Chapter 15: Offences
Section 49 provides that it is an offence to prevent or obstruct any person from doing anything they are authorised or entitled to do under the Act, without reasonable excuse. It is also an offence to refuse, without reasonable excuse, to comply with a request to provide information made under Section 10 (examination of records etc.). However if the adult at risk prevents or obstructs a person, or refuses to comply with a request to provide access to any records, then the adult will not have committed an offence.
A person found guilty of these offences is liable on summary conviction to:
- a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale; and/or
- imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months.
Offences by corporate bodies etc.
Where it is proven that an offence under Part 1 of the Act was committed with the consent or connivance of, or was attributable to any neglect on the part of a 'relevant person', or a person purporting to act in that capacity, that person as well as the body corporate, partnership or unincorporated association is also guilty of an offence.
A 'relevant person' for the purposes of this section means:
- a director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of a body corporate such as limited company, a plc., or a company established by a charter or by Act of Parliament;
- a member, where the affairs of the body are managed by its members;
- an officer or member of the council;
- a partner in a Scottish partnership; or
- a person who is concerned in the management or control of an unincorporated association other than a Scottish partnership.
An unincorporated association is the most common form of organisation within the independent and third sector in Scotland. It is a contractual relationship between the individual members of the organisation, all of whom have agreed or "contracted" to come together for a particular charitable purpose. Unlike an incorporated body the association has no existence or personality separate from its individual members.
Links to other legislation and guidance
Adult support and protection: learning review guidance - gov.scot (www.gov.scot) Adult Support and Protection National Strategic Forum - gov.scot (www.gov.scot) Adults with Incapacity (Scotland) Act 2000 (legislation.gov.uk)
British Sign Language
Carers (Scotland) Act 2016
Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2016
Data Protection Act 2018
Health (Tobacco, Nicotine etc., and Care) (Scotland) Act 2016
Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973
Social Care (Self-directed Support) (Scotland) Act 2013
UNCRC (Incorporation) (Scotland) Bill
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