We recognise the contribution that nuclear generation makes to the energy mix in Scotland. However, its contribution will decrease as we increase electricity generation from renewable and other low carbon sources. 
As set out in our Draft Energy Strategy and Just Transition Plan (2023), significant growth in renewables, storage, hydrogen and carbon capture provide the best pathway to net zero by 2045. It will also deliver a climate friendly energy system that delivers affordable, resilient and clean energy supplies for Scotland's households, business and communities.


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Scotland has a long history of nuclear research and electricity generation. Nuclear energy accounted for 30% of electricity generated in Scotland in 2021. Scotland has one EDF-owned nuclear station currently generating electricity, Torness, and four Nuclear Decommissioning Authority-owned civil nuclear sites at advanced stages of decommissioning, at Dounreay, Chapelcross, and Hunterston A and B.

New technologies

We are aware of increasing interest in the development of new nuclear technologies such as small modular reactors. Whilst small modular reactors are innovative in their size and construction technique, they use the same method of electricity generation as traditional nuclear fission. They have the same environmental concerns as traditional nuclear power plants and their economic competitiveness is still to be proven in practice, once deployed.

Nuclear Sector Deal

In 2023, we are discussing the Nuclear Sector Deal with the UK Government, including the UK’s proposals for decommissioning and the opportunities it could hold for Scottish businesses.

Bills and legislation

View a list of radioactive waste legislation.

Other nuclear legislation is reserved to the UK Government.


Nuclear energy policy enquiries: electricitynetworksteam@gov.scot

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