Distillery by-products, livestock feed and bio-energy use: report

We commissioned this report in response to concerns by livestock farmers about the impact of anaerobic digestion and bio-energy on the availability of distillery by-product for use as livestock feed in Scotland.


1 Gray, AS, (2017) The Scotch Whisky Industry Review 2017, Pagoda Scotland, Edinburgh

2 Pass, B and Lambart, I, (2003) Whisky: Technology, Production and Marketing, Elsevier

3 Sector study on Beer, Whisky and Fish, June 2015, circular economy report, Scottish government.

4 Economic report on Scottish agriculture, 2018, Scottish Government

5 MAGB Malting co-products - http://www.ukmalt.com/malting-co-products

6 Changes in whisky output – see Appendix 3 - In 2012 Scotch grain whisky production was 337 million LPA and is expected to be 275 million LPA by 2019 a fall of 62 million LPA or -18%. In 2012 Scotch malt whisky production was 272.8 million LPA and is expected to be 295 million LPA by 2019 a rise of 22.2 million LPA or +8%.

7 Alan S Gray, (2018) 2017 Scotch whisky industry review, Pagoda Scotland.

8 NB - * no estimates are available for use of English bioethanol by-products in Scotland.

9 Scottish Government, Economic Report on Scottish Agriculture 2018

10 Heyhoe, P, Bell, J, Morgan, C, Livestock feed use in Scotland, AA211 Special Economic Study for Scottish Government, 2015

11 Assumed to be operating at capacity for 8,500 out of 8,760 hours per year

12Ewing, W.N. (1997), The Feeds Directory – commodity products, Context


Email: Gordon.Jackson@gov.scot

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