Coronavirus (COVID-19): children, young people and families - evidence summary - June 2021

Summary of Scottish and UK evidence on the impact of COVID-19 on the wellbeing of children and young people.


1. In the previous round of the survey, parents reported 46% of 2-3 year olds and 36% of 4-7 year olds displaying signs of difficulties.

2. SDQ is a measure of emotional, behavioural and developmental difficulties. A higher score indicates greater difficulty.

3. In the previous round of the survey, 43% of 2-3 year olds displayed peer relationship problems.

4. In the previous round of the survey, 41% of 4-7 year olds displayed difficulties with hyperactivity/inattention.

5. WEMWBS and the short WEMWBS are measures of mental wellbeing. A lower score indicates lower mental wellbeing. In the previous round of the CEYRIS survey, the average SWEMWBS score was 20 for all parents and carers.

6. A separate report is available on results related to young people's views on SQA results from August 2020.

7. Slightly more than a fifth (22%) reported feeling stressed during the first survey run between May and July 2020.

8. These are the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale Short Version (RCADS-25), Child Revised Impact of Events Scale short version (CRIES-8), and the Short Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (SWEMWBS).

9. Further demographic information of respondents was not included in the published version of the report.

10. A full literature review on inequalities experienced by refugees and migrant families is also available.

11. The project is also known as the 'Short and long term impacts of Covid-19 restrictions on Older childreN's healTh-Related behAviours, learning and wellbeing STudy' (CONTRAST).

12. The Understanding Society survey used the General Health Questionnaire set of 12 questions and a change of 5 or more points was used to indicate decline in mental health.

13. Studies not written in English were largely excluded from the review, see the 'Methods' section of the article for details.



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