Waste management - sampling and reporting at materials facilities: draft code of practice

We intend to issue a new code of practice on sampling and reporting at materials facilities to replace the current Code issued on 2 March 2015. This draft code of practice was open for consultation until 19 April 2024.

7. Definitions used in this Code of Practice

36. The following definitions are used in this Code of Practice. The singular includes the plural and the plural the singular.


Authorised MF operator - Any person authorised to operate a materials facility (including those operating under a paragraph 11 and 17 exemptions under the Waste Management Licensing (Scotland) Regulations 2011)

Buyer - A person or organisation who has arranged to purchase output material from the authorised MF operator. This includes but is not limited to end users and intermediaries.

EPR scheme administrator - A person who is appointed by or under regulations made under section 51, and paragraph 4 of Schedule 5, of the Environment Act 2021, as the scheme an administrator of a scheme for producer responsibility for disposal costs.

Fibre-based composite material - Packaging material which is made of paperboard or paper fibres, with a layer of plastic, and which may also have layers of other materials, to form a single unit that cannot be separated by hand.

a. Drink-water suitable for human consumption,

b. a beverage suitable for human consumption,

c. a sports drink suitable for human consumption, or

d. a liquid which constitutes a beverage or sports drink suitable for human consumption if it is—

i. diluted,

ii. combined with crushed ice, or processed so as to create crushed ice,

iii. combined with carbon dioxide, or

iv. prepared by way of a process that involves any combination of the processes mentioned in paragraphs (i) to (iii), such as fruit squash or fruit cordial.

Paragraph (d) does not include any liquid which is used only—

a. to add flavour to, or enhance the flavour of, a beverage or sports drink suitable for human consumption, or

b. to sweeten a beverage or sports drink suitable for human consumption,

such as coffee flavouring syrup, sugar syrup or hot sauce.

“Sports drink” means a liquid which is advertised or marketed as a product to enhance physical performance, accelerate recovery after exercise or build bulk, or other similar liquid.

Drink container - A bottle or can which—

a. contains or used to contain drink;

b. is made wholly or mainly from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic, glass, steel or aluminium;

c. has a capacity of at least 150 millilitres but no more than three litres of liquid;

d. is designed or intended to be sealed in an airtight and watertight state at the point of supply to a consumer in the United Kingdom; and

e. is not conceived, designed or marketed to be refilled or reused in any other way by any person,

together with any label applied to it and its lid or other closures.

Dry recyclable waste - Separately collected waste, where such waste is made up of one of the packaging categories.

Dry recyclable waste stream - Dry recyclable waste of the same type.

Input material - Dry recyclable waste received at the facility for consolidation or sorting.

Material fragments - Target, non-target and non-recyclable material that is made up of:

a. In the largest proportion of glass material, fragments of that material that measure less than 13 millimetres along their longest dimension, and

b. In relation to all other types of output material and for mixed dry recyclable waste, fragments of material measuring less than 55 millimetres along their longest dimension.

Materials facility - A facility where dry recyclable waste is treated in order to separate that waste into a dry waste stream or streams (a “materials recovery facility”, or

a facility where dry recyclable waste is consolidated into bulk quantities (whether as a first point of consolidation or following the first consolidation of bulk quantities, transferred from other suppliers), for the purpose of selling it, or transferring it to other facilities or persons to enable that material to be prepared for reuse or recycling.

Operating a materials facility does not include—

a. activity at a facility or part of a facility where all the waste material received during a reporting period as specified in the Materials Recovery Code is attributable exclusively to a single supplier, unless the facility or part of a facility is a materials recovery facility,

b. activity at a bring site (as defined in section 45C(7) of the Environmental Protection Act 1990,

c. the waste management of WEEE, or waste batteries.

Mixed dry recyclable waste - Dry recyclable waste material that consists of two or more packaging categories mixed together.

Non-recyclable material - Waste material that is not capable of being recycled.

Non-target material - A material that is capable of being recycled but is not a target material for the MF.

Output material - A batch of material that is produced from a separating process for dry recyclable waste at a MF is and is made up of a material in one of the packaging categories, in the largest proportion.

Packaging - All products made of any materials of any nature to be used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery and presentation of goods, from raw materials to processed goods, from the producer to the user or the consumer, including non-returnable items used for the same purposes, but only where the products are primary, secondary, or tertiary packaging (as defined in article 3(1) of European Parliament and Council Directive 94/62/EC of 20 December 1994 on packaging and packaging waste, as amended), or shipment packaging.

Packaging categories - The following categories:

a. Glass

b. Metal

c. Paper

d. Cardboard

e. Plastic

f. Fibre-based composite

Recycling - As defined in Article 3(17) of Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives (as amended), and any references to “recycled” or “recyclable” are to be construed accordingly.

Reporting year - 1 April to 31 March in the following year

SEPA - The Scottish Environment Protection Agency

Separately collected waste - Waste collected and transported in accordance with section 34(2I) of the Environmental Protection Act 1990.

Shipment packaging - Packaging, in addition to primary packaging, on items which are sold online or by a mail order which are either delivered direct to the purchaser or collected by the purchaser from a shop or other collection point after they have been purchased.

Single stream - A single dry waste stream.

Supplier - In relation to a batch of dry recyclable waste received at a MF:

a. Where that batch comprises material collected pursuant to arrangements made by a waste collection authority under section 45(1)(a) or (b) of the Environmental Protection Act 1990(a), that authority is the supplier;

b. Where that batch has been transferred from another MF or group of facilities, the authorised MF operator of that MF or group of facilities from which that material was transferred is the supplier;

c. In any other case, the person or organisation who collected the material or, if that person or organisation is not known, the person or organisation responsible for delivering it to the MF is the supplier;

d. Where the batch comprises material from more than one supplier, and the proportion of that batch attributable to a particular supplier cannot accurately be ascertained, a reasonable estimate of the proportion is sufficient.

Target material - A material that is specifically targeted by the authorised MF operator of a materials facility as destined to be separated out from other material to facilitate its recycling.


Email: producerresponsibility@gov.scot

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