Young people's experiences of precarious and flexible work – Evidence Review

This evidence review presents findings on young people's experiences of precarious and flexible work. These work conditions included where young people had for example zero hours contracts, low wages, lack of progression opportunities, dissatisfaction with current employment, or varying hours.

Appendix 1: References

Benach, J, Vives, A, Tarafa, G, Delclos, C, Muntaner, C, 2016, What should we know about precarious employment and health in 2025? Framing the agenda for the next decade of research,

Broughton, A, Green, M, Rickard, C, Swift, S, Eichhorst, W, Tobsch, V, Magda, I, Lewandowski, P, Keister, R, Jonaviciene, D, Ramos Martin, N, Valsamis, D and Tros, F, European Parliament 2016, Precarious Employment in Europe Part 1: Patterns, Trends and Policy Strategy,

Cheese, P, Royal College of Nursing, 2013, Nursing Standard, Volume 28, Issue 3, Zero-hours contracts can work for employers and employees

CIPD, 2017, To gig or not to gig? – Stories from the modern economy

Citizens advice, 2019,

Conaty, P, Bird, A, and Ross, C, 2018, Working Together, Trade union and co-operative innovations for precarious workers,

Economy, Energy and Tourism Committee, 2016, Taking the High Road – Work, Wages and wellbeing in the Scottish Labour Market,

Eurofound 2018, European Observatory of Working Life – EurWORK

Hay, C, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2015, What do low-paid workers think would improve their working lives?

Hirsch, D, CPAG Poverty, 2017, Not by Pay Alone

Hudson-Sharp, N, and Runge, J, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, 2017, International Trends in Insecure Work,

Judge, L, and Tomlinson, D, Resolution Foundation, 2016, Secret Agents: agency workers in the new world of work,

Keith Puttick, Industrial Law Journal, Vol 48, No 2, June 2019, From Mini to Maxi Jobs? Low Pay, ‘Progression’, and the Duty to Work (Harder),

Koukiadaki, A, and Katsaroumpas, I, European Parliament, 2017, Temporary Contracts, Precarious Employment, Employees’ Fundamental Rights and EU Employment Law

McLister, M, Citizen’s Advice Scotland, 2012, Degrees of Insecurity, Graduate employment issues in Scotland,

Neil Mackay, The Herald, 28th October 2018, Tales from the gig economy: Real people, real stories

Nikhil Datta, London School of Economics and Political Science Business Review, 2019, Workers would give up half their hourly wages in exchange for a steady job,

Office for National Statistics, 2018, Labour Force Survey

Quinlan, M, and Bohle, B, 2004, Contingent work and occupational safety, The Psychology of Workplace Safety, American Psychological Association, 81-106

Quinlan, M, and Bohle, B, 2008, Under pressure, out of control, or home alone? Reviewing research and policy debates on the occupational health and safety effects of outsourcing and home-based work, 2008, International Journal of Health Services, Volume 38, Number 3 Pages 489-523

RBS, 2019, Gig economy “a springboard for entrepreneurs”,

Schiek, D, and Gideon, A, 2018, Outsmarting the gig-economy through collective bargaining – EU competition law as a barrier, European (Legal) studies on-line papers, Volume 7 (2018), Issue 2

Scottish Government Social Research, 2015, What do we know about In-Work Poverty? A summary of the evidence

Taylor, M, 2017, Good Work: The Taylor Review of Modern Working Practices, 

Trade Union Congress (TUC), 2016, Living on the Edge,

Underhill, E, and Quinlan, M, 2011, How Precarious Employment Affects Health and Safety at Work: The Case of Temporary Agency Workers, Relations Industrielles/Industrial Relations, Vol. 66, No. 3, 2011

UWS-Oxfam Partnership, 2016a, Decent work for Scotland’s low-paid workers: A job to be done,

UWS-Oxfam Partnership, 2016b, What Scotland’s future workforce think about decent work,

Zlata Rodionova, The independent, March 2017, Asda offers 135,000 staff pay rise in exchange for 'flexible' contracts,



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