3. Facts and Figures
Bioenergy is a flexible renewable energy resource that can be used to meet demand for heat, electricity or to support industrial decarbonisation. The feedstock comes from a wide range of diverse sources, and at its simplest is categorised as "dry or "wet"- as outlined below.
- The majority of both capacity and output of Scotland's renewable heat in 2019 came from biomass primary combustion and biomass combined heat and power (CHP). Together, these technologies account for 1.65 GW of capacity and 3,678 GWh of output. Biomethane makes up 14% of output, followed by heat pumps (8%) and energy from waste (7%).
- Almost half (44%) of renewable heat output comes from 90 large installations of over 1 MW.  The biomass (heat) and CHP feedstock is mostly from forest and timber supply chain wood and woodchip.
- The majority of the rise in renewable heat output in 2019 is due to a 26% increase in biomethane output.
|Technology||Annual Output (GWh)||Number of Installations|
|Energy from Waste||383||170|
- Bioenergy and energy from waste accounted for 8.1% of all renewable electricity generated in Scotland in 2019 (2,472 GWh).
- There is 183 MW of bioenergy projects in the pipeline, the vast majority of which are energy from waste projects.
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