Publication - Corporate report

Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009 - section 72 operation: eleventh annual report

Information and conclusions fulfilling our annual reporting requirements on the operation Section 3F of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997.

48 page PDF

797.4 kB

48 page PDF

797.4 kB

Contents
Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009 - section 72 operation: eleventh annual report
8 Annex – Adopted Section 3F Policies to 31 December 2020

48 page PDF

797.4 kB

8 Annex – Adopted Section 3F Policies to 31 December 2020

1. Aberdeen City Local Development Plan (adopted January 2017)

Policy R7 - Low and Zero Carbon Buildings and Water Efficiency

Low and Zero Carbon Buildings

All new buildings, must meet at least 20% of the building regulations carbon dioxide emissions reduction target applicable at the time of the application through the installation of low and zero carbon generating technology. This percentage requirement will be increased as specified in Supplementary Guidance.

This requirement does not apply to:

1. Alterations and extensions to buildings;
2. Change of use or conversion of buildings;
3. Ancillary buildings that are stand-alone having an area less than 50 square metres;
4. Buildings which will not be heated or cooled, other than by heating provided
5. Solely for the purpose of frost protection; or Buildings which have an intended life of less than two years.

2. Aberdeenshire Local Development Plan (adopted April 2017)

Policy C1 Using resources in buildings

All developments must be designed to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. Proposals should aim, wherever feasible, to achieve a Gold sustainability label under section 7 of the building standards technical handbook and by 2019 a platinum label.

Appropriate standards for water efficiency to achieve both environmental protection (particularly to avoid any adverse effect on the interest of the River Dee Special Area of Conservation) and to reduce energy costs should also be applied. For water efficiency, a Gold Sustainability level would apply and a BREEAM level 5 standard for non-domestic buildings. Limited exceptions may apply but all proposals must at least meet the standards established through the current building regulations.*

A target increasing over time in the range 15-30% of the CO2 reduction should be achieved through installing low or zero-carbon energy generating technologies in new development and this will be applied.

The master planning process for major new development should assess the feasibility of meeting the standard in part through a district heating scheme. This should include the appropriate infrastructure in at least so far as from the edge of the development site to a location adjacent to the rising main of each property for the future installation of metered heat. In areas not served by gas, consideration should be given to alternative technologies such as hot rock geothermal or biomass sources.

If it is clearly demonstrated that no suitable low and zero-carbon generating technologies are appropriate, the full carbon reduction requirement must be achieved through energy efficiency measures. Alterations, extensions, changes of use or conversion of existing buildings, development of ancillary buildings of less than 50 square meters, or buildings heated solely to provide frost protection are exempt from these requirements. Buildings with an intended life of less than 2 years are also exempted from the requirements of this policy.

An Energy Statement should be submitted at the planning applicationstage to demonstrate how the proposed development will satisfy the requirements of this policy. Suspensive conditions may also be used to deliver this policy to avoid any unnecessary delays in processing planning applications.

* The Council will prepare guidance on the detail of this policy specifically the standards that would apply and where exceptions might be made including to take account of financial viability. The guidance would also set out the circumstances and timescales in applying an increase in the target for low or zero carbon generating technologies and the parameters for assessing the feasibility of district heating schemes in major developments.

3. Angus Local Development Plan (adopted September 2016)

Policy PV11 Energy Efficiency - Low and Zero Carbon Buildings

All qualifying new buildings must demonstrate that the installation and operation of low and zero-carbon generating technologies will avoid at least 10% of the projected greenhouse gas emissions from their use by 2016, and at least 15% by 2018.

This requirement does not apply to extensions, changes or use or conversion of buildings; stand-alone ancillary buildings under 50 sqm; buildings with a planned life of less than two years or which will not be heated or cooled for purposes other than frost protection. Development proposals should be accompanied by a statement of the level of sustainability achieved to demonstrate compliance with the above standards. Development proposals should also consider energy efficiency measures where possible including:

  • siting, form, orientation and layout of buildings to maximise solar gain,
  • natural ventilation and light;
  • the use of landscaping and boundary treatment to modify temperature extremes such as shelter belts;
  • and the re-use and/or local sourcing of building materials.

4. Cairngorms National Park Local Development Plan (adopted 2015)

Policy 3: Sustainable Design

1 Design statements

A design statement must accompany all development proposals to demonstrate how the proposal has been designed to:

a) minimise the effect of the development on climate change in terms of siting, construction and once complete – to achieve at least the minimum standard in compliance with those set out in the Building Standards Technical Handbook; and
b) be sympathetic to the traditional pattern and character of the surrounding area, local vernacular and local distinctiveness, whilst encouraging innovation in design and use of materials; and
c) use materials and landscaping that will complement the setting of the development; and
d) make sustainable use of resources, (including the minimisation of energy, waste, and water usage), within the future maintenance arrangements, and for any decommissioning which may be necessary - to achieve at least the minimum standard in compliance with those set out in the Building Standards Technical Handbook; and
e) enable the storage, segregation and collection of recyclable materials and make provision for composting; and
f) promote sustainable transport methods including making provision for the storage of bicycles, and reducing the overall need to travel;
g) improve or add to existing public and amenity open space; and
h) maintain and maximise all opportunities for responsible outdoor access, including links into the existing path network. All developments will be consistent with the Core Paths Plan;
i) protect the amenity enjoyed by neighbours including minimisation of disturbance caused by access to the development site; and
j) include an appropriate means of access, egress, levels of private amenity ground, and space for off-street parking; and
k) create opportunities to further biodiversity and promote ecological interest.

Policy 3: Sustainable Design Non-statutory Guidance[25]

6. All new developments must meet the minimum energy standards set out by the Building (Scotland) Regulations in the Building Standards Technical Handbook. It is mandatory for all buildings to achieve a bronze level of the sustainability labelling scheme, however opportunities to achieve bronze active and above through good design and the use of low and zero carbon generating technologies (LZCGT) are actively encouraged.

5. Clackmannanshire Local Development Plan (adopted August 2015)

Policy SC7 - Energy Efficiency and Low Carbon Development

This policy sets out the Council's expectations with regards to the energy efficiency of new buildings. All new buildings must achieve a minimum of 15% of the carbon dioxide emission reduction standards (as set by the relevant Scottish Buildings Standards at the time of the proposed development) through the use of Low and Zero Carbon Generating Technologies (LZCGTs). This proportion will increase to 20% from the beginning of 2018, and will thereafter be kept under review.

Planning applications for all new buildings must be supported by a statement which demonstrates how the level of carbon dioxide emissions reduction will be achieved through the use of LZCGTs and through the use of appropriate design, materials and construction. Once built, a sustainability label that includes the level of carbon dioxide emissions reduction achieved shall be affixed to the building.

The Council will encourage development proposals that seek to achieve a higher level of carbon dioxide emissions reduction than that required by this policy. Achievement of a higher level of carbon dioxide emissions reduction will be treated as a material consideration in determining any planning application.

SG7 (Energy Efficiency and Low Carbon Development) details how energy efficiency standards should be met in new development and explains limitations and exemptions.

The Council will review this policy and its associated supplementary guidance in the event of any changes in Scottish Government policies or legislation. See also: SC5, SC13. Clackmannanshire supplementary guidance 7 – energy efficiency and low carbon development (august 2015) – contains further information on this policy.

6. Dundee City Local Development Plan (adopted 15 February 2019)

Policy 48: Low and Zero Carbon Technology in New Development

Proposals for all new buildings will be required to demonstrate that a proportion of the carbon emissions reduction standard set by Scottish Building Standards will be met through the installation and operation of low and zero carbon generating technologies. The relevant Building Standards and percentage contribution required is set out in supplementary guidance. The supplementary guidance will be kept under review to ensure the proportion of the carbon emissions reduction standard to be met by these technologies will increase over time.

This requirement applies to all new buildings with the following exceptions:

1) Alterations and extensions to buildings.
2) Change of use or conversion of buildings.
3) Ancillary buildings that stand alone and cover an area less than 50 square metres. 4) Buildings which will not be heated or cooled, other than by heating provided solely for frost protection.
4) Buildings which have an intended life of less than two years.

A statement will be required to be submitted with an application for planning permission to demonstrate compliance with this requirement.

7. Dumfries and Galloway Local Development Plan (adopted 3 October 2019)

Policy OP1: Development Considerations - f) Sustainability

Development proposals should limit the impacts of climate change, support resilience, and promote sustainable development by:

  • assisting the development of the local economy through sustainable economic growth;
  • minimising adverse impacts on water, air and soil quality;
  • reusing and/or regenerating previously used land and property, including derelict and contaminated land;
  • making the most efficient use of land. This means looking for and where practical making use of opportunities to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, including low carbon district heating networks;
  • integrating with existing infrastructure where possible;
  • supporting the Scottish Government's Zero Waste objectives and the Council's waste resource management objectives;
  • avoiding areas of significant flood risk;
  • using sustainable drainage systems (SuDS);
  • supporting reduction in carbon emissions through:
    • a reduction in carbon dioxide emissions through the introduction of energy efficiency measures and, where feasible, the installation of on-site renewable energy generation technology (information on this matter is provided in supplementary guidance: Design Quality and Placemaking);
    • passive aspects of design, including consideration of: location, layout, orientation, massing, materials, detailed design, topography, and vegetation; and
    • all new buildings being required to demonstrate that a proportion of the carbon emissions reduction standard set by Scottish Building Regulations will be met through the installation and operation of low and zero carbon technologies. The relevant building standards and percentage contribution required is set out in supplementary guidance. The supplementary guidance will be kept under review to ensure that the proportion of the carbon emissions reduction standard to be met by these technologies will increase over time.*

* Supplementary guidance provides further detail on this including its application to existing buildings and the circumstances where exceptions should apply.

8. East Ayrshire Local Development Plan (adopted April 2017)

Low and Zero Carbon Buildings

Policy ENV 14 Low and Zero Carbon Buildings

In order to meet with the requirements of Section 3F of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997 (as amended), development proposals will be required to incorporate low and zero carbon generating technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Proposals for all new buildings will require to demonstrate that at least 10% of the carbon emissions reduction standard set by the Scottish Building Standards (2010) will be met through the installation and operation of zero carbon generating technologies. This percentage will increase to 15% from the beginning of 2019 and will be reviewed in 2021.

These requirements will not apply to:

I. Alterations and extensions to existing buildings;
II. Change of use or conversion of existing buildings;
III. Ancillary buildings that are 'stand-alone' and have an area of less than 50 sqm;
IV. Buildings which will not be heated or cooled, other than by heating to protect from frost; or
V. Buildings which have an intended life of less than two years.

Compliance with this requirement will be demonstrated by the submission of a low carbon development statement.

9. East Dunbartonshire Council Local Development Plan (adopted February 2017)

Policy 15. Renewable Energy and Low-Carbon Technology

Development will support the change to a low-carbon economy by ensuring that all new development reduces emissions and energy use in new buildings and considers the potential to develop heat networks. Energy infrastructure proposals should follow criteria for location, siting and design. The location of a wind farm proposal should be guided by the spatial framework for wind-farm development. Proposals should consider the need for restoration and aftercare, and relevant Supplementary Guidance. The following sections set out the detailed policy criteria for these aspects:

Reducing Emissions and Energy Use in New Buildings

Development proposals will reduce emissions and energy use by contributing to energy efficiency, heat recovery, efficient energy supply and storage, electricity and heat from renewable sources, and heat from non-renewable sources where greenhouse gas emissions can be significantly reduced.

Proposals for all new buildings will be required to demonstrate that at least 10% of the carbon emissions-reduction standard set by Scottish Building Standards will be met through the installation and operation of low and zero carbon-generating technologies. This percentage will increase to 15% from the beginning of 2016 and will be reviewed in 2018.

The developments exempt from the above standards are buildings exempt from building regulations, alterations and extensions to buildings, changes of use and conversion of buildings.

A low to zero-carbon development statement will be required to demonstrate compliance with this emissions-reduction standard. Supplementary Guidance: Design and Placemaking will include guidance on the standards and what to include in this statement.

10. East Lothian Local Development Plan (adopted September 2018)

SEH1: Sustainable Energy and Heat

The Council supports the principles of the 'energy hierarchy' and promotes energy-efficient design in new development. Community heating schemes are encouraged where they would not harm amenity and could co-exist satisfactorily with existing or proposed uses in the area. Applicants are encouraged to submit an Energy Statement indicating how such matters have been addressed. Where a district heat network exists or is planned, developments should include appropriate infrastructure for connection or safeguards to allow future connection. In particular, the Council supports the principle of the creation of district heat networks at Millerhill/Craighall, at Oxwellmains, Dunbar and at Cockenzie provided they would not harm amenity and could co-exist satisfactorily with existing or proposed uses in the area. Proposals in these areas must not prejudice the potential for heat networks to be developed. The council supports the principle of combined heat and power schemes and energy generation from renewable or low carbon sources.

Policy SEH2: Low and Zero Carbon Generating Technologies

All new buildings must include Low and Zero Carbon Generating Technologies (LZCGT) to meet the energy requirements of Scottish Building Standards, except for the following:

  • Alterations and extensions to buildings;
  • Changes of use or conversion of buildings;
  • An ancillary building that is stand-alone, having an area less than 50 square metres;
  • Buildings which will not be heated or cooled other than by heating provided solely for the purpose of frost protection;
  • Buildings which have an intended life of less than two years;
  • Any other buildings exempt from Building Standards.

Compliance with this requirement shall be demonstrated through obtaining an 'active' sustainability label through Building Standards and submission of calculations indicating the SAP Dwelling Emissions Rate (DER) or SBEM Buildings Emissions Rate (BER) with and without the use of the LZCGT. LZCGT shall reduce the DER/BER by at least 10%, rising to at least 15% for applications validated on or after 1 April 2019. For larger developments, encouragement.

11. East Renfrewshire Local Development Plan (adopted June 2015)

Policy E2: Energy Efficiency

7.3.1. All new buildings must be designed so that at least 10% of the carbon dioxide emissions reductions standard, set by Scottish Building Standards, is met by the installation and operation of low and zero carbon generating technologies. This percentage will increase to 15% by the beginning of 2015, and may be changed again during the lifetime of this plan following any reviews of Scottish Building Standards.

7.3.2. Other solutions will be considered where:

  • an applicant is able to demonstrate that there are significant technical constraints in using on-site low and zero-carbon generating technologies; or
  • where there is likely to be an adverse impact on the historic environment; or
  • where development of the following types is proposed: extensions to existing buildings, buildings which have an intended life of less than two years, stand-alone ancillary buildings with an area of less than 50 sqm, or buildings which will not be heated or cooled other than for the purposes of frost protection.

7.3.3. Further detailed information and guidance is provided in the Energy Efficient Design Supplementary Planning Guidance (June 2015).

12. Edinburgh Local Development Plan (adopted November 2016)

Policy Des 6 Sustainable Buildings

Planning permission will only be granted for new development where it has been demonstrated that:

a) the current carbon dioxide emissions reduction target has been met, with at least half of this target met through the use of low and zero carbon generating technologies.
b) other features are incorporated that will reduce or minimise environmental resource use and impact, for example:

I. measures to promote water conservation
II. sustainable urban drainage measures that will ensure that there will be no increase in rate of surface water run-off in peak conditions or detrimental impact on the water environment. This should include green roofs on sites where measures on the ground are not practical
III. provision of facilities for the separate collection of dry recyclable waste and food waste
IV. maximum use of materials from local and/or sustainable sources
V. measures to support and encourage the use of sustainable transport, particularly cycling, including cycle parking and other supporting facilities such as showers.

13. Falkirk Local Development Plan (adopted August 2020)

Policy Low and Zero Carbon Development

1. All new buildings should incorporate on-site low and zero carbon-generating technologies (LZCGT) to meet a proportion of the overall energy requirements. Applicants must demonstrate that 12% of the overall reduction in CO2 emissions as required by Building Standards has been achieved via on-site LZCGT. This proportion will be increased as part of subsequent reviews of the LDP. All proposals must be accompanied by an Energy Statement which demonstrates compliance with this policy. Should proposals not include LZCGT, the Energy Statement must set out the technical or practical constraints which limit the application of LZCGT. Further guidance is contained in Supplementary Guidance SG14 Renewable and Low Carbon Energy. Exclusions from the requirements of this policy are:

  • Proposals for change of use or conversion of buildings;
  • Alterations and extensions to buildings;
  • Stand-alone buildings that are ancillary and have an area less than 50 square metres;
  • Buildings which will not be heated or cooled other than by heating provided solely for the purpose of frost protection;
  • Temporary buildings with consent for 2 years or less; and
  • Where implementation of the requirement would have an adverse impact on the historic environment as detailed in the Energy Statement or accompanying Design Statement.

2. The design and layout of development should, as far as possible, seek to minimise energy requirements through the other sustainability aspects of the current Sections 6 and 7 of the current Building Standards Technical Handbook.

14. Fife Local Development Plan (adopted February 2017 and FifePlan [adopted September 2017], which complements the LDP)

Policy 11: Low Carbon

Sustainable Buildings

Planning permission will only be granted for new development where it has been demonstrated that:

1) The proposal meets the current carbon dioxide emissions reduction target (as set out by Scottish Building Standards), and that low and zero carbon generating technologies will contribute at least 15% of these savings from 2016 and at least 20% from 2020. Statutory supplementary guidance will provide additional advice on compliance with this requirement;
2) Construction materials come from local or sustainable sources;
3) Water conservation measures are in place;
4) sustainable urban drainage measures will ensure that there will be no increase in the rate of surface water run-off in peak conditions or detrimental impact on the ecological quality of the water environment; and
5) Facilities are provided for the separate collection of dry recyclable waste and food waste.

All development should encourage and facilitate the use of sustainable transport appropriate to the development, promoting in the following order of priority: walking, cycling, public transport, cars.

The council will produce statutory supplementary guidance on low carbon energy schemes, including wind energy. This shall be submitted to Ministers within 12 months of the date of the adoption of the plan. The guidance will accord with the current Scottish Planning Policy, and will set out the detailed policy considerations against which all proposals for low carbon energy schemes, including wind energy, will be assessed, based on those considerations set out above.

15. Glasgow City Development Plan (adopted March 2017)

CDP 5 Resource Management

Low and Zero-Carbon Generating Technologies

New buildings should also include low and zero-carbon generating technologies (LZCGT) to offset a proportion of emissions arising from the use of the buildings, as specified in the table below.

All buildings must receive an appropriate sustainability label as per the Building Standards Technical Handbook Section 7: Sustainability.

As a minimum, the specified level of sustainability for a dwelling or non-domestic property, at the planning application submission date, should be as set out in Table 3.

Table 3 Required levels of sustainability for proposed domestic and non-domestic properties

Submission Date Domestic and Non-domestic Properties
2014 Bronze Active – the baseline level for sustainability achieved where the building meets the functional standards set out in Sections 1-6 of the Technical Handbook and includes a minimum 10% carbon dioxide emissions abatement through the use of Low and Zero-Carbon Generating Technology (LZCGT).
2016 Silver Active – where the building complies with the Silver Active level in each of the 8 aspects in the handbook and includes a minimum 15% carbon dioxide emissions abatement through the use of LZCGT.
2018 Gold – where the building complies with the Gold level in each of the 8 aspects in the handbook and includes a minimum 20% carbon dioxide emissions abatement through the use of LZCGT.

SG [supplementary guidance] 5supports the above policy by providing guidance on the use and derivation of energy and the processing of waste in new development. Accordingly, SG5 includes advice on:

  • the production of renewable energy and heat (including different sources and, where appropriate, favoured locations), its use in new development and how new proposals will be assessed;
  • more efficiently using, and distributing, energy and heat, including through heat mapping and district heating;
  • designing new development to reduce energy use including, if appropriate, urban lighting;
  • the use of low and zero carbon generating technologies (including different sources) in new development;
  • the means by which the impact of new energy/heat proposals will be assessed;
  • sub-surface infrastructure;
  • on-shore oil and gas extraction and the means by which its land use implications will be assessed;
  • energy and carbon master planning; and
  • the means by which proposals for new waste management facilities will be assessed.

16. Highland Wide Local Development Plan (adopted 5 April 2012)

Policy 28: Sustainable Design

The Council will support developments which promote and enhance the social, economic and environmental wellbeing of the people of Highland.

Proposed developments will be assessed on the extent to which they:

  • are compatible with public service provision (water and sewerage, drainage, roads, schools, electricity);
  • are accessible by public transport, cycling and walking as well as car;
  • maximise energy efficiency in terms of location, layout and design, including the utilisation of renewable sources of energy and heat;
  • are affected by physical constraints described in Physical Constraints on Development: Supplementary Guidance;
  • make use of brownfield sites, existing buildings and recycled materials;
  • demonstrate that they have sought to minimise the generation of waste during the construction and operational phases. (This can be submitted through a Site Waste Management Plan);
  • impact on individual and community residential amenity;
  • impact on non-renewable resources such as mineral deposits of potential commercial value, prime quality agricultural land, or approved routes for road and rail links;
  • impact on the following resources, including pollution and discharges, particularly within designated areas:
    • habitats
    • freshwater systems
    • species
    • marine systems
    • landscape
    • cultural heritage
    • scenery
    • air quality;
  • demonstrate sensitive siting and high quality design in keeping with local character and historic and natural environment and in making use of appropriate materials;
  • promote varied, lively and well-used environments which will enhance community safety and security and reduce any fear of crime;
  • accommodate the needs of all sectors of the community, including people with disabilities or other special needs and disadvantaged groups; and
  • contribute to the economic and social development of the community.

Developments which are judged to be significantly detrimental in terms of the above criteria will not accord with this local development plan. All development proposals must demonstrate compatibility with the Sustainable Design Guide: Supplementary Guidance, which requires that all developments should:

  • conserve and enhance the character of the Highland area;
  • use resources efficiently;
  • minimise the environmental impact of development;
  • enhance the viability of Highland communities.

Compatibility should be demonstrated through the submission of a Sustainable Design Statement where required to do so by the Guidance.

All developments must comply with the greenhouse gas emissions requirements of the Sustainable Design Guide.

In the relatively rare situation of assessing development proposals where the potential impacts are uncertain, but where there are scientific grounds for believing that severe damage could occur either to the environment or the wellbeing of communities, the Council will apply the precautionary principle.

Where environmental and/or socio-economic impacts of a proposed development are likely to be significant by virtue of nature, size or location, The Council will require the preparation by developers of appropriate impact assessments. Developments that will have significant adverse effects will only be supported if no reasonable alternatives exist, if there is demonstrable over-riding strategic benefit or if satisfactory overall mitigating measures are incorporated.

Highland Sustainable Design Guide Supplementary Guidance (adopted 16 January 2013)

Incorporating small-scale renewable or low-carbon energy systems into developments or individual buildings can make significant reductions in CO2 emissions. Examples include:

  • Small-scale standalone wind turbines;
  • Solar thermal heating panels;
  • Solar energy photovoltaic cells, tiles and panels;
  • Air, ground, or water source heat pumps;
  • Small scale hydro-electric schemes;
  • Biomass heating systems;
  • Anaerobic digesters/biogas.

When considering incorporating these technologies into developments or individual buildings there are a range of planning considerations and constraints, and a suite of applicable policies and guidance, therefore pre application advice should be sought.

Community heating schemes should be considered for small-scale developments of two or three buildings as well as for larger-scale developments. Larger-scale developments should also consider the use of a combined heat and power scheme (CHP).

Checklist:

Sustainable Design Checklist Minimum Standards Relevant Policies & Additional Guidance
8. Renewable energy Has the energy demand for the development been calculated to determine: A. The amount of low or zero carbon technology e.g. wind, solar, hydro, photovoltaic (PV), Combined Heat and Power (CHP) that is practicable to meet the extant Building Standards CO2 emissions reduction target. B. The % of total site energy demand that will be produced from on-site renewable energy technologies. C. Meeting the remaining energy demand efficiently, e.g. non-renewable or waste powered district heating and cooling. A-C is required only where the development is 500m2 or over. The CO2 emissions reduction target should be met through a combination of on-site low or zero carbon technologies (LZCT) and other appropriate measures. The amount of low or zero carbon technologies (LZCT) employed will depend on the technical constraints and scale of the proposed development. Climate Change (Scotland) Act Scottish Planning Policy (SPP) A Low Carbon Building Standards Strategy for Scotland Scottish Building Standards

17. Inverclyde Local Development Plan (adopted 26 August 2019)

Policy 6 – Low And Zero Carbon Generating Technology

Support will be given to all new buildings designed to ensure that at least 15% of the

carbon dioxide emissions reduction standard set by Scottish Building Standards is

met through the installation and operation of low and zero-carbon generating technologies. This percentage will increase to at least 20% by the end of 2022.

Other solutions will be considered where:

(a) it can be demonstrated that there are significant technical constraints to using on-site low and zero-carbon generating technologies; and
(b) there is likely to be an adverse impact on the historic environment.

*This requirement will not apply to those exceptions set out in Standard 6.1 of the 2017 Domestic and Non-Domestic Technical Handbooks associated with the Building (Scotland) Regulations 2004, or to equivalent exceptions set out in later versions of the handbook.

18. Loch Lomond and Trossachs Local Development Plan (adopted December 2016)

Overarching Policy 2

Development proposals should not conflict with nearby land uses and where relevant, must address the following requirements:

Climate Friendly Design: demonstrate how proposed buildings will meet a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions through;

a) Minimising overall energy requirements through conservation measures, and
b) Incorporating on-site low and zero carbon generating technologies to meet 10% of the overall energy requirements of the building rising to 20% by December 2021.

19. Midlothian Local Development Plan (adopted November 2017)

Policy NRG 3

Energy Use and Low & Zero-Carbon Generating Technology

Through attention to location, development mix, phasing, site and building layout and adaptability of buildings to future use, demand for energy should be limited.

Shelter and passive solar gain should be optimised in this regard. Conventional air conditioning should be avoided, as far as reasonable, through passive design including natural ventilation, vegetation and external summer shading.

Each new building shall incorporate low and/or zero-carbon generating technology in order to meet the minimum carbon dioxide emission reduction target of the 2015, and any subsequent revision to, Building Regulations. The Council encourages all proposals for new development to incorporate measures to achieve the higher levels of sustainability, as defined by the Building Regulations.

Policy NRG 4

Interpretation of Policy NRG3

For the purpose of policy NRG3, the buildings subject to low and/ or zero-carbon generating technology (LZCGT) requirements and greenhouse gases referred to are limited to those within the scope of the relevant CO2 emissions standard under the Building Regulations. Where LZCGT is the main heating source and the Building Regulations methodology includes an option for that technology to be used as such, a special Target Emissions Rate shall be used based on the main heating being mains gas with a 90% efficient boiler. The percentage reduction is then assessed by reference to this special Target Emissions Rate. The 'floor-area-weighted average' approach in the Building Regulations CO2 emissions standard (for buildings with multiple dwellings such as a block of flats or terrace of houses) may be adopted.

Policy NRG3's LZCGT requirements shall not apply in the case of:

A. Buildings where technical constraints preclude incorporation, in which case active energy efficiency measures (e.g. heat exchange recovery systems) should be used unless also precluded by technical constraints.
B. The applicant shall evidence any such constraints. On their own, financial considerations do not constitute a technical constraint here; buildings in respect of which community heating pipework is installed with a view to connection at a later date (see policy NRG6);
C. Section 3F of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997 no longer being in force.

20. Moray Development Plan 2 (adopted July 2020)

DP1 Development Principles

(i) Design

j) All developments must be designed so as to ensure that all new buildings avoid a specified and rising proportion of the projected greenhouse gas emissions from their use (calculated on the basis of the approved design and plans for the specific development) through the installation and operation of low and zero-carbon generating technologies.

21. North Ayrshire Local Development Plan (28 November 2019)

Policy 29: Energy Infrastructure Development

Buildings: Low and Zero Carbon Generating Technology

Proposals for all new buildings will be required to demonstrate that at least 10% of the current carbon emissions reduction set by Scottish Building Standards will be met through the installation and operation of low and zero-carbon generating technologies. A statement will be required to be submitted demonstrating compliance with this requirement. The percentage will increase at the next review of the local development plan. This requirement will not apply to:

2. Alterations and extensions to buildings
3. Change of use or conversion of buildings
4. Ancillary buildings that stand alone and cover an area less than 50 square metres 4. Buildings which will not be heated or cooled, other than by heating provided solely for frost protection.
5. Buildings which have an intended life of less than two years.

22. Orkney Local Development Plan (adopted April 2017)*

Policy 1 Criteria for All Development

1.1 In working toward achieving the Plan's vision for Orkney, planning applications will be assessed against all policies in the Plan. The purpose of this overarching policy is to set out the key guiding principles that will be a consideration in the assessment of all planning applications.

1.2 Where it is essential to make a proposal acceptable in planning terms, Developer Contributions will be sought toward upgrades to existing, and the provision of new, infrastructure. Contributions may be sought toward transport infrastructure, active travel network, schools, waste facilities, open space provision, strategic flood risk defences. Details of where contributions are required will be set out within the relevant settlement statement, development brief or masterplan.

Development will be supported where:

i. It is sited and designed taking into consideration the location and the wider townscape, landscape and coastal character;
ii. The proposed density of the development is appropriate to the location;
iii. It is not prejudicial to the effective development of, or existing use of, the wider area;
iv. The amenity of the surrounding area is preserved and there are no unacceptable adverse impacts on the amenity of adjacent and nearby properties/users;
v. It would not create an unacceptable burden on existing infrastructure and services that cannot be resolved;
vi. It does not result in an unacceptable level of risk to public health and safety;
vii. It is resource efficient and utilises sustainable construction technologies, techniques and materials and, where practicable, low and zero carbon generating technologies are installed;
viii. It facilitates the prevention, reuse, recycling, energy recovery and disposal of waste, including where relevant, the use of Site Waste Management Plans;
ix. It protects and where possible enhances and promotes access to natural heritage, including green infrastructure, landscape and the wider environment; and
x. It protects and where possible enhances Orkney's cultural heritage resources.

23. Perth and Kinross Local Development Plan (adopted 29 November 2019)

Policy 32: Embedding Low and Zero Carbon Generating Technology in New Development

Proposals for all new buildings will be required to demonstrate that at least 10% of the current carbon emissions reduction set by Scottish Building Standards will be met through the installation and operation of low and zero-carbon generating technologies. A statement will be required to be submitted demonstrating compliance with this requirement. The percentage will increase at the next review of the local development plan. This requirement will not apply to the following developments:

  • Alterations and extensions to buildings.
  • Change of use or conversion of buildings.
  • Ancillary buildings that stand alone and cover an area less than 50 square metres.
  • Buildings which will not be heated or cooled, other than by heating provided solely for frost protection.
  • Buildings which have an intended life of less than two years.

24. Renfrewshire Local Development Plan (adopted 28 August 2014)

Policy I7 – Low Carbon Developments

All new buildings, with exception of those listed below, shall in meeting building regulation energy requirements, install technology that produces low or no amounts of carbon dioxide emissions, to reduce the predicted emissions by at least 15% below 2007 building standards. The developments exempt from the above standards are as follows:

  • Buildings exempt from building regulations;
  • Alterations and extensions to buildings;
  • Changes of use or conversion of buildings;
  • An ancillary building that is stand-alone, having an area less than 50 square metres;
  • Buildings which will not be heated or cooled other than by heating provided solely for the purpose of frost protection;
  • Buildings which have an intended life of less than two years.

The submission of a statement will be required to demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Council that this requirement can be met or setting out the reasons why it is neither practical nor viable to meet the requirement in part or in full.

25. Scottish Borders Local Development Plan (adopted May 2016)*

Place making and design - Policy PMD2: Quality Standards

All new development will be expected to be of a high quality in accordance with sustainability principles, designed to fit with Scottish Borders townscapes and to integrate with its landscape surroundings. The standards which will apply to all development are that:

Sustainability

a) In terms of layout, orientation, construction and energy supply, the developer has demonstrated that appropriate measures have been taken to maximise the efficient use of energy and resources, including the use of renewable energy and resources such as District Heating Schemes and the incorporation of sustainable construction techniques in accordance with supplementary planning guidance. Planning applications must demonstrate that the current carbon dioxide emissions target has been met, with at least half of this target met through the use of low or zero carbon technology.

26. Shetland Local Development Plan (adopted 26 September 2014)

GP2 General Requirements for All Development

Applications for new buildings or for the conversion of existing buildings should meet all of the following General Requirements:

a) Developments should not adversely affect the integrity or viability of sites designated for their landscape and natural heritage value.
b) Development should not occur any lower than 5 metres Above Ordnance Datum (Newlyn) unless the development meets the requirements of Policy WD1;
c) Development should be located, constructed and designed so as to minimise the use of energy and to adapt to impacts arising from climate change, such as the increased probability of flooding; water stress, such as water supply; health or community impacts as a result of extreme climatic events; and a change in richness of biodiversity.
d) Suitable water, waste water and surface water drainage must be provided;
e) All new buildings shall avoid a specified and rising proportion of the projected greenhouse gas emissions from their use, through the installation and operation of low and zero-carbon generating technologies (LZCGT). The proportion of such emissions shall be specified in the council's Supplementary Guidance – Design. That guidance will also set out the approach to existing buildings which are being altered or extended, including historic buildings, and the approach to applications where developers are able to demonstrate that there are significant technical constraints to using on-site low and zero carbon generating technologies.
f) Suitable access, car parking and turning should be provided;
g) Development should not adversely affect areas, buildings or structures of archaeological, architectural or historic interest;
h) Development should not sterilise mineral reserves;
i) Development should not sterilise allocated sites as identified within the Shetland local development plan;
j) Development should not have a significant adverse effect on existing uses;
k) Development should not compromise acceptable health and safety standards or levels;
l) Development should be consistent with National Planning Policy, other local development plan policies and Supplementary Guidance.

Justification

A forward-looking, visionary and ambitious Plan will guide future development. This Plan provides potential developers and investors with guidance and the opportunity to participate in shaping the future of Shetland's communities; and give a structure within which decisions can be made with confidence. The Plan will lead and guide change. These General Requirements set out to:

  • Ensure that Shetland's natural and man-made resources are used sustainably;
  • Maintain and enhance the natural heritage and landscape character of Shetland;
  • Maintain and enhance the vitality and viability of existing settlements;
  • Reflect the established settlement pattern;
  • Support the rural population and reduce rural depopulation;
  • Reinforce existing development patterns;
  • Reduce servicing costs;
  • Promote well ordered, sustainable, accessible and safe development;
  • Support and implement the requirements of the Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009;
  • Make best use of existing infrastructure and services;
  • Build safe, pleasant and successful communities
  • Promote opportunities for participation and healthy lifestyles

Forthcoming Supplementary Guidance - Design will provide more information on minimising energy use.

27. South Ayrshire Local Development Plan (adopted 23 September 2014)

Environment and Climate Change: LDP policy: low- and zero-carbon buildings

To meet the requirements of Section 3F of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997 (as amended), development proposals will be required to incorporate low and zero-carbon generating technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The target reduction for new buildings required by this policy will be set out in related supplementary guidance, which we will produce, and be based on the 2010 building standards. A rising proportion of greenhouse gases will require to be offset through the use of low and zero-carbon generating technologies and the supplementary guidance will specify incremental targets to achieve this. These requirements will not apply where the development is:

a. an alteration or extension to an existing building;
b. to change or convert an existing building;
c. an ancillary building that is 'stand-alone' and has an area of less than 50 square metres;
d. a building which will not be heated or cooled, other than by heating provided to protect it from frost; or
e. a building which has an intended life of less than two years.

Developers must show they meet this requirement by giving us a low-carbon development statement and by consulting our Building Standards service.

We will support the reuse and recycling of waste in the construction of new developments.

28. South Lanarkshire Local Development Plan (29 June 2015)*

Policy 2 Climate change

Proposals for new development must, where possible, seek to minimise and mitigate against the effects of climate change by;

i. being sustainably located;
ii. maximising the reuse of vacant and derelict land;
iii. utilising renewable energy sources;
iv. being designed to be as carbon neutral as possible;
v. using, where appropriate, low and zero carbon energy generating technologies, that reduce predicted carbon dioxide emissions to meet current building standards within new buildings;
vi. avoiding areas of medium to high flood risk;
vii. having no significant adverse impacts on the water and soils environment, air quality, biodiversity (including Natura 2000 sites and protected species) and green networks;
viii. ensuring new development includes opportunities for active travel routes and provisions for public transport and for the creation and enhancement of green networks,
ix. providing electric vehicle recharging infrastructure in new developments to encourage the adoption of low carbon vehicles; and
x. minimising waste. Development proposals must also accord with other relevant policies and proposals in the development plan and other appropriate supplementary guidance.

29. Stirling Local Development Plan (adopted 8 October 2018)

Policy 4.1: Low and Zero Carbon Buildings

a) All new buildings must be designed so that at least 10% of the carbon dioxide emissions reduction standard set by Scottish Building Standards*[26] is met by the installation and operation of low and zero-carbon generating technologies. This percentage will increase to 15%* in 2016.

b) Part (a) does not apply where development of any of the following types is proposed: -

  • Extensions to existing buildings
  • Changes of use or conversion of buildings
  • Buildings which have an intended life of less than two years
  • Stand-alone ancillary buildings with an area of less than 50 sq. m;
  • Buildings which will not be heated or cooled other than for the purposes of frost protection.

c) Other solutions will be considered where: -

(i) An applicant is able to demonstrate that there are significant technical constraints in using on-site low and zero-carbon generating technologies; or
(ii) There is likely to be an adverse impact on the historic environment (see Policy 7.7).

d) All relevant applications must be accompanied by a 'Low and Zero-Carbon Buildings Statement' demonstrating compliance with this policy.

SG: Placemaking supports this policy by providing further guidance on how the requirements of this policy can be met, and the information required in the Low and Zero-Carbon Buildings Statement].

* It is recognised that Building Standards are likely to change during the lifetime of this Plan. Therefore, the requirements are percentages of the Building Standard in operation at the time at which applications are being determined].

30. West Dunbartonshire Council Local Development Plan (adopted March 2010)

12.17.6 In new developments with a total cumulative floor space of 500 sq metres or more, on-site zero or low carbon equipment contributing at least an extra 15% reduction in CO2 emissions beyond the 2007 building regulations carbon dioxide emissions standard will be required. Where it can be demonstrated, however, that technical constraints exist which would prevent achieving this requirement, equivalent carbon savings elsewhere in the area will be sought through agreement. PAN 84 provides information and guidance on the implementation of this target.


Contact

Email: Chief.Planner@gov.scot