What is cyber-crime?
Defining cyber-crime is complex and contentious and there is not an agreed upon definition  .The main debate centres around the extent to which the internet and cyber technologies need to be involved in order for the crime to be termed 'cyber-crime'. Views on this range from those who argue that cyber-crime is only the distinct set of activities which are committed by using a computer, computer networks or other forms of ICT ( e.g. spread of viruses, hacking etc.), to others who view cyber-crime as including even the most minor involvement in more traditional crime types ( e.g. using the internet to research how to commit or cover up a violent crime).
Given the remit of this review and the broader cyber-crime analytical work, it makes most sense to adopt a definition that considers criminal activity as cyber-crime if cyber-technology was in any way involved, regardless of the extent of involvement. This approach does not necessarily consider cyber-crime as a separate category of crime, instead it is defined by the method or locus of the crime. This is in line with the way in which Police Scotland conceptualise cyber-crime.