2 Bradshaw, P (2011) Changes in Child Cognitive Ability in the Pre-school Years, Edinburgh, Scottish Government http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/350161/0117210.pdf
3 Implementing Early Learning and Childcare under the Children and Young People (Scotland) Act 2014: Progress Update, Scottish Government, October 2016 http://www.gov.scot/publications/implementing-early-learning-childcare-under-children-young-people-scotland-act/
4 Empowering Teachers, Parents and Communities to Achieve Excellence and Equity in Education: A Governance Review, Scottish Government, September 2016 http://www.gov.scot/publications/empowering-teachers-parents-communities-achieve-excellence-equity-education-governance-review/
5 The ELC Strategic Forum, chaired by the Minister for Childcare and Early Years, advises the Scottish Government on strategic direction and implementation of early learning and childcare and out of school care policy. They have met three times since they were formed in November 2015.
6 Scottish Government (2016) Tackling Inequalities in the Early Years: Key Messages from 10 Years of the Growing Up in Scotland Study. p. 18. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2015/10/7513
13 Financial review of early learning and childcare in Scotland: the current landscape, Scottish Government, September 2016 http://www.gov.scot/publications/financial-review-early-learning-childcare-scotland-current-landscape/
16 OECD (2011), Doing Better for Families http://www.oecd.org/social/soc/doingbetterforfamilies.htm
17 Scottish Government 2016 Financial review of early learning and childcare in Scotland: the current landscape http://www.gov.scot/publications/financial-review-early-learning-childcare-scotland-current-landscape/
19 The Bairn Necessities, Student parents' experiences of education at college and university in Scotland, NUS Scotland, June 2016, http://www.nusconnect.org.uk/resources/the-bairn-necessities
22 For example, in 2014-15, local authorities were provided an additional £69 million in revenue costs to support the implementation of the 2014 Act, but local authorities reported that total spending on ELC compared to 2013-14 only increased by £26.9 million.
24 Self-directed support allows people, their carers and their families to make informed choices on what their support looks like and how it is delivered, making it possible to meet agreed personal outcomes. It includes a range of options to ensure everyone can exercise choice and control including: a Direct Payment (a cash payment); funding allocated to a provider of the person's choice (sometimes called an individual service fund, where the council holds the budget but the person is in charge of how it is spent); the council can arrange a service; or a mix of these options can be chosen for different types of support.