1. A central focus of Curriculum for Excellence is to help learners to become successful learners; confident individuals; effective contributors and responsible citizens. These are known as the 'four capacities'.
3. Taken from guidance provided by https://ncu.libguides.com/researchprocess/boolean
4. Taken from guidance provided by https://ncu.libguides.com/researchprocess/boolean
5. See Appendix C for list of journal titles from six databases.
6. The impact factor is a measure of the frequency with which the average article in a journal has been cited in a particular year. It is used to measure the importance or rank of a journal by calculating the times its articles are cited. The calculation is based on a two-year period and involves dividing the number of times articles were cited by the number of articles that are citable. See https://researchguides.uic.edu/if/impact for further information.
7. In a recent special issue on the topic Land and Rattray (2017: 63) summarise this succinctly as 'the notion that, in all disciplines, there are certain concepts, or certain learning experiences, which are akin to passing through a portal, permitting the learner to enter new conceptual territory in which things formerly not perceived are brought into view'.
8. This programme was off-site involving an outdoor learning programme held over six weeks – see Quibell et al (2017) for full details.
9. Research into Action Briefings available to download here: http://learningforsustainabilityscotland.org/2017/08/11/research-into-action-briefings-available-now-to-download/).
10. STEM = Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths / STEAM = Science, Technology, Engineering, Art and Maths