Electronic Monitoring in Scotland Working Group Report
Report and recommendations on electronic monitoring produced by the expert working group.
Glossary of Terms
Away from - A form of exclusion zone set up under current RF technology to prevent a monitored person from approaching or entering a specified address (temporarily, occasionally or permanently) over a set period of time. This requires a base unit/s being installed in the away from address but only small zones can be set using this technology.
Curfewed Address - set up under current RF technology to ensure a monitored person remains within a specified address (temporarily, occasionally or permanently) over a set period of time as detailed in their order. This requires a base unit/s being installed in the specified place.
Desistance - The process of giving up crime on the basis of a person's own desire to do so. Support from family members, friends, employers and the general community can support the individual in this journey. Statutory and third sector agencies can also help by providing rehabilitative measures which strengthen a person's commitment to give up crime. Desistance is not a smooth continuous and linear process; there can be set backs that should not be assumed to mean the person has ceased to desire desistance.
Exclusion Zone - area set up, under GPS technology, to prevent a monitored person from entering a specified place (temporarily, occasionally or permanently) over a set period of time.
Goal Oriented - encompasses both punitive and rehabilitative goals. Both can be individually tailored to the needs, risk and circumstances of the individual. Only rehabilitative goals, oriented towards desistance, can be considered person centred.
Inclusion Zone - area set up, under GPS technology, to keep a monitored person within a specified place (temporarily, occasionally or permanently) over a set period of time.
Person centred approach - is a way of supporting and working with both victims of crime and people with convictions that put the individual at the centre of the support they receive - and provides a framework for them to plan and set a direction for their life.
Proportionality - The match between the seriousness of an offence (or incident) and the severity or otherwise of the judicial (or administrative) response. EM technology can be used in a variety of ways, at different intensities, and is not therefore proportional in itself to any particular offence.
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