4. Primary data – analysis and findings
This section reports the key findings from the two phases of primary data collection from external stakeholders:
- The online survey of CPAG in Scotland contacts; and
- The in-depth follow-up interviews
A survey questionnaire was developed and distributed to CPAG in Scotland contact lists and was promoted on social media. The questionnaire was designed, with input from CPAG in Scotland, to provide a thorough understanding of current satisfaction with CPAG in Scotland's second tier advice, information and training services, whether or not Scottish Government investment in CPAG in Scotland's services could be used more effectively, and to help inform recommendations for further development of CPAG in Scotland's second tier services as well as wider second tier services.
Profile of survey respondents
There were a total of 382 responses to the questionnaire. Respondents were asked what best described them, in terms of their organisation. 28% (106) of responses were from individuals working in Citizens Advice Bureaus (CABs), 15% (56) were from Housing Associations, 14% (53) were from Local Authorities and 23% (85) reported being from "Other" organisations not listed in the available answers. These included:
- Student Advice Centres
- Refugee Integration Services
- Community Centres and Miscellaneous Charities
The other 21% of responses were split amongst:
- College/University (7%)
- Disability Issues Organisation (7%)
- Individual/Member of the Public (3%)
- Carers Centre (2 %)
- Health Service (2%)
- Employability Organisation (2%)
- Law Centre (1%)
- Childcare Organisation/Provider (0.3%).
It is important to note that respondents were able to tick multiple organisation categories in the situation where their organisation doesn't fit specifically into one so the total equals more than 100% (104%). These breakdowns are detailed in Figure 18. below.
Respondents were asked where their organisation was based and, while more than a third responded working in either Glasgow (18%) or Edinburgh (20%), every local authority in Scotland was represented.
Respondents were also asked about their job role, however, this question was voluntary. Of the 374 responses, 41% reported that they were welfare rights specialist advisers, 25% reported that they were general advisers, 20% reported that they were other support workers, 0.8% chose not to say and 23% reported "other". The "other" responses included policy researcher, family nurse, debt adviser, money adviser and student funding manager.
Stakeholder interview design
As part of the questionnaire, respondents were asked to provide contact details if they would be willing to participate in a follow-up telephone interview. 84 respondents provided contact details and, of these, 23 indicated that they would still be willing to participate in an interview. Of these, 17 were able to fully complete the interview and their responses are included in this report. It is important to note that this is a self-selected sample and can in no way be considered representative of the respondent population as a whole.
The purpose of the interview was to enrich and expand on the survey findings, providing more in-depth, personal perspectives on the topics in question. The interviews were conducted using a semi-structured topic guide which was developed in conjunction with CPAG in Scotland, and included the following lines of enquiry around CPAG in Scotland's second tier advice, information and training services:
- Organisational background and focus
- Length of relationship with CPAG
- Awareness and use of CPAG services
- Strengths and weaknesses of services provided including barriers to access
- Whether impact on client's income maximisation is recorded
- Usage of services other than those provided by CPAG
- Gaps in services offered
- Impact of services on key goal of maximised household incomes
- Key challenges liked to be faced in the future
- Opinions of service changes suggested by CPAG and comments
Profile of stakeholder interview respondents
Of the 17 respondents who participated in both the questionnaire and follow-up telephone interview, approximately 30% (5) worked for a Housing Association/Charity and the rest were fairly evenly distributed amongst Citizens Advice Bureaux (CABs), Local Authorities, Universities, and various other Charities for Mental Health, Children or Communities. The vast majority were frontline advisers (94%) and all were aware of, and had had a relationship with, CPAG in Scotland since they first came into post in a relevant role. This relationship with CPAG in Scotland varied from around 8 months to over 30 years.
The organisations represented in the interviews were:
- Midlothian Council.
- Irvine Housing Association.
- Community One Stop Shop.
- Drumchapel Citizens Advice Bureau.
- Central Scotland Regional Equality Council.
- Support in Mind Scotland.
- Shelter Scotland.
- Ferguslie Park Housing Association.
- Strathclyde Students Union Hub.
- Perth Citizens Advice Bureau.
- Calvay Housing Association.
- Scottish Huntington's Association.
- Crisis UK.
- Aberdeenshire Health and Social Care Partnership.
- Glasgow Caledonian University.
Profile of survey respondent clients
Survey respondents were asked about the main groups that receive advice or support from their respective organisations with the option to pick all that apply. The responses showed that frontline advisers work with a large variety of people with complex issues and needs. Over two thirds of respondents reported that they work with disabled (72%) and unemployed (69%) people. Over half reported working with those experiencing housing issues (62%), lone parents (59%), carers for the disabled (58%), older people (56%) and people experiencing drug/alcohol issues (55%). The full results can be seen in Figure 19. below.
Respondents were also asked about the proportion of people they/their organisation provide advice or support to that have low household incomes, live in deprived areas, live in households with a disabled child or adult, live in minority ethnic household, are lone parents, are young mothers and/or live in households with a young child under 1 year old. These questions were voluntary and therefore had varying numbers of responses (from 362 to 375). The vast majority of respondents reported that most or all of their clients live in households with low income (84%). Over half of respondents reported that most or all of their clients lived in deprived areas (52%). Almost all of the respondents reported that at least some of their clients fell into each of the other categories. The full results are shown in Figure 20. below.
4.1 Future Needs
4.1.1 Main challenges
Respondents were then asked a series of questions related to their future needs. Initially they were asked about the main challenges they foresee themselves or their organisation facing in the next five years, with the option to pick up to three. Nearly two thirds of respondents (64%) reported that the impact of universal credit would be one of the main challenges. 55% reported that they foresaw more demand for their services being a challenge, while similar numbers of respondents reported the complexity of benefit rules (42%), and difficulties with DWP and HMRC administration (38%) being their main challenges over the next five years. 2% of respondents reported that there were "other" challenges they would face, not provided as answers to the question. When selecting "other", respondents were asked to specify what these challenges were. The challenged reported included fuel costs, lack of funding, Scottish Social Security and the impacts of Brexit. The results are shown in Figure 21. below.
Stakeholders in the in-depth interviews were generally of the view that demand for their services would increase and that this and uncertainties surrounding universal credit were likely to impact most on them in the near future. Some also voiced concerns about Scottish Social Security and "Scottish benefits".
"It's a struggle to keep up with the way it changes (Universal Credit)"
"How universal credit develops will be a continual issues because it already causes problems all the time… because it's really quite complicated and it changes without much notice"
"(issues around) Scottish benefits will become more and more key"
"Working with the new Scottish Social Security will be difficult along with the rollout of Universal Credit"
4.1.2 Demand for frontline benefits-related advice
Respondents were also asked about the demand for frontline benefits-related advice will face or support services they anticipate they/their organisations will need in the next five years. Nearly all (90%) reported that they anticipate having more demand than they currently have, 10% reported that they anticipate about the same amount of demand and only 1% reported that they anticipate less demand.
Respondents were asked to provide free text responses for the benefit-related issues they anticipate they will need support with over the next five years. The majority of responses related to the unknown challenges surrounding Universal Credit and the uncertainty following Brexit.
4.1.3 Top three most useful resources to help with income maximisation
Respondents were asked what three resources they felt would be most useful to them/their organisation to help their clients to maximise their income. Over half of respondents (58%) reported that in-person training would be most useful while case-specific advice given over the phone (48%) or via email (42%) were the next two top choices. The results are shown in Figure 22. below.
4.1.4 Accredited benefits-related training demand
Respondents were asked the extent to which it is a priority for them/others in their organisation to attend accredited benefits-related training. Over two thirds of respondents (68%) reported that it would be a high priority for them/others in their organisation. Only 7% felt it would be low priority while nearly a fifth (20%) were unsure how much of a priority it would be.
4.2 Use of existing services provided by CPAG in Scotland
4.2.1 CPAG services usage
Respondents were then asked a series of questions relating to the use of existing services offered by CPAG in Scotland. Initially, they were asked which services they have used and whether or not they have used them within the last five years, before that or not at all. The majority of respondents had used all of the services within the last five years (ranging from 83% to 96%).
A small percentage of respondents had previously reported that they had never used the Advice Line (11%). When asked why, the most common answer was that they were not aware of the Advice Line service (42%). After this the most common responses were that respondent's obtained advice from materials or colleagues within their own organisation instead (29%), through other services provided by CPAG in Scotland (27%) or from other organisations (15%).
A similarly small percentage of respondents had previously reported that they had never attended any of the training provided by CPAG in Scotland (11%). When asked why, more than half of the respondents reported that it was because the cost was too high (54%). After this the next most common answers were that they got information from colleagues in their organisation who had attended the training rather than going themselves (29%), and that the locations of the in-person training were not convenient (21%).
A very small percentage of respondents reported that they had never used the information resources provided by CPAG in Scotland (3%). When asked why, roughly two thirds of these respondents reported that they were not aware of the information resources provided by CPAG in Scotland (67%). Otherwise the next most common answers were that they prefer to access information from the Advice Line (11%) or that they use information resources from within their own organisation (11%). The results are shown in Figure 23. below.
Stakeholders in the in-depth interviews were asked about usage of the Advice Line, each of the information resources and each of the types of training individually. All but one reported that they had used the Advice Line (94%), most had used the Welfare Benefits and Tax Credits Handbook (82%), nearly two thirds had used the fact sheets (65%) and Scottish handbooks (65%) while only a quarter had used the What You Need To Know guides (24%). With regards to training, more of the stakeholders had attended the in-person training (76%) than had used the free online training (53%). When asked why they had never used these services the answers ranged from not being aware that they existed (particularly the free online training), to not finding the services particularly relevant or useful for what they do (particularly the What You Need To Know guides). Many reported that they found the in-person training to be financially or geographically difficult to attend.
4.2.2 Advice from other organisations
When asked whether or not they used any other benefits-related advice services from any other organisations aside from CPAG in Scotland, nearly two thirds of survey respondents (63%), and all but one (94%) of the stakeholders in the in-depth interviews, reported that they did. Respondents were also asked to provide the names of the organisations whose benefits-related advice services they used. These included:
- Rights Advice Scotland
- Disability Rights UK
- Benefits and Work
- Citizens Advice Scotland
- Age UK
- Disability Alliance
- Citizens Advice and Rights Fife
- Various Scottish council resources
These respondents were also asked to compare the quality of the advice services on offer from CPAG in Scotland with those provided by other organisations. Overall, the feeling was that many of the services on offer from CPAG in Scotland were superior, with approximately two thirds of survey respondents reporting that the services, hard print resources, online resources, training and case-specific benefits-related advice on offer from CPAG were better than the services and resources provided by other organisations.
However, less than half of respondents felt that CPAG in Scotland's website was either better (41%) or the same (40%), as that of other organisations.
For each service, the percentage of respondents that felt that what CPAG in Scotland provided was worse than what was provided by other organisations was very low (ranging from 3% to 1%). The results can be seen in Figure 24. below.
4.2.3 CPAG services contribution to income maximisation
Respondents were also asked the extent to which they feel the services offered by CPAG in Scotland contribute to income maximisation for the clients that they/their organisation support. The results were broadly similar to the previous questions about the quality of the advice services. With regards to the hard print resources, the majority of respondents (93%) felt that they contributed. A similarly high percentage felt the online resources and Advice Line contributed (91% and 91% respectively). Slightly fewer reported that they felt that the training and website contributed (88% and 83% respectively), while less than half felt that the annual welfare-rights conference contributed. The results can be seen in Figure 25. below.
While some stakeholders from the in-depth interviews reported that income maximisation was not relevant to the work that they did, all of those for whom it was relevant reported that they felt that the services on offer from CPAG in Scotland contributed to income maximisation for their clients. Many were particularly enthusiastic about the extent to which this was the case.
"Yes, CPAG in Scotland has definitely helped me to maximise household incomes. The services are ideal for that"
"Yes definitely. They (CPAG advisers) encourage you to stick with it and gives you ideas and tactics to use to help people get benefits"
"The level of information and resources they provide is extremely useful to help with that (income maximisation)"
4.2.4 First action when advice is needed
Respondents were asked about the first action taken when advice or assistance was needed with regards to a benefits-related topic. Roughly half reported that they searched for the answer in hard print resources provided by CPAG (51%). The next most common actions were to search for the answer in online resources provided by CPAG (14%), to search for the answer in online resources provided by a different organisation (11%) or to call the CPAG Advice Line (11%).
4.3 Quality of CPAG services
Respondents were also asked a series of questions relating to their opinions of each of the categories of services provided by CPAG in Scotland.
4.3.1 Advice Line
When asked to rate their agreement with a number of statements about the Advice Line, almost unanimously, respondents reported that they agreed that the Advice Line addressed the issue at hand (97%), they were satisfied with the advice they received (97%), the information provided improved their benefits-related knowledge and skills (94%), and they received a response within a reasonable timeframe (93%).
All of the stakeholders from the in-depth interviews reported that they found the Advice Line to be particularly useful:
"It's really helpful to be able to ring someone up to clarify issues"
"When you speak to them on the phone (CPAG advisers) they are really knowledgeable and helpful"
"The advisers are so friendly and so helpful. They are always able to help me with any issues I am having quickly and efficiently"
"The advice they provide is great and I mainly work alone so it is really nice to be able to talk to someone about a case and bounce ideas back and forth"
"The advisers are extremely knowledgeable. They've helped a lot when situations are complicated"
"They are very authoritative. They provide high quality advice and when you go with a particularly complex issue you know that they will be able to answer it, even if they can't then and there they will go away and come back to you with an answer"
This was even the case for the one respondent who reported that they hadn't used the Advice Line in the last five years:
"Oh yes the Advice Line was great when I used it in the past but I prefer to use email and I've found that they can be just as speedy and I don't have to worry about forgetting to write down important information as it's all in the email"
Survey respondents were allowed to provide free text responses with regards to suggestions for how the Advice Line could be improved or adapted for the future. Many of the responses were about how the Advice Line was of very high quality and particularly helpful already. Otherwise the majority of suggestions related to:
- providing longer availability hours
- increasing capacity (providing more advisers so that the Advice Line is completely engaged less often)
- providing a queuing system or option for a call back when an adviser is free
When probed about whether the Advice Line could be improved many of the interview stakeholders reported that they were unable or would struggle to come up with any suggestions. Those that did, reported that the main issues were waiting times and lack of capacity.
"(The Advice Line) is sometimes too busy or it takes a while to get a response"
"The Advice Line opening hours could be expanded. It would be helpful if it was available 9-5 Monday to Friday".
"There are occasionally problems with the line and I get cut off and sometimes it's busy but I know that they have a lot on their plate so it's not that big of a problem for me".
"I would struggle to find any… Sometimes the Advice Line is busy but given their workload it's understandable. It's also not an issue that is unique to CPAG"
"In a perfect world they would have more people on the lines so that we could always get through"
"The Advice Line is great but it's not always a quick response and sometimes you need one. It can take a while to get through and I can't always rely on being able to speak to an adviser when I have a client in the office and I need an answer at that moment"
When asked to rate their agreement with a number of statements about the training provided by CPAG in Scotland, most respondents reported that they agreed that the information provided on the training improved their benefits-related knowledge and skills (96%), they felt more confident in their job role after completing the training, (94%) and the training materials were produced to a high standard (91%). A smaller percentage of respondents felt that the training represented good value for money (71%).
Responses from the stakeholder interviews were mixed with regards to the training. Most of those that reported going to in-person training within the last five years felt that the quality was particularly high, but due to geographical or financial constraints they were unable to attend as regularly as they would have liked and would be unlikely to be able to attend again in the near future.
"Training being in Edinburgh and Glasgow makes it restrictive sometimes. More training in north of Scotland would be appreciated"
"The trainings are good but I would attend more if they were more financially accessible. They struggle to compete with citizen's advice trainings"
"It would be helpful if they could provide more training outside of Glasgow and Edinburgh"
"My organisation used to pay for us to go to CPAG training every year but not finances are tight and they are just too expensive to be able to justify"
With regards to online training, many of the stakeholders were not aware that they were available. Those that had used them said that they were good, but very basic and as experienced advisers not something that they would likely use regularly.
Survey respondents were allowed to provide free text responses with regards to suggestions for how the training could be improved. Many of the responses were extremely positive, mentioning how the training was of a very high quality and/or that they could not think of improvements. Otherwise, the majority of suggestions were about the cost being lowered to make it more affordable and about providing the training in other areas (particularly in Lothian and the Highlands).
4.3.3 Information resources
Respondents were asked to rate their agreement with a number of statements about the information resources provided by CPAG in Scotland. The majority of respondents agreed that the resources provided improved their knowledge (95%) and they were of high quality (92%). A slightly smaller percentage of respondents reported that they agreed that they represented good value for money (81%).
Stakeholders in the in-depth interviews were asked about each of the information resources (Welfare Benefits and Tax Credits Handbook, Scottish handbooks, What You Need To Know guides, fact sheets) separately. As mentioned previously, usage rates were mixed with most reporting having used the Welfare Benefits and Tax Credits Handbook and, similarly, most reporting having not used the What You Need To Know guides. When this was probed it was found that, in every case, non-usage of a resource had to do with either it not being relevant to the work that the adviser was doing, or that they were unaware that it existed. None of the respondents reported that any of the information resources they had used were of poor quality or readily offered criticism.
When probed about if and how information resources could be improved the majority of responses were that they were good as they were, with some suggesting that it would be helpful if the paper resources (such as the Welfare Benefits and Tax Credits Handbook) could be made available in online format. Interestingly, others reported a fear that resources might be moving to online format and pleaded that they at least stay in paper format as well. Some found the handbooks to be too costly and a few mentioned that it can be a bit dense and hard to easily comprehend.
"I don't use the What You Need To Know guides no, to be honest I didn't know they existed. It might be helpful if we could be told about them. If someone from CPAG could visit our offices and tell us about everything that's available. But otherwise everything that I use is great. Really high quality"
"It would be great to have it (the Welfare Benefits and Tax Credits Handbook) and any of the other books online. I am based in an office that is 30 miles from my home so 9/10 times I'll go straight from my home to an appointment so anything I can access on my work iPad would be very helpful"
"I would say don't get rid of the paper based copy (the Welfare Benefits and Tax Credits Handbook) but having it offered online would be beneficial"
"I am not very computer literate and I see more and more things going online. I hope that they keep making paper versions of the handbook (welfare benefits and tax credit)"
"I think for me it would be very useful to have the handbook (welfare benefits and tax credits) available online but I also like to have the paper version to hand so that I can leave little bookmarks for easy access. So I don't need to keep searching for relevant information when I've found it before. So yes, bring it online but keep the paper version too"
Two stakeholders volunteered that, while they do use the Welfare Benefits and Tax Credits Handbook they would always check the disability rights handbook (published by Disability Rights UK) first.
"I always check the disability handbook first. It is explained more easily. The CPAG handbook can be more complicated and the Disability Rights Handbook (DRH) is easier to understand. I probably use them both 50/50 but I always check DRH first. The CPAG handbook is 1800 pages and the DRH is around 300"
Survey respondents were allowed to provide free text responses with regards to suggestions for how the information resources could be improved. Similar to the other services provided by CPAG, many of the responses were very positive and mentioned how the resources are of a very high quality and are very useful. Otherwise, the majority of suggestions were about reducing the cost of the handbooks as some organisations/individuals are not willing/able to purchase new books every year. A few respondents reported that they felt that it would be helpful if the information in the handbooks could be provided online as well.
4.3.4 Responsivity to changes in the welfare benefits/tax credit system
Stakeholders in the in-depth interviews were asked whether or not they felt CPAG in Scotland's services were responsive to changes in the welfare benefits and tax credit system. All of the responses were positive.
"Yes, they always seem up to date, even when something has just changed"
"They are leading the way in the benefits advice sector"
"Yes, very much so. It's very helpful to read the information they put out about what is coming up and what we need to know that's changed"
"Yes, very much so. It's very helpful to read the information they put out about what is coming up and what we need to know that's changed"
"They always know about the most recent cases and they are able to inform us about them"
"They are truly second to none. The things that CPAG was looking at six months ago are only being looked at now by other organisations"
"Yes, massively. They definitely keep on top of it and they have good early warning systems"
"Yes, I think it's an ever changing system and it must be very hard to keep completely up to date and yet as far as I can tell they do! And it's very useful for us to have it as a resource with things changing as fast as they are at the moment"
4.3.5 Gaps in services offered
When asked about whether there were any gaps in the services offered by CPAG in Scotland the general consensus amongst the interview stakeholders was that there weren't and that the services on offer covered everything they needed for them to do their jobs effectively.
"Not from my point of view. They cover anything that we need"
"No gaps that I can think of. I would just say keep up the good work"
A few did report that there were certain topics that they went to other organisations for advice on (such as housing, homelessness and benefits for older people) and they would appreciate it if CPAG in Scotland could also advise on them, however they felt that it might not be appropriate or possible for them to do so.
"It would be useful to have resources to help parents get free trainings and workshops to give them experience so they can get jobs and into the workforce but I don't think that's something that CPAG would necessarily need to help with"
"Anything around housing, homelessness law or immigration advice would be great but I know that's not really what CPAG does"
"It would be great to get housing advice. I use (another service), but it is nowhere near as good quality. It just does not compare to advice provided by CPAG"
"Maybe something on benefits for older people. I don't know if it's possible for them to do that. And I wouldn't want it take resources away from what they are already doing"
4.4 Reaction to proposed changes to services
Interview stakeholders were also asked to provide their opinion on a number of potential changes suggested by CPAG in Scotland that could be made to the services offered.
4.4.1 Online versions of CPAG's handbooks and more online information resources
Some of the stakeholders had reported previously that they felt that interactive versions of online handbooks and other information resources would be helpful, as long as paper versions were still available. When those that hadn't offered that information previously were probed about whether online versions would be useful, most responded that they would, often with the same caveat about paper versions continuing to be available. A few responded that they would not use online versions, but could see how they might be useful for others. One respondent suggested that, if they were to go online in an upgraded format, it would be helpful if they were designed for easy browsing with quick links to different sections and topics instead of just in one large PDF (or something similar).
"Improved online versions of the book (Welfare Benefits and Tax Credits Handbook) and any of the other handbooks would be fine but I would hate to lose the book (paper version)"
4.4.2 Tools to speed up casework (such as template letters and digitally generated letters)
All of the stakeholders felt that template or digitally generated letters would be particularly useful. Some mentioned that they had already created their own template letters or used some created by other organisations, but would be very keen for CPAG in Scotland to produce them. A key point made was that it would be particularly useful if they could be tailored by the frontline adviser.
"Yes, definitely. CAB already provides some but they could be much better. It would be good if CPAG could provide them too"
"I think that would be quite useful but I tend to like to do more personal letters because I feel like I have more impact doing so. But if it was a template letter that I could take away and tailor my way then yes"
"It would be very helpful to have digitally generated letters provided you could adapt it to your own case easily"
"That would be very useful (template letters and digitally generated letters), especially for case submissions and appeals"
4.4.3 New 'What You Need to Know' Guides
Many of the stakeholders didn't have strong opinions about whether or not CPAG in Scotland should produce new 'What You Need to Know' Guides on different topics. Generally, they were positive about the idea of having more topics covered with useful information from CPAG, but only a few were able to come up with suggestions for what the guides could cover. Of those who made topic suggestions, these included:
- Single parents
4.4.4 More e-learning and online training
All of the stakeholders felt that more e-learning and online training would be useful. Many caveated, however, that it would need to be easily accessible and navigable and would need to cover topics that were relevant to both new advisers and advisers that had been in post for a long time (refreshing knowledge on certain topics or training for novel issues).
"Yes, I think e-learning would be good provided it is accessible, particularly for those with disabilities or who are less computer literate"
"I think e-learning is really helpful. It would be especially good for new staff to bring them up to speed quickly"
"Yes, I think that would be useful (e-learning). Even if there's something that I think I know quite well, doing a piece of work online that would help reinforce my knowledge or teach me how I could be doing something better or differently would be great"
4.5 Unsolicited remarks
Below are a few unsolicited remarks made by some of the stakeholders. They have been included as the stakeholders wanted to make it clear how strongly they felt about the services.
"I have nothing bad to say about CPAG. Other organisations could learn a lot from them. I wish CPAG had a client facing service, I would work for it"
"Please let them know, if they keep on doing what they're doing, that would be fantastic. It's such a great resource"
"CPAG are the first people we would go to either to produce information or to speak to someone. I don't think I could do my job without them"
4.6 Summary of Findings from Primary Data Analysis
Results from the Scottish Government's survey and stakeholder interviews suggest that there are a wide range of organisations using CPAG in Scotland's services, and these organisations support clients with a wide range of issues. The vast majority of respondents reported that most or all of their clients live with low income and more than half reported that most or all of their clients live in deprived areas. Many respondents work with disabled people, unemployed people, those experiencing housing issues and lone parents.
The main future challenges foreseen by the respondents were the impact of Universal Credit, increased demand for frontline adviser services, the complexity of benefit rules, and difficulties dealing with DWP and HMRC administration.
The majority of respondents reported that they had used all of the services on offer by CPAG in Scotland within the last five years. The Advice Line is held in very high esteem, while the information resources produced by CPAG in Scotland are considered to be of very high quality. The most common reason given by respondents for not using one or more of the services on offer by CPAG in Scotland was that they were unaware that these services existed.
The majority of respondents found that the training on offer by CPAG in Scotland was very useful and better than what was offered by other organisations. Many did report, however, that the in-person training was financially or geographically difficult to attend.
Many stakeholders felt that online versions of the handbooks, tools to speed up casework (such as template letters) and more E-learning would be useful. Some respondents were keen to point out, however, that they think it would still be useful for print versions of the handbooks to be available for those that want them.