Publication - Statistics

Children's Social Work Statistics Scotland 2014/15

Published: 22 Mar 2016
Part of:
Statistics
ISBN:
9781786521965

A compendium of statistics on looked after children, child protection and secure care statistics for 2014/15.

50 page PDF

1.1 MB

50 page PDF

1.1 MB

Contents
Children's Social Work Statistics Scotland 2014/15
Secure Care Accommodation

50 page PDF

1.1 MB

Secure Care Accommodation

IconAverage number of residents has increased this year, reversing recent declines

IconEmergency bed usage is at highest recorded level

This section presents 2014-15 data on secure care accommodation. Secure care normally refers to accommodation for vulnerable young people who are likely to abscond and they are at risk of harm to themselves or others. They are usually placed in secure care on welfare grounds by the Children's Hearing System. Children can also be placed on offence grounds by the Hearings System or the Criminal Justice System.

As secure care accommodation is in place for a very specific group of individuals, numbers will be much smaller than for those who are looked after or on the child protection register. There is no apparent connection between trends - while increases have been seen for children on the child protection register over recent years, decreases have been experienced by those who are looked after or in secure care accommodation. It can be seen this year that trends in child protection and secure have both reversed.

Bed complement

There were 90 secure places available in five secure units excluding emergency beds on 31 July 2015 (Table 3.1). It should be noted that two units operated at reduced capacity for part of the year. There were an additional 6 beds available across these units for emergency and respite use - these would normally only be used if required and on a very short-term basis. The average cost per week of a secure bed during 2014-15 was £5,495.

Table 3.1: Secure care unit bed complement at 31 July 2015(1)

Unit Bed Complement
Edinburgh Secure Services 12
Good Shepherd 18
Kibble 18
Rossie School 18
St. Mary's Kenmure 24
ALL UNITS 90

(1) St Mary's' capacity was reduced to 21 beds from June 2014 - April 2015 and Rossie's capacity was reduced to 14 from April 2014 - April 2015.

There was an average of 82 residents in secure care accommodation throughout 2014-15, an increase of 11 per cent from 74 residents in the previous year and reversing the recent downward trend (Table 3.2). The number of young people in secure care accommodation throughout the year ranged from 71 to 89.

Capacity and usage

Table 3.2: Secure care accommodation capacity(1) and usage, 2012-2015

  2013 2014 2015 % change 2014-15
Secure Accommodation
Places at year end 90 90 90 0%
Admissions during the year 215 232 248 7%
Discharges during the year 228 226 245 8%
Average number of residents during the year 77 74 82 11%
Minimum number of residents during the year 66 60 71 18%
Maximum number of residents during the year 90 84 89 6%
Number of nights emergency bed used during the year 48 5 146 2,820%
Number of residents emergency bed used for during the year 15 3 13 333%

(1) Young people can be admitted and discharged more than once during the year.

Table 3.3 shows that the number of young people in secure care accommodation on 31 July 2015 was 84. Following a three year decrease from 2009-10, this has increased in the last two years, most recently by four per cent.

Sixty-nine per cent of young people in secure care accommodation on 31 July 2015 were male and just under 40 per cent were aged 16 years and over. Young people in secure care accommodation tend to be older than those looked after and on the child protection registers. The data shows the majority (70 per cent) of young people in secure care accommodation are 15 years or older. This is a very different pattern from what is seen in the child protection and looked after children data where the majority of children are under five and 11 respectively.

Ninety-three per cent of young people in secure care accommodation on 31 July 2015 had at least one additional support need and by far the most common category of additional support need was "other social, emotional and behavioural difficulties" (89 per cent). This is much higher than the proportions reported for children who are looked after or on the child protection register.

Table 3.3: Young people in secure care accommodation by gender, age, additional support needs and length of stay, 2013-2015(1)

  2013 2014 2015 % of 2015 total
Gender of residents
Males 47 52 58 69%
Females 27 29 26 31%
Age of Residents
13 years old or under 10 5 7 8%
14 years 9 12 18 21%
15 years 16 31 27 32%
16 years or over 39 33 32 38%
Residents with additional support needs(2)
Any known additional support needs 73 76 78 93%
Additional support needs, where known
Medically diagnosed social, emotional & behavioural difficulties 42 32 27 32%
Other social, emotional & behavioural difficulties 68 64 75 89%
Specific learning difficulties 11 5 1 1%
Mental health problems 26 31 28 33%
Language and communication disorder 6 10 8 10%
Visual impairment 13 13 14 17%
Other 31 32 28 33%
Length of stay of residents at year end
Less than 1 month 18 13 16 19%
1 month to under 2 months 8 14 16 19%
2 months to under 3 months 12 14 13 15%
3 months to under 6 months 18 23 26 31%
6 months to under 1 year 10 9 9 11%
1 year or more 8 8 4 5%
Total 74 81 84 100%

(1) As at 31 July of each year. From 2011, centres have opened and closed and total capacity has changed. Please refer to footnote 1 in Table 3.2 for more information on this.
(2) Due to small numbers, some additional support needs categories have been included in the 'Other' category. These include 'autistic spectrum disorder', 'hearing impairment', 'learning disability' and 'other chronic illness/disability'. Note that a young person can have multiple additional support needs.

Cells containing * represent numbers that are suppressed to maintain confidentiality.

Cross-UK secure care accommodation comparisons

Table 3.4: Number of secure children's homes/secure care accommodation units, places approved and children accommodated at year end across the United Kingdom(1), 2013-15

2013 2014 2015
England Number of secure children's homes 16 16 14
Places approved 274 276 232
Children accommodated 187 211 194
Wales Number of secure children's homes 1 1 1
Places approved 22 22 22
Children accommodated 19 18 11
Scotland(2) Number of secure care units 5 5 5
Places approved 90 90 90
Children accommodated 74 80 85

(1) Sources: England and Wales - Children accommodated in secure children's homes statistics; Scotland - Secure care accommodation census; Northern Ireland, official/national statistics are not produced on secure care accommodation. The legal routes into secure care can vary between the four UK countries.
(2) To allow for comparison with England and Wales, Scotland's data for all years is 'at 31 March' within this table only.

Table 3.4 secure children's homes/secure care accommodation units, places approved and children accommodated across the United Kingdom. This shows a downward trend in places approved and children accommodated in Wales and England since 2014 - this is the opposite to the trend in Scotland.


Contact

Email: Ian Volante