WELL - Resource Centre Network for Water, Sanitation and Environmental Health [ WWW Document]. Indoor Air Pollut. Cook. Stoves Health.
URL (accessed 2.9.16).

Boardman, B., Darby, S., Killip, G., Hinnells, M., Jardine, C.N., Palmer, J., Sinden, G., 2005. 40% House. Environmental Change Institute, Oxford.

Boardman, B. (2010), Fixing Fuel Poverty: Challenges and Solutions, Earthscan, London

Bornehag, C.G., Blomquist, G., Gyntelberg, F., Järvholm, B., Malmberg, P., Nordvall, L., Nielsen, A., Pershagen, G., Sundell, J., 2001. Dampness in buildings and health. Nordic interdisciplinary review of the scientific evidence on associations between exposure to "dampness" in buildings and health effects ( NORDDAMP). Indoor Air 11, 72-86.

Boyce. J. & Pastor, M. (2012) Cooling the Planet, Clearing the Air: Climate Policy, Carbon Pricing, and Co-Benefits.Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, 79 pages

Bruce, N., Perez-Padilla, R., Albalak, R., 2000. Indoor air pollution in developing countries: a major environmental and public health challenge. Bull. World Health Organ. 78, 1078-1092.

Cabinet Office, 2011. Behaviour change and energy use.

CASD, 2010. A Select Review of Literature on the Relationship Between Housing and Health.

Castleton, H.F., Stovin, V., Beck, S.B.M., Davison, J.B., 2010. Green roofs; building energy savings and the potential for retrofit. Energy Build. 42, 1582-1591. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2010.05.004

Cecere, G., Mazzanti, M., 2015. Green jobs, innovation and environmentally oriented strategies in European SMEs.

Centre for Energy Policy ( CEP) 2016 Research into the rebound effect

Chard R., and Walker G., (2016) Living with fuel poverty in older age: Coping strategies and their problematic implications. Energy Research & Social Science 18 (2016) 62-70

Chauvin, J., Pauls, J., Strobl, L., 2016. Building codes: An often overlooked determinant of health. J. Public Health Policy 37, 136-148. doi:10.1057/jphp.2016.5

Christina, S., Waterson, P., Dainty, A., Daniels, K., 2015. A socio-technical approach to improving retail energy efficiency behaviours. Appl. Ergon. 47, 324-335. doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2014.08.003

Citizens Advice Scotland, Consumer Futures Unit, 2016. Taking the Temperature: A review of energy efficiency and fuel poverty schemes in Scotland. Consumer Futures Unit, Scotland.

Clarke et al., 2014. Assessing Transformation Pathways, in: Edonhofer et al., (Ed.), Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

ClimateXChange (2016) Overheating Risk in Buildings Housing Vulnerable People

Commission on Housing & Wellbeing, 2015. A blueprint for Scotland's future. Commission on Housing & Wellbeing.

Committee on Climate Change, 2016. "Reducing emissions in Scotland 2016 progress report". Committee on Climate Change: London.

Consoli, D., Marin, G., Marzucchi, A., Vona, F., 2015. Do green jobs differ from non-green jobs in terms of skills and human capital?

Copenhagen Economics, 2012. Multiple Benefits of Investing in Energy-efficient Renovation of Buildings - Impact on Finances in IEA, 2014

Creamer, E., 2015. The double-edged sword of grant funding: a study of community-led climate change initiatives in remote rural Scotland. Local Environ. 20, 981-999. doi:10.1080/13549839.2014.885937

Curl, A., Thompson, C.W., Alves, S., Aspinall, P., 2016. Outdoor Environmental Supportiveness and Older People's Quality of Life: A Personal Projects Approach. J. Hous. Elder. 30, 1-17. doi:10.1080/02763893.2015.1087925

Dalkmann, H., Brannigan, C., 2007. Transport and Climate Change, Sourcebook Module 5e.

Daly, H.E., Farley, J., 2011. Ecological Economics: Principles and Applications, 2 edition. ed. Island Press, Washington.

Danish Energy Agency, 2005. Heat supply in Denmark [ WWW Document]. Energistyrelsen.
URL (accessed 30.8.16).

DCLG, 2006. Building a Greener Future: Towards Zero Carbon Development.

DECC, 2014a. Consultation Stage Impact Assessment for the Private Rented Sector Regulations.

DECC, 2014b. Understanding the behaviours of households in fuel poverty.

Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, 2016. Renewable Heat Incentive statistics [ WWW Document].
URL (accessed 30.8.16).

Druckman, A., Chitnis, M., Sorrell, S., Jackson, T. (2011) Missing carbon reductions? Exploring rebound and backfire effects in UK households. Energy Policy, Volume 39, Issue 6, June 2011, Pages 3572-3581

Dunnett, N., Kingsbury, N., 2004. Planting Green Roofs and Living Walls. Timber Press.

Ecocel, 2016. Eco friendly home insulation product. Sustainable Insulation [ WWW Document]. Ecocel.
URL (accessed 30.8.16).

EEP, 2013. Europe's Energy Portal - Fuel, Natural Gas and Electricity Prices From Past to Present [ WWW Document].
URL (accessed 30.8.16).

Ekins, P., Etheridge, B., 2006. The environmental and economic impacts of the UK climate change agreements. Energy Policy 34, 2071-2086. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2005.01.008

Ellsworth-Krebs (2016) PhD Thesis: Home-ing in on Domestic Energy Research, University of St Andrews.

Emmanuel, R., Baker, K., 2012. Carbon Management in the Built Environment. Routledge.

Emmanuel, R., Krüger, E., 2012. Urban heat island and its impact on climate change resilience in a shrinking city: The case of Glasgow, UK. Build. Environ. 53, 137-149. doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2012.01.020

Emmanuel, R., Loconsole, A., 2015. Green infrastructure as an adaptation approach to tackling urban overheating in the Glasgow Clyde Valley Region, UK. Landsc. Urban Plan. 138, 71-86. doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2015.02.012

Environmental Protection UK (2013) Solid Fuel and Air Quality An Update for Local Authorities.

Equal Rights Center, 2014. Opening Doors: An investigation of barriers to senior housing for same-sex couples.

European Commission, 2011. Background on energy in Europe.

EC (European Commission) (2011), Commission Staff Working Paper Impact Assessment, Accompanying the document Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on Energy Efficiency and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2004/8/ EC and 2006/32/ EC, SEC(2011) 779 final, Brussels, 22.6.2011 in IEA, 2014

European Environment Agency, 2013. Achieving energy efficiency through behaviour change: what does it take? (No. EEA Technical report | No 5/2013). European Environment Agency, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Feliciano, D., Slee, B., Smith, P., 2014. The potential uptake of domestic woodfuel heating systems and its contribution to tackling climate change: A case study from the North East Scotland. Renew. Energy 72, 344-353. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2014.07.039

Figueiro M.G, Mark S. Rea, M.S and Rea, A.C. (2002) Daylight and Productivity - A Field Study. ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings.

Fisk, W.J., Lei-Gomez, Q., Mendell, M.J., 2007. Meta-analyses of the associations of respiratory health effects with dampness and mold in homes. Indoor Air 17, 284-296. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0668.2007.00475.x

Forest Research, 2010. Benefits of green infrastructure. Forest Research.

Forestry Commission Scotland, 2006. The Scottish Forestry Strategy. Forestry Commission Scotland, National Office, Silvan House, Edinburgh.

Foster, J., Shape, T., Morgan, C., Musau, F., 2016. Scottish Passive House: Insights into Environmental Conditions in Monitored Passive Houses. Sustainability 8, 24.

Friedman, S., Reynolds, A., Scovill, S., Brassier, F.R., Campbell, R., Ballou, M., 2013. An Estimate of Housing Discrimination Against Same-Sex Couples | HUD USER.

Galvin, R., 2015. The rebound effect, gender and social justice: A case study in Germany. Energy Policy 86, 759-769. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2015.08.026

Galvin, R., Sunikka-Blank, M., 2016. Quantification of (p)rebound effects in retrofit policies - Why does it matter? Energy 95, 415-424. doi:10.1016/

Garrett, H., Piddington, J., Nicol, S., 2014. The Housing Conditions of Minority Ethnic Households in England.

Glasgow Clyde Valley Green Partnership, 2013. Green Infrastructure for overheating adaptation in Glasgow. Glasgow Clyde Valley Green Partnership.

Gilbertson, J., Grimsley, M. and Green, G. (2012), "Psychosocial routes from housing investment to health gain. Evidence from England's home energy efficiency scheme", for the Warm Front Study Group, Energy Policy, Vol. 49, Elsevier Ltd., Amsterdam, pp. 122-133

Grant, C., Hunter, C.A., Flannigan, B., Bravery, A.F., 1989. The moisture requirements of moulds isolated from domestic dwellings. Int. Biodeterior. 25, 259-284. doi:10.1016/0265-3036(89)90002-X

Green Roof Guide, 2016. Green Roof Guide [ WWW Document].
URL (accessed 30.8.16).

Green Roof Technology, 2014. Green Roof Technology.

Groten, J.P., Feron, V.J., & Suhnel, J., 2001. Toxicology of simple and complex mixtures. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. Vol. 22, No. 6., June 2001, pp. 316-322.

Gupta, R., Irving, R., 2014. "Possible effects of future domestic heat pump installation on the UK energy supply". Energy and Buildings. Vol 84. Pp. 94-110.

Gupta, R., Kapsali, M., 2015. Empirical assessment of indoor air quality and overheating in low-carbon social housing dwellings in England, UK. Adv. Build. Energy Res. 10, 46-68. doi:10.1080/17512549.2015.1014843

Hamilton, I., Milner, J., Chalabi, Z., Das, P., Jones, B., Shrubsole, C., Davies, M., Wilkinson, P., 2015. Health effects of home energy efficiency interventions in England: a modelling study. BMJ Open 5, e007298. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-007298

Haney, A.B., Jamasb, T., Platchkov, L.M., Pollitt, M., 2010. Demand-side Management Strategies and the Residential Sector: Lessons from International Experience. EPRG, Cambridge.

Haney, A.B., Jamasb, T., Pollitt, M., 2009. Smart Metering and Electricity Demand: Technology, economics and international experience. University of Cambridge, Electricity Policy Research Group, Cambridge.

Hills J., 2012. Getting the Measure of Fuel Poverty

Hollas, L., 2014. Promoting climate change mitigation and the health of communities in urban areas using green infrastructure in the UK (Dissertation). Glasgow Caledonian University, School of Engineering and the Built Environment.

Howden-Chapman, P., Viggers, H., Chapman, R., O'Sullivan, K., Telfar Barnard, L., Lloyd, B., 2012. Tackling cold housing and fuel poverty in New Zealand: A review of policies, research, and health impacts. Energy Policy, Special Section: Fuel Poverty Comes of Age: Commemorating 21 Years of Research and Policy 49, 134-142. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2011.09.044

Huseynov, E.F.O., 2011. Planning of sustainable cities in view of green architecture. Procedia Eng. 21, 534.

International Energy Agency, 2014. Capturing the Multiple Benefits of Energy Efficiency. International Energy Agency, Paris.

IPCC, 2014. Fifth Assessment Report.

James, J.P., Yang, X., 2005. Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds from Several Green and Non-Green Building Materials: A Comparison. Indoor Built Environ. 14, 69-74. doi:10.1177/1420326X05050504

Johnson, L., Ciaccio, C., Barnes, C., Kennedy, K., Forrest, E., Gard, L., Pacheco, F., Dowling, P., & Portnoy, J., 2009. Low-cost interventions improve indoor air quality and children's health. Allergy and Asthma Proceedings. 30 (4), pp.377-385.

Jones, A.P., 1999. Indoor air quality and health. Atmos. Environ. 33, 4535-4564. doi:10.1016/S1352-2310(99)00272-1

Jones, P., Patterson, J., Lannon, S., 2007. Modelling the built environment at an urban scale-Energy and health impacts in relation to housing. Landsc. Urban Plan. 83, 39-49.

Kim, K.-H., Jahan, S.A., Kabir, E., 2013. A review on s perspective of air pollution with respect to allergies and asthma. Environ. Int. 59, 41-52. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2013.05.007

Kobus, C.B.A., Klaassen, E.A.M., Mugge, R., Schoormans, J.P.L., 2015. A real-life assessment on the effect of smart appliances for shifting households' electricity demand. Appl. Energy 147, 335-343. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.01.073

Kowalczyk, A., 2011. Green roofs as an opportunity for sustainable development in urban areas. Sustain. Dev. Appl. 2 63-77.

Laing P. and A. Baker 2006, The Healthy Housing Program Evaluation: Synthesis and Discussion of Findings, report prepared for Housing New Zealand Corporation, Housing New Zealand Corporation, Wellington

Lamond W., (2015) Investigation of Summer Overheating of the Passive House Design in the Scottish Climate.

Lecca, P., McGregor, P. G., Swales, J. K., & Turner, K. (2014). The added value from a general equilibrium analysis of increased efficiency in household energy use. Ecological Economics. 100, 51-62.

Lee, C.-S., Haghighat, F., Ghaly, W.S., 2005. A study on VOC source and sink behavior in porous building materials - analytical model development and assessment. Indoor Air 15, 183-196. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0668.2005.00335.x

Lehr, U., C. Lutz and D. Edler (2012), "Green jobs? Economic impacts of renewable energy in Germany", Energy Policy, Vol. 47, Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, pp. 358-36

Liddell, C., Morris, C., 2010. Fuel poverty and human : A review of recent evidence. Energy Policy, The Role of Trust in Managing Uncertainties in the Transition to a Sustainable Energy Economy, Special Section with Regular Papers 38, 2987-2997. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2010.01.037

Liddell C., C. Morris and S. Langdon (2011), Kirklees Warm Zone. The Project and its Impacts on Well-being, report commissioned by The Department For Social Development Northern Ireland, University of Ulster, Coleraine,,Health%20Inequalities%20&tokens_complete=true

Lockton, D., Cain, R., Harrison, D.J., Giudice, S., Nicholson, L., Jennings, P., 2011. Behaviour change at work: Empowering energy efficiency in the workplace through user-centred design. University of California eScholarship Repository.

Lopes, M.A.R., Antunes, C.H., Martins, N., 2012. Energy behaviours as promoters of energy efficiency: A 21st century review. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 16, 4095-4104. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2012.03.034

Low Carbon Scotland, 2016. RPP2/ RPP3 Strategy. Low Carbon Scotl.

Lowe, R., 2007. Technical options and strategies for decarbonizing UK housing. Build. Res. Inf. 35, 412-425.

Macintosh, A., Steemers, K., 2005. Ventilation strategies for urban housing: lessons from a PoE case study. Build. Res. Inf. 33, 17-31. doi:10.1080/0961321042000322771

Maidment, C.D.. et al. (2014), "The impact of household energy efficiency measures on health: A meta-analysis", Energy Policy, Vol. 65, pp. 583-593.

Makar, 2016. Makar Construction Inverness [ WWW Document]. Who Are Makar.
URL (accessed 30.8.16).

Mazza, L., Rydin, Y., 1997. Urban Sustainability: Discourses, Networks and Policy Tools. Prog. Plan. 1, 1-74.

McMichael, M., Shipworth, D., 2013. The value of social networks in the diffusion of energy-efficiency innovations in UK households. Energy Policy 53, 159-168. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2012.10.039

Mendell, M.J., Mirer, A.G., Cheung, K., Tong, M., Douwes, J., 2011. Respiratory and allergic health effects of dampness, mold, and dampness-related agents: a review of the epidemiologic evidence. Environ. Health Perspect. 119, 748-756. doi:10.1289/ehp.1002410

M'Ikiugu, M.M., QianNa, W., Kinoshita, I., 2012. Green Infrastructure Gauge: A Tool for Evaluating Green Infrastructure Inclusion in Existing and Future Urban Areas. Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci. 68, 815-825. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.12.269

Missia, D.A., Demetriou, E., Michael, N., Tolis, E.I., Bartzis, J.G., 2010. Indoor exposure from building materials: A field study. Atmos. Environ. 44, 4388-4395. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.07.049

Morgan, C., Foster J.A., Sharpe T., and Poston 2015. "Overheating in Scotland: Lessons from 26 monitored low energy homes". CISBAT: Lausanne.

Nandasena, S., Wickremasinghe, A.R., Sathiakumar, N., 2012. Respiratory health status of children from two different air pollution exposure settings of Sri Lanka: a cross-sectional study. Am. J. Ind. Med. 55, 1137-1145. doi:10.1002/ajim.22020

National Records of Scotland, 2015. Winter Mortality in Scotland - 2014 - 15 [ WWW Document].
URL (accessed 30.8.16).

NEES, 2013. Home [ WWW Document]. NEES.
URL (accessed 30.8.16).

NICE, 2016. Preventing excess winter deaths and illness associated with cold homes [ WWW Document]. Prev. Excess Winter Deaths Illn. Assoc. Cold Homes.
URL (accessed 30.8.16).

Niven, R., Fletcher, A.M., Pickering, A.C., Custovic, A., Sivour, J.B., Preece, A.R., Oldham, L.A., Francis, H.C., 1999. Attempting to control mite allergens with mechanical ventilation and dehumidification in British houses. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 103, 756-762.

Onyango, V., Burford, N., Wright, F., Moyo, D., 2016. "The effectiveness of greenhouse gas emission policies in Scottish local development plans". ClimateXChange.

Osanyintola, O.F., Simonson, C.J., 2006. Moisture buffering capacity of hygroscopic building materials: Experimental facilities and energy impact. Energy Build. 38, 1270-1282. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2006.03.026

Pacheco R., Ordez J., and Martnez G., (2012) Energy efficient design of building: a review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16 (6) (2012), pp. 3559-3573

Payne, J., Weatherall, D., Downy, F., 2015. Capturing the "multiple benefits" of energy efficiency in practice: the UK example. ECEEE, London.

Penttinen, L., 2012. Smart metering - Breakthrough in consumer empowerment and behaviour change?

Pierpoint, K., 2014. The impact of long-term engagement on empowerment & behaviour change.

Pindyck, R.S., 2015. The Use and Misusre of Models for Climate Policy (No. 21097). NBER, NBER.

Preval N. et al. (2010), "Evaluating energy, health and carbon co-benefits from improved domestic space heating: A randomised community trial", Energy Policy Vol. 38, No. 8, , pp. 3965-3972,

Renaldi, R., Kiprakis, A., Friedrich, D., 2016. "An optimisation framework for thermal energy storage in a residential heat pump heating system". Applied Energy: In Press.

RICS, 2014. Building a Better Scotland: The RICS Scottish Housing Commission Report. RICS, London.

Roaf, S., Crichton, D., Nicol, F., 2009. Adapting Buildings and Cities for Climate Change, 2nd ed. ed. Architectural Press, Amsterdam.

Rosenzweig, C., Gaffin, S., Parshall, L. (Eds.), 2006. Green Roofs in New York Metropolitan Region: Research Report. Columbia University, Columbia University.

RSPB Scotland, 2016. RSPB Scotland response to Scottish Government call for evidence.

Ryan, L., Campbell, N., 2012. Spreading the Net: The Multiple Benefits of Energy Efficiency Improvements ( IEA Energy Papers). Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris.

Sandström, U.G., 2002. Green Infrastructure Planning in Urban Sweden. Plan. Pract. Res. 17, 373-385. doi:10.1080/02697450216356

Schwanitz, V.J., Longden, T., Knopf, B., Capros, P., 2015. The implications of initiating immediate climate change mitigation - A potential for co-benefits? Technol. Forecast. Soc. Change 90, Part A, 166-177. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2014.01.003

Scotland's Census, 2016. Housing and Accommodation [ WWW Document]. Hous. Accommod.
URL (accessed 30.8.16).

Scottish Government, 2016a. Scottish Greenhouse Gas Emissions 2014 [ WWW Document]. Scott. Greenh. Gas Emiss. 2014.
URL (accessed 1.9.16).

Scottish Government, 2016c. Housing Statistics for Scotland [ WWW Document].
URL (accessed 30.8.16).

Scottish Government, 2016d. Housing Statistics for Scotland 2015: Key Trends Summary.

Scottish Government, 2016b. Scottish Government Health Statistics [ WWW Document].
URL (accessed 30.8.16).

Scottish Government, 2015a. Scotland's People Annual Report: Results from 2014 Scottish Household Survey [ WWW Document].
URL (accessed 30.8.16).

Scottish Government, 2015b. Energy in Scotland 2015.

Scottish Government, 2013. Low Carbon Scotland - Meeting our Emissions Reduction Targets 2013 - 2027 [ WWW Document].
URL (accessed 30.8.16).

Scottish Government, 2009. The Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009.

Scottish Government, S.A.H., 2012. Towards 2016 - The Future of Fuel Poverty Policy in Scotland - Energy Assistance Package ( EAP) [ WWW Document].
URL (accessed 2.9.16).

Scottish Government, S.A.H., 2003. Review of Scotland's Cities - The Analysis [ WWW Document].
URL (accessed 2.9.16).

Shrubsole C, Ridley I, Biddulph P, Milner J, Vardoulakis S, Ucci M, Wilkinson P, Chalabi Z, Davies M. 2012 Indoor PM 2.5 exposure in London's domestic stock: modelling current and future exposures following energy efficient refurbishment. Atmos. Environ. 2012;62:336-343.

Shrubsole, C; Das, P; Milner, J; Hamilton, IG; Spadaro, JV; Oikonomou, E; Davies, M; Wilkinson, P. (2015) A tale of two cities: Comparison of impacts on CO2 emissions, the indoor environment and health of home energy efficiency strategies in London and Milton Keynes. Atmospheric Environment 120: 100-108.

Simonson, C.J., Salonvaara, M., Ojanen, T., 2002. The effect of structures on indoor humidity - possibility to improve comfort and perceived air quality. Indoor Air 12, 243-251. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0668.2002.01128.x

Smith, A., Pridmore, A., Hampshire, K., Ahlgren, C., Goodwin, J., 2017 (forthcoming). Scoping study on the co-benefits and possible adverse side effects of climate change mitigation: Final report. Report to DECC. Aether Ltd., Oxford.

Smith, A. (2013) The climate bonus: co-benefits of climate policy. Routledge, Abingdon.

Smith, A., Holland, M., Korkeala, O., Warmington, J., Forster, D., Apsimon, H., Oxley, T., Dickens, R. and Smith, S. 2015. "Health and environmental co-benefits and conflicts of actions to meet UK carbon targets. Climate Policy, DOI: 10.1080/14693062.2014.980212.

Snodin, H.M., 2008. Fuel Poverty in Great Britain, Germany, Denmark and Spain - relation to grid charging and renewable energy (No. Rep 1028/001/001A).

Sood, A., 2012. Indoor fuel exposure and the lung in both developing and developed countries: An update. Clin. Chest Med. 33, 649-665. doi:10.1016/j.ccm.2012.08.003

Sovacool, B.K., 2015. Fuel poverty, affordability, and energy justice in England: Policy insights from the Warm Front Program. Energy 93, 361-371.

Stechow, C. von, McCollum, D., Riahi, K., Minx, J.C., Kriegler, E., Vuuren, D.P. van, Jewell, J., Robledo-Abad, C., Hertwich, E., Tavoni, M., Mirasgedis, S., Lah, O., Roy, J., Mulugetta, Y., Dubash, N.K., Bollen, J., Ürge-Vorsatz, D., Edenhofer, O., 2015. Integrating Global Climate Change Mitigation Goals with Other Sustainability Objectives: A Synthesis. Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour. 40, 363-394. doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-021113-095626

Sutton, A., Black, D., Walker, P., 2011. Cross-laminated timber - An introduction to low-impact building materials.

Teedon, P., Gillespie, M., Lindsay, K., Baker, K., 2014. Parental perceptions of the impacts the built environment has on young children׳s health: A qualitative examination and lay assessment amongst residents in four Scottish communities. Health Place 28, 50-57. doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.03.010

Teubler, J., Bienge, K., Wiesen, K., 2015. Literature review on resource benefits.

Thermafleece, 2016. Thermafleece [ WWW Document].
URL (accessed 30.8.16).

Thomson, H., Petticrew, M., Douglas, M., 2003. Health impact assessment of housing improvements: incorporating research evidence. J. Epidemiol. Community Health 57, 11-16. doi:10.1136/jech.57.1.11

Thomson, H., Thomas, S., Sellstrom, E., Petticrew, M., 2013. Housing improvements for health and associated socio-economic outcomes. Cochrane Database Syst. Rev. CD008657. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD008657.pub2

Tod A.M. et al. (2012), "Understanding factors influencing vulnerable older people keeping warm and well in winter: a qualitative study using social marketing techniques", BMJ Open 20

Tzoulas, K., Korpela, K., Venn, S., Yli-Pelkonen, V., Kaźmierczak, A., Niemela, J., James, P., 2007. Promoting ecosystem and human health in urban areas using Green Infrastructure: A literature review. Landsc. Urban Plan. 81, 167-178. doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.02.001

UCL, 2016. HIDEEM [ WWW Document]. HIDEEM.
URL (accessed 30.8.16).

UCL, 2014. Demolition or Refurbishment of Social Housing? A review of the evidence.

Uhde, E., Salthammer, T., 2007. Impact of reaction products from building materials and furnishings on indoor air quality-A review of recent advances in indoor chemistry. Atmos. Environ., Indoor Air 2005 - 10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate (Part I) 41, 3111-3128. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.05.082

UNEP, 2008. Green jobs: towards decent work in a sustainable, low-carbon world.

Ürge-Vorsatz, D., Herrero, S.T., Dubash, N.K., Lecocq, F., 2014. Measuring the Co-Benefits of Climate Change Mitigation. Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour. 39, 549-582. doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-031312-125456

Vardoulakis, S., Dimitroulopoulou, C., Thornes, J., Lai, K.-M., Taylor, J., Myers, I., Heaviside, C., Mavrogianni, A., Shrubsole, C., Chalabi, Z., Davies, M., Wilkinson, P., 2015. Impact of climate change on the domestic indoor environment and associated health risks in the UK. Environ. Int. 85, 299-313. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2015.09.010

Verco, Cambridge Econometrics, 2014. Building the Future: The economic and fiscal impacts of making homes energy efficient. Verco, London.

von Stechow, C., Minx, J.C., Riahi, K., Jewell, J., McCollum, D.L., Callaghan, M.W., Bertram, C., Luderer, G., Baiocchi, G., 2016. 2 °C and SDGs: united they stand, divided they fall? Environ. Res. Lett. 11, 34022. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/3/034022

WHO, 2014. Unlocking new opportunities - Jobs in green and healthy transport.

World Health Organisation 2016, Metrics

Wilkinson, P., Smith, K.R., Davies, M., Adair, H., Armstrong, B.G., Barrett, M., Bruce, N., Haines, A., Hamilton, I., Oreszczyn, T., Ridley, I., Tonne, C., Chalabi, Z., 2009. Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: household energy. The Lancet 374, 1917-1929. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61713-X


Email: Debbie Sagar

Back to top