Care and Support for Adult Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings: A Review

A Review examining the care and support needs of victims of human trafficking and what works to meet those needs, including a consideration of Scottish provision.

Annex One

Questions used to discover if the respondent was a victim of slavery can assess the ability of the respondent to leave the situation, reach out for help over the phone, if the establishment is holding their personal documents or simply their ability to rest or stop the activity if they choose.

1. Do you live in the workplace?

2. Do they forbid you to talk about your work by telephone?

3. Can leave freely the place where you work?

4. Does your workplace keep your personal documents?

5. How often do you take a break?

Other questions are used to determine the degree of commercial exploitation. For example certain questions can reveal is the respondent is maintained by the establishment or boss possibly through debt bondage or if her income is given directly to her from the client and she manages her own income, or if her income goes through a boss or manager of the business who take a cut from the service payment and to what extent does that manager exploit the situation.

6. Does your workplace make discounts for: Accommodation, Food, Room, Clothing, Makeup and hair, Beverages, Fines, Others? None?

7. Do you have debt to pay in your work? What kind of debt?

8. Who pays for your services? Business owner, Manager, Client, Other?

9. How often are you paid? Daily, Weekly, Fortnightly, Monthly, Other?

10. How are you paid? They give your full payment, They give according to your needs, They keep it, Whatever the manager decides, Other?

Questions were also used to determine the extent of violence the respondent faced along with the extent to which she lived in fear. Finally, what reason, if any, did the respondent feel compelled to continue with the work.

11. Where you work have you received some type of abuse or violence? What kind? Physical (hitting)? Verbal (insults)? Forced sex? In having forced sex, did you have some subsequent STIs? Threat? Other?

12. Do you feel compelled to follow in this work for one of the following reasons? A debt in your work? Because they do not pay you the money owed? Because they will hurt you? Because they will report you to the immigration authorities or other authorities? Because they will hurt your family? Other?

13. In some other work place have you had these problems previously?[21]

Using these questions, created by ASI (Association of Comprehensive Health) 2008, for a previous study, Warden (2010) identified a number of former traffic victims and a brothel of potential current traffic victims, in Guatemala. Many of these questions have a list of possible responses that each help the victim articulate their experience; at times the experience was so traumatic that the respondents found themselves wordless. Additionally, this list of responses aided in maintaining consistency, while at the same time keeping a final option open in each question for the respondent to add anything or say anything in their own words so as not to detract from the lived experience of the respondent.


Email: Debbie Headrick

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