Women in agriculture - leadership programme development: research

This report outlines the main findings of research conducted to inform the development of a leadership programme for women in agriculture, which will be funded by Scottish Government through the Women in Agriculture Development Programme.


Adler, N. J., Brody, L. W., and Osland, J. S. (2001). Going behind twentieth century leadership: A CEO develops his company's global competitiveness. Cross-Cultural Management, 8, 11–34.

Athanasopoulou, A., Moss-Cowan, A., Smets, M. and Morris, T. (2017) 'Claiming the corner office: Female CEO careers and implications for leadership development' Human Resource Management, 57:2, pp. 617-639.

Berry, P. and Franks, T. J. (2010). 'Women in the world of corporate business: Looking at the glass ceiling'. Contemporary Issues in Education Research, 3(2), 1-9. Boatwright, K. J., and Egidio, R. K. (2003). 'Psychological predictors of college women's leadership aspirations'. Journal of College Student Development, 44, 653–669

Brass, D. J., Galaskiewicz, J., Greve, H. R., and Tsai, W. (2004). 'Taking stock of networks and organizations: A multilevel perspective.' Academy of Management Journal, 47, 795–817.

Brue, K.L. and Brue, S.A. (2016) 'Experiences and Outcomes of a Women's Leadership Development Program: A Phenomenological Investigation.' The Journal of Leadership Education, 15:3., 75-97.

Cleveland, M. and Cleveland, S. (2020) 'Culturally Agile Leadership: A Relational Leadership Development Approach' International Journal of Public and Private Perspectives on Healthcare, Culture, and the Environment, 4:1, pp.1-9.

Cohn, J. M., Khurana, R., and Reeves, L. (2005) 'Growing talent as if your business depended on it.' Harvard Business Review, 62–70.

Conger, J. A., & Benjamin, B. (1999). Building leaders: How successful companies develop the next generation. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.

Cullen-Lester, K. L., Maupin, C. K., and Carter, D. R. (2017). 'Incorporating social networks into leadership development: A conceptual model and evaluation of research and practice'. The Leadership Quarterly, 28:1, 130-152.

Cunliffe, A. L., and Eriksen, M. (2011). 'Relational leadership', Human Relations, 64:11, 1425–1449.

Debebe, G. (2007). 'Inspiring Transformation… Lessons from the Cgiar Women's Leadership Series', working paper. The Center for Gender in Organizations. Available here: https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/132693816.pdf

Debebe, G. (2011). 'Creating a safe environment for women's leadership transformation'. Journal of Managerial Education, 35:5, 679-712.

DeRue, D. S., & Ashford, S. J. 2010. Who will lead and who will follow: A social process of leadership identity construction in organizations. Academy of Management Review, 35: 627– 647.

Duncan, N.A., Williams-Findlay, B., Clifford, A.P., Emira, M., Taysum, A., Brewster, S., and Guilds, L. (2015). 'Understanding leadership in higher education from a disability perspective'. Reading: British Educational Leadership, Management and Administration Society. Accessed 29/06/21: https://wlv.openrepository.com/handle/2436/601215

Dunne, C., Siettou, C., and Wilson, P. (2020) 'Identifying the role of women in UK farming through a systematic review of international literature.' Paper prepared for presentation at the 94th Annual Conference of the Agricultural Economics Society, KULeuven, Belgium. Accessed 18/06/21: https://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/303698/

Eich, D. (2008) 'A Grounded Theory of High-Quality Leadership Programs: Perspectives From Student Leadership Development Programs in Higher Education' Journal of Leadership and Organisational Studies, 15:2, pp.176-187.

Ely, R. J., Ibarra, H., and Kolb, D. M. (2011). Taking gender into account: Theory and design for women's leadership programs. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 10:3, 474-493.

Eriksen, M. (2009). Authentic leadership: Practical reflexivity, self-awareness and self-authorship. Journal of Management Education, 33, 747-771.

Friedrich, T. L., Vessey, W. B., Schuelke, M. J., Ruark, G. A., and Mumford, M. D. (2006) 'A framework for understanding collective leadership: The selective utilization

of leader and team expertise within networks'. The Leadership Quarterly, 20, 933–958 Fassinger, R. E., Shullman, S. L., and Stevenson, M. R. (2010). 'Toward an affirmative lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender leadership paradigm' American Psychologist, 65:3, pp. 201–215.

Fulmer, R. M., and Bleak, J. (2008). 'What have we learned about strategic leadership development?' in C. Wankel and R. DeFillippi, eds., University and corporate innovations in lifetime learning (pp. 161–179). Charlotte, NC: Information Age.

Hopkins, M. M., O'Neil, D. A., & Bilimoria, D. (2006). Effective leadership and successful career advancement: Perspectives from women in healthcare. Equal Opportunities International, 25, 251–271.

Hopkins, M. M., O'Neil, D., Passarelli, A., Bilimoria, D. (2008). Women's leadership development: Strategic practices for women in organizations. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 60, 348-365.

Ibarra, H., Carter, N. M., and Silva, C. (2010) 'Why men still get more promotions than women'. Harvard Business Review, 88, 80–126.

Kezar, A. and Lester, J. (2010) 'Breaking the Barriers of Essentialism in Leadership Research: Positionality as a Promising Approach' Feminist Formations 22:1, pp. 163-185.

Kim, T.H. and Thompson, J.M. (2012) 'Organizational and Market Factors Associated with Leadership Development Programs in Hospitals: A National Study' Journal of Healthcare Management, 57:2, 113-132.

Kolb, D. M., Williams, J., and Frohlinger, C. (2010) Her place at the table: A woman's guide to negotiating five key challenges to leadership success. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Kramer, M. W. (2006). 'Shared leadership in a community theater group: Filling the leadership role'. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 34, 141–162.

Kramer, M.W. and Crespy, D.A (2011) 'Communicating collaborative leadership' The Leadership Quarterly, 22:5, pp.1024-1037.

Le Feuvre, N. (2009). 'Lessons for equal opportunity policies', Equal Opportunities International, 28, 9-23.

Mattis, M. C. (2001). Advancing women in business organizations: Key leadership roles and behaviors of senior leaders and middle managers. Journal of Management Development, 20, 371–388.

McKee, A. and Sutherland, L. (2021) 'The Changing Role of Women in Farming, Crofting, and the Agricultural Industry: 2016-2021'. Available here: https://www.hutton.ac.uk/sites/default/files/files/publications/Changing-Role-of-Women-in-Farming-final-report-Hutton-24_11_21.pdf

Meehan, D. (2007). Learning like a girl. New York, NY: Public Affairs.

McCauley, C. D., and Van Velsor, E. (Eds.). (2004). The Center for Creative Leadership handbook of leadership development. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Mirvis, P. H., and Ayas, K. (2003). 'Reflective dialogue, life stories, and leadership development.' Reflections: The SoL Journal, 4:4, 39-48.

O'Neil, D. A., and Bilimoria, D. (2005). Women's career development phases: Idealism, endurance, and reinvention. Career Development International, 10, 168–189.

O'Neil, D. A. and Bilimoria, D. (2008). Women's career development phases: Idealism, endurance, and reinvention. Career Development International, 10, 168-189.

Ospina, S. and Foldy, E. (2009) 'A critical review of race and ethnicity in the leadership literature: Surfacing context, power and the collective dimensions of leadership' The Leadership Quarterly, 20:6, pp.876-896.

Pini, B. 2002. Constraints to women's involvement in agricultural leadership. Women in Management Review. 17:6, 276-284

Priola, V. and Brannan, M. J. (2009). 'Exploring women's experience of participation and progress in managerial careers'. Equal Opportunities International, 28, 378-397.

Ruderman, M. N., and Ohlott, P. J. (2005). Leading roles: What coaches of women need to know. Leadership in Action, 25:3, 3-9.

Sealy R and Vinnicombe S (2013) False Dawn of Progress for Women on Boards? The Female FTSE Board Report 2013. Cranfield: Cranfield International Centre for Women Leaders.

Shortall, S. et al. (2017) 'Women in farming and the agriculture sector' Available here: Women in Farming and the Agriculture Sector (www.gov.scot)

Showunmi, V., Atewologun, D., and Bebbington, D. (2016) 'Ethnic, gender and class intersections in British women's leadership experiences' Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 44:6, 917–935.

Sturm, S. (2001) 'Second generation employment discrimination: A structural approach'. Columbia Law Review, 101: 458 –568.

The Social Mobility Commission (2021) 'Navigating the labyrinth: Socio-economic background and career progression within the Civil Service'. Available here: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/navigating-the-labyrinth

Vinnicombe, S. and Singh, V. (2003) 'Women-only management training: An essential part of women's leadership development' Journal Of Change Management, 3:4.

Whitehead, S. (2001), ''Woman as manager: a seductive ontology'', Gender, Work and Organization, 8:1, pp. 84-107.

Williams, C.L., Kilanski, K. and Muller, C., 2014. Corporate diversity programs and gender inequality in the oil and gas industry, Work and Occupations 41:4: 440-476.


Email: socialresearch@gov.scot

Back to top