Educational outcomes of Learning for Sustainability: literature review

Literature review exploring the impact of Learning for Sustainability on educational outcomes.


1. A central focus of Curriculum for Excellence is to help learners to become successful learners; confident individuals; effective contributors and responsible citizens. These are known as the 'four capacities'.


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5. See Appendix C for list of journal titles from six databases.

6. The impact factor is a measure of the frequency with which the average article in a journal has been cited in a particular year. It is used to measure the importance or rank of a journal by calculating the times its articles are cited. The calculation is based on a two-year period and involves dividing the number of times articles were cited by the number of articles that are citable. See for further information.

7. In a recent special issue on the topic Land and Rattray (2017: 63) summarise this succinctly as 'the notion that, in all disciplines, there are certain concepts, or certain learning experiences, which are akin to passing through a portal, permitting the learner to enter new conceptual territory in which things formerly not perceived are brought into view'.

8. This programme was off-site involving an outdoor learning programme held over six weeks – see Quibell et al (2017) for full details.

9. Research into Action Briefings available to download here:

10. STEM = Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths / STEAM = Science, Technology, Engineering, Art and Maths



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