Publication - Consultation paper

Energy Efficient Scotland: the future of low carbon heat for off gas buildings - call for evidence

Published: 26 Mar 2019

We are seeking evidence on technologies and actions necessary to support the decarbonisation of the heat supply of buildings that currently do not use mains gas as their primary heating fuel.

52 page PDF

1.1 MB

52 page PDF

1.1 MB

Contents
Energy Efficient Scotland: the future of low carbon heat for off gas buildings - call for evidence
Footnotes

52 page PDF

1.1 MB

Footnotes

1. In 2017, Scottish House Condition Survey data reported 42% of homes achieved band C rating under SAP 2012, up from 35% in 2014. Using SAP 2009, 46% of dwellings were rated C or better, up 22 percentage points since 2010. In the same period, properties in the lowest EPC bands (E, F or G) have reduced from 27% in 2010 to 13% in 2017

2. BEIS (2018). Non-Domestic and Domestic Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) monthly deployment data. https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/renewable-heat-incentive-statistics

3. Our new Climate Change Bill strengthens our long term targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 90% by 2050. This will mean a 100% reduction in net carbon dioxide emissions by that date, meaning Scotland will be carbon neutral.

4. Scottish Climate Change Plan 2018: The Third Report on Proposals and Policies 2018-2032, see https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-governments-climate-change-plan-third-report-proposals-policies-2018/

5. CCC (2018). Reducing emissions in Scotland. 2018 Progress Report to Parliament, see https://www.theccc.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Reducing-emissions-in-Scotland-2018-Progress-Report-to-Parliament.pdf

6. Scottish Energy Strategy: The future of energy in Scotland (2017), see https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-energy-strategy-future-energy-scotland-9781788515276/

7. BEIS: Clean Growth: Transforming Heat. Overview of current evidence (2018), see https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/766109/decarbonising-heating.pdf

8. Scotland's electricity and gas networks: vision to 2030 (2019) https://www.gov.scot/publications/vision-scotlands-electricity-gas-networks-2030/

9. Heat Policy Statement: Towards decarbonising heat: Maximising the opportunities for Scotland, see https://www.gov.scot/publications/heat-policy-statement-towards-decarbonising-heat-maximising-opportunities-scotland/

10. Energy Efficient Scotland: route map (2018), see https://www.gov.scot/publications/energy-efficient-scotland-route-map/

11. The Scottish Fuel Poverty Statement sets out that a household is in fuel poverty if, in order to maintain a satisfactory heating regime, it would be required to spend more than 10% of its income on all household fuel use.

12. Citizens Advice Scotland (2018). Off- gas consumers: Updated information on households without mains gas heating, see https://www.cas.org.uk/publications/gas-consumers-updated-information-households-without-mains-gas-heating

13. Ibid

14. Energy Saving Trust, Renewable Heat in Scotland, 2017, see http://www.energysavingtrust.org.uk/sites/default/files/Renewable%20Heat%20Report%20%202018.pdf

15. Scottish House Condition Survey, 2017, Table 5, see https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-house-condition-survey-2017-key-findings/

16. Scottish House Condition Survey, 2017, Table 5, see https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-house-condition-survey-2017-key-findings/

17. ibid.

18. Ofgem (2015). Insights paper on households with electric and other non-gas heating, see https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/publications-and-updates/insights-paper-households-electric-and-other-non-gas-heating

19. No Scottish specific figures available

20. The Energy Efficiency Rating of a domestic property, as recorded within Energy Performance Certificates (EPC), takes account of both energy efficiency and fuel costs.

21. Citizens Advice Scotland (2018). Off- gas consumers: Updated information on households without mains gas heating, see https://www.cas.org.uk/publications/gas-consumers-updated-information-households-without-mains-gas-heating

22. A SAP calculation indicates a score from 1 to 100+ for the annual energy cost, where the higher the score the lower the running costs, with 100 representing zero energy cost. Dwellings with a rating in excess of 100 are net exporters of energy.

23. Scotland's Non-Domestic Energy Efficiency Baseline, 2018, see https://www.gov.scot/publications/scotlands-non-domestic-energy-efficiency-baseline/

24. Note that non-domestic EPC assessments follow a different methodology to domestic EPC assessments and therefore ratings are not directly comparable. See https://www.gov.scot/publications/scotlands-non-domestic-energy-efficiency-baseline/

25. BEIS (2018). Non-Domestic and Domestic Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) monthly deployment data. https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/renewable-heat-incentive-statistics

26. BEIS (2018). Non-Domestic and Domestic Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) monthly deployment data. Number of accreditations for low carbon technologies in the non-domestic sector are not available at a Scottish specific level.

27. Home Energy Efficiency Programmes for Scotland Delivery Report 2016/17 – published June 2018

28. These statistics are based on cost data reported to Ofgem as part of the RHI application process. RHI statisticians have removed outliers in order produce a best estimate of average costs. Users should be aware that the data is self-reported and not validated as part of the application process.

29. Committee on Climate Change (2016). Next steps for UK heat policy, see https://www.theccc.org.uk/publication/next-steps-for-uk-heat-policy/

30. Imperial College Centre for Energy Policy and Technology (2016). Managing Heat System Decarbonisation, see https://www.imperial.ac.uk/media/imperial-college/research-centres-and-groups/icept/Heat-infrastructure-paper.pdf

31. Delta – EE (2018). Technical Feasibility of Electric Heating in Rural Off-Gas Grid Dwellings, see https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/electric-heating-in-rural-off-gas-grid-dwellings-technical-feasibility

32. ClimateXChange (2017). Heat Generation Technology Landscaping Study, Scotland's Energy Efficiency Programme (SEEP), see https://www.climatexchange.org.uk/media/1337/technology_landscaping_report-heat_technology.pdf

33. BEIS (2016). Evidence gathering – Low Carbon Heating Technologies Domestic High Temperature Heat Pumps, see https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/evidence-gathering-high-temperature-heat-pumps-hybrid-heat-pumps-and-gas-driven-heat-pumps

34. BEIS (2018). Non-Domestic and Domestic Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) monthly deployment data, see https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/renewable-heat-incentive-statistics

35. Committee on Climate Change (2015). Sectoral scenarios for the Fifth Carbon Budget Technical report, see https://www.theccc.org.uk/publication/sectoral-scenarios-for-the-fifth-carbon-budget-technical-report/

36. Imperial College London (2018). Analysis of Alternative UK Heat Decarbonisation Pathways, see https://www.theccc.org.uk/publication/analysis-of-alternative-uk-heat-decarbonisation-pathways/

37. Committee on Climate Change (2018). Hydrogen in a low carbon economy, see https://www.theccc.org.uk/publication/hydrogen-in-a-low-carbon-economy/

38. Element Energy (2017). Hybrid Heat Pumps, see https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/hybrid-heat-pumps-study

39. Ofgem (2015). Insights paper on households with electric and other non-gas heating, see https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/publications-and-updates/insights-paper-households-electric-and-other-non-gas-heating

40. No Scottish specific figures available

41. http://www.ninessmartgrid.co.uk/our-trials/demand-side-management/components-of-domestic-demand-side-management/

42. http://sse.com/newsandviews/allarticles/2015/03/isle-of-mull-to-trial-innovative-grid-connection-model/

43. Delta – EE (2016): Electrification of heat and the impact on the Scottish electricity system, see https://www.climatexchange.org.uk/media/1897/electrification_of_heat_and_impact_on_scottish_electricity_system_-_final_report1.pdf

44. National Energy Action (2017). Heat Decarbonisation Potential impacts on social equity and fuel poverty, see http://www.nea.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Heat-Decarbonisation-Report-September-2017.pdf

45. BEIS, Non-Domestic and Domestic Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) monthly deployment data: November 2018, see https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/renewable-heat-incentive-statistics

46. Committee on Climate Change (2018). Biomass in a low carbon economy, see https://www.theccc.org.uk/publication/biomass-in-a-low-carbon-economy/

47. Policy Exchange (2016). Too hot to handle? How to decarbonise domestic heating, see https://policyexchange.org.uk/publication/too-hot-to-handle/

48. BEIS, Heat Networks guidance, see https://www.gov.uk/guidance/heat-networks-overview

49. Committee on Climate Change (2018). Hydrogen in a low carbon economy see https://www.theccc.org.uk/publication/hydrogen-in-a-low-carbon-economy/

50. SGN, Hydrogen 100 project, see https://www.sgn.co.uk/Hydrogen-100/

51. HyDeploy project, see https://hydeploy.co.uk/

52. There are currently 36 live infill projects looking at extending gas network provision to new areas in Scotland, which could potentially connect 4,719 new properties to the gas mains. These are driven by the economic advantages for consumers of using gas to heat their homes and businesses rather than oil, solid fuels or electricity, with around 1,700 supported by the Fuel Poor Network Extension Scheme

53. Scotland's electricity and gas networks: vision to 2030 (2019) https://www.gov.scot/publications/vision-scotlands-electricity-gas-networks-2030/

54. UK Government - Solar PV cost data: median cost of panels of different size bands, adjusted for inflation using UK GDP deflator (https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/solar-pv-cost-data)

55. Citizens Advice Scotland (2018). Off- gas consumers: Updated information on households without mains gas heating, see https://www.cas.org.uk/publications/gas-consumers-updated-information-households-without-mains-gas-heating

56. Scottish House Condition Survey, 2017. Table 36

57. Such as the transition from manufactured gas to natural gas in the second half of the 20th century.

58. Scottish Building Regulations: Review of Energy Standards: 'Call for Evidence', see https://consult.gov.scot/local-government-and-communities/building-standards-energy/

59. Competition and Market Authority. Heat Networks market study (2018), see https://www.gov.uk/cma-cases/heat-networks-market-study


Contact

Email: lowcarbonfuture@gov.scot