Publication - Research publication

Children's development at the start of school in Scotland and the progress made during their first school year: An analysis of PIPS baseline and follow-up assessment data

Published: 6 Jan 2016
Part of:
Research
ISBN:
9781785448942

This report shows the results of analysis on the starting points and progress of children in Scotland in Primary 1 in early maths, early literacy and non-cognitive development and behaviour.

60 page PDF

2.2 MB

60 page PDF

2.2 MB

Contents
Children's development at the start of school in Scotland and the progress made during their first school year: An analysis of PIPS baseline and follow-up assessment data
Appendix A

60 page PDF

2.2 MB

Appendix A

Description of method to establish a representative sample of PIPS data for Scotland and a stable cohort for trend analysis

Representativeness of the 2012/13 Scottish cohort

Those schools using PIPS completed background data for each pupil within the assessment when they started school in Primary 1 aged between four and a half and five and a half. This included home postcode and Scottish Candidate Number (SCN). Either of these measures can be used to allocate a pupil to one of the deciles linked to the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD). However, the assessment can be carried out without these details being completed and for the assessments administered in the 2012/13 academic year, the following information was available:

Number of pupils assessed: 20,775

Number of valid pupil postcodes: 6,519

Number of valid Scottish candidate IDs: 9,991

Number of pupils with either a valid postcode or SCID or both: 12,123

Figure 1 shows the distribution of pupils in Primary 1 by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD 2012) decile from data supplied by the Scottish Government Educational Analytical Services Division. 335 pupils with unknown data zone are not included.

Figure A-1: Number of pupils in each decile in Primary 1 in 2012 (Population 56,349)

Decile 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Total
Number 6,841 6,146 5,568 5,593 5,456 5,417 5,736 5,567 5,440 4,585 56,349
Proportion 0.12 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.08

This distribution can be compared with the distribution of pupils in the PIPS dataset based only on postcode information.

Figure A-2: Number of pupils in each decile from PIPS in 2012 based on postcodes (Sample 6,519)

Decile 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Total
Number 632 578 706 729 599 687 737 734 683 434 6,519
Proportion 0.10 0.09 0.11 0.11 0.09 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.07

The distribution of the number of pupils in the PIPS data set for whom home postcodes were available was fairly even across the deciles. The proportions were close to the full dataset with slightly fewer than expected for some groups (Deciles 1, 2 and 10).

Figure A-3: Number of pupils in each decile from PIPS in 2012 based on SCNs (Sample 9,911)

Decile 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Total
Number 1,015 1,227 1,064 1,194 1,024 914 911 901 1,136 525 9,911
Proportion 0.10 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.12 0.05

The distribution of the number of pupils in the PIPS data set for whom SCNs were available was also fairly even across the deciles. The proportions were close to the full dataset with slightly fewer than expected for some groups (deciles 1, 6, 7 and 10).

For 4,275 pupils, deciles were available which were derived from a postcode and SCN. The vast majority of these deciles were identical but in some cases they were not. The two sets of deciles were combined and, where there was conflict, the decile derived from the SCN was preferred. The resultant deciles derived from both postcodes and SCN are shown below in Figure 4.

Figure A-4: Number of pupils in each decile from PIPS in 2012 based on SCNs andpostcodes (Sample 12,123)

Decile 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Total
Number 1,147 1,372 1,264 1,437 1,240 1,170 1,222 1,189 1,373 709 12,123
Proportion 0.10 0.11 0.10 0.12 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.06

A proportional random sample of pupils in each decile from PIPS data was selected to give a representative sample of the National Dataset as supplied by the Scottish Government's Education Analytical Services. This is reported in Figure 5. This sample was used for further investigation.

Figure A-5: Number of pupils in each decile in Primary 1 in PIPS sample Scotland 2012 matched to National Distribution (Sample 6,627)

Decile 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Total
Number 788 722 656 656 656 656 656 656 656 525 6,627
Proportion 0.12 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.08

Contact

Email: Wendy van der Neut