Publication - Publication

Biomass action plan for Scotland

Published: 19 Mar 2007

Biomass action plan for Scotland.

80 page PDF

1.7 MB

80 page PDF

1.7 MB

Contents
Biomass action plan for Scotland
ANNEX D - Glossary

80 page PDF

1.7 MB

ANNEX D - Glossary

ACRONYMS AND OTHER ABBREVIATIONS

AD

Anaerobic Digestion

BEG

FREDS Biomass Energy Group

BEN

Scottish Renewables Forum Bioenergy Network

BHAP

Carbon Trust Biomass Heat Acceleration Programme

CAP

Common Agricultural Policy

CHP

Combined Heat and Power

CO2

Carbon dioxide

CONFOR

Confederation of Forest Industries

COSLA

Convention of Scottish Local Authorities

DEFRA

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

DTI

Department of Trade and Industry

EC

European Council/European Commission

EEAC

Energy Efficiency Advice Centre

EPBD

Energy Performance of Buildings Directive

ERDC

Environment and Rural Development Committee

EST

Energy Saving Trust

ECA

Enhanced Capital Allowances

ETS

Emissions Trading Scheme

EU

European Union

EU ETS

European Union Emissions Trading Scheme

FCS

Forestry Commission Scotland

FREDS

The Forum for Renewable Energy Development in Scotland

GAEC

Good Agricultural and Environmental Condition

GHG

Greenhouse gases

GW

Gigawatt (unit of power)

kWh

Kilowatt hours

LCBP

Low Carbon Building Programme

LMCs

Land Management Contracts

MBT

Mechanical and Biological Treatment (of waste)

MSW

Municipal Solid Waste

MW

Megawatt (unit of power)

MWe

Megawatt electrical capacity

MWth

Megawatt thermal capacity

MtC

Million tonnes of carbon

Netcen

National Environmental Technology Centre

NFUS

National Farmers Union Scotland

NPPG

National Planning Policy Guideline

NTS

National Transport Strategy

NVZ

Nitrate Vulnerable Zone

NWP

National Waste Plan

Odt

Oven dried tonnes (in relation to wood fuel)

Ofgem

The Office of Gas and Electricity Markets.

OSR

Oil Seed Rape

PAN

Planning Advice Note

PEPFAA

The Prevention of Environmental Pollution from Agricultural Activity

PPC

Pollution Prevention and Control

PPP

Public Private Partnership

RDR

Rural Development Regulations

ROC

Renewables Obligation Certificate

ROS

The Renewables Obligation (Scotland)

RSA

Regional Selective Assistance

RTFO

Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation

SBSA

Scottish Building Standards Agency

SBSS

Scottish Biomass Support Scheme

SCHRI

Scottish Community and Household Renewables Initiative

SCCP

Scottish Climate Change Programme

SEA

Strategic Environmental Assessment

SEFCSD

Scottish Executive Finance and Central Services Department

SEPA

Scottish Environment Protection Agency

SEETLLD

Scottish Executive Enterprise Transport and Lifelong Learning Department

SEERAD

Scottish Executive Environment and Rural Affairs Department

SFGS

Scottish Forestry Grants Scheme

SNH

Scottish Natural Heritage

SMEs

Small and Medium sized Enterprises

SNH

Scottish Natural Heritage

SNIFFER

Scotland and Northern Ireland Forum for Environmental Research

SPP

Scottish Planning Policy

SRC

Short Rotation Coppice

SRF

Short Rotation Forestry

SWF

Strategic Waste Fund

TWh

Terawatt hours

UKCCP

UK Climate Change Programme

UKCIP

UK Climate Impacts Programme

UKWAS

UK Woodland Assurance Scheme

WEWS

The Water Environment and Water Services

WRAP

The Waste and Resources Action Programme

DEFINITIONS

Anaerobic digestion is the breakdown of organic matter by bacteria in the absence of oxygen. This process is used to generate energy (electricity or heat).

Biodiversity is the existence of a wide range of different types of organisms in a given place at a given time.

Bioenergy is energy from heat, electricity and transport generated from renewable biomass.

Biofuel is any fuel derived from biomass, such as ethanol, biodiesel and methanol

Biomass is biological material which can be derived from forestry, energy crops (such as short rotation coppice and miscanthus) agricultural plant and animal waste.

Brash is the branch-wood and leaf material that is generally too small in diameter to be considered part of the timber product from a harvesting site.

Carbon emissions a term generally used to describe the level of carbon, usually in the form of carbon dioxide, exhausted into the atmosphere by a process.

Carbon neutral (low carbon) a term used to describe processes that have a zero or very low contribution to atmospheric carbon. Using woodfuel for heat and power can be described as carbon neutral because the carbon emitted during combustion is equal to the carbon absorbed by the trees when they were growing.

CHP a term used to describe systems that derive and utilise both thermal and electricity energy from a given fuel source.

Combustion is the process of converting fuel into heat energy.

Coppice is the practice of harvesting the above ground part of a tree for timber and allowing the new shoots to re-grow in a cycle normally extending over a number of years.

District heating scheme a system by which heat is distributed via underground pipe-work from a single centralised boiler to a number of individual users, usually domestic dwellings.

Energy crop typically a crop of trees, woody plants or grasses grown for the purpose of providing biomass for energy.

Enhanced Capital Allowances enable businesses to claim 100% first year capital allowances on investments in energy saving technologies and products.

Fossil fuels are fossilised fuel such as coal, mineral oil and natural gas. When burnt fossil fuel releases carbon into the atmosphere that has been trapped beneath the earth's surface for millions of years. Thus fossil fuel use can contribute to an increase in current atmospheric greenhouse gases and lead to global warming.

Gasification is conversion of solid material such as woodchip into a gas for use as a fuel.

GHG or greenhouse gases are gaseous components of the atmosphere that contribute to the greenhouse effect.

LMC or Land Management Contracts are the mechanism for delivering support to rural Scotland.

Miscanthus is a grass often planted as an energy crop.

Moisture content (mc%) is the percentage by weight of water in a material.

Oven dry tonne (odt) - 1 tonne of material (woodfuel) at 0% moisture content.

Pellets are small diameter cylindrical section of compressed sawdust formed by passing dry sawdust under high pressure through a dye. Usually between 6-8mm in diameter and 10 to 30mm in length.

Pyrolysis is the chemical decomposition of woodchips by the action of heat to produce a liquid fuel.

Renewable energy is energy that has been obtained from a potentially infinite resource such as wood, sunshine or the wind.

Renewable fuel is fuel that is considered to be an infinite resource if its source is sustainably managed. Examples can include woodfuel, miscanthus or the wind.

Short rotation coppice is the practice of growing and harvesting the above ground part of a crop, usually of willow, for biomass and then allowing new shoots to regrow from the harvested stumps (also known as stools) in a short cycle (3 to 5 years).

Short rotation forestry is the practice of growing a specific crop of trees, usually poplar, for biomass over a relatively short rotation (usually no more than 15 years).

Solid fuel is fuel in solid form, typically wood or coal, often used in stoves, open fires and some boilers.

Sustainable is meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.

Sustainable forest management is the process of managing forests to provide goods and services without degradation of the site quality, and without a decline in the yield of goods and services over time. These goods and services can be disparate and may include, for example, timber, amenity value, inherent biodiversity, landscape value (see 'sustainable').

Woodchips are small fragments of timber sliced from a larger log or piece of timber by a chipper, usually to a specified size.