Decreases for wheat area, yield and production
Wheat accounts for 25% total crop production.
Due to wet weather at planting, decreases in wheat have been seen for 2020 compared to the high values for 2019.
Wheat area decreased 13 per cent. A high yield was still achieved overall in 2020, although this decreased 2 per cent from 2019. As a result, production decreased by 14 per cent.
Industry experts indicate that wide variations in yield have been experienced across Scotland, with some farms reporting record yields while others had a poor wheat harvest.
Scottish wheat is mainly soft wheats used in distilling. In 2019, around 33 per cent of wheat was sold to merchants for malting.
The Scottish climate does not suit hard wheat varieties.