Deposit return scheme for Scotland: BRIA

Full business and regulatory impact assessment (BRIA) assessing the regulatory impacts of deposit return for drinks containers for businesses in Scotland.


1 Scottish Household Waste – summary data 2017

2 Programme for Government 2017

3 Making Things Last 2016

4 Towards a Litter Free Scotland

5 Marine Litter Strategy



8 EU Circular Economy Package

9 Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009

10Climate Change Plan: The Third Report on Proposals and Policies 2018-2032

11 Marine Litter and Microplastics

12 Management of Marine Debris

13 UN Sustainable Development Goals

14 EU Circular Economy package

15 Kantar Worldpanel for Zero Waste Scotland

16 Green Book

17 Green Book

18 Non-monetised benefits of DRS are discussed more fully in the Outline Business Case

19 European Commission circular economy package

20 In the Belgian EPR, for example, stakeholders agree on the average annual costs for collecting and sorting household packaging. This falls under the remit of the scheme’s regulatory body.

21 Defra

22 Green Dot

23 Programme for Scotland 2017-18

24 Competition Impact Assessment

25 Completing Competition Assessments in Impact Assessments

26 Scottish Licensed Trade News in conjunction with CGA

27 Scottish Government (2019) Food and Drink

28 Export Statistics Scotland 2017

29 Brewing and Distilling in Scotland - Economic Facts and Figures, Scottish Parliament

30 Kantar Worldpanel for Zero Waste Scotland

31 Multiple groups are chains of convenience shops, based on common ownership of shops. Examples include Tesco Express or Little Waitrose.

32 Symbol groups are a form of franchise, where the shops themselves are independently owned but are supplied by the franchise and trade under a common brand. Examples include Costcutter, NISA and Spar

33 See Annex C Table 2

34 Nielson data for Zero Waste Scotland

35 Scottish Parliament

36 Deposit systems for one-way beverage containers: global overview, CM Consulting

37 LetsRecycle (extracted on 1/3/2019)

38 Kantar Worldpanel for Zero Waste Scotland. Data does not differentiate between aluminium and steel can containers, or different types of glass or PET plastic. These are therefore aggregate figures.

39 Recycling: Lithuania deposit scheme exceeds all expectations

40 Provided that they have checked the symbol or bar code, retailers would not be liable for any costs associated with fraud or counterfeit and no competition impacts are anticipated in this regard.

41 Deposit Systems for One-Way Beverage Containers: Global Overview 2016, CM Consulting.

42 ACS Local Shop Report 2018

43 Envipco

44 Kantar Worldpanel for Zero Waste Scotland

45 Supermarkets includes big 4: Tesco, Sainsbury’s, Morrisons, ASDA

46 What can England and Scotland learn from deposit return schemes overseas?, Recycling and Waste World

47 ACS Local Shop Report 2018

48 Based on a 90% return rate.

49 Kantar Worldpanel for Zero Waste Scotland

50 A European refunding scheme for drinks containers, European Parliament

51 Ibid

52 Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

53 Google Maps

54 Electoral wards: East Berwickshire, Mid Berwickshire, Kelso and District, Jedburgh and District, Annandale East and Eskdale, and Annandale South.

55 Location of stores: ASDA, Tesco, Morrisons, Sainsburys, Lidl, Aldi, Distances in driving miles: Google Maps

56 Scottish Statistics.

57 Scotland Census

58 Ibid

59 Scotland Statistics.

60 Government of Scotland

61 Zero Waste Scotland Kantar Data.

62 Kantar Data for 2017

63 Based on the number of containers sold in Scotland in 2017, assuming a deposit of £0.20

64 ONS data for 2018

65 ONS data for 2016

66 Slovakia Deposit Study

67 Deposit Refund System in Spain

68 See Annex C Table 4

69 See Annex C Table 5

70 Oxford Economics and HMRC

71 A scan of Supermarkets online catalogues, including Tesco, Sainsbury’s, ALDI was undertaken to assess common price points for budget (e.g store brand) and premium type goods (e.g. brand name) for each of these categories at the particular size of 1L. Demand effects were modelled using own price elasticities sourced from HMRC and Oxford Economic studies.


73 Pure Juices account for 6.6% of cold non-alcoholic drinks sold, smoothies: 1.3% and juice drinks: 8.9%.

74 ZWS Modelling using Kantar Data

75 Oxford Economics for price elasticity and a scan of Supermarkets online catalogues, including Tesco, Sainsbury’s, ALDI was undertaken to assess average price points for pure juices at the particular size of 1L.


77 The Producer Responsibility Obligations (Packaging Waste) Regulations 2007, available at:

78 Litter Strategy

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86 First page only. Full document available at:

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