Vaping as a gateway to smoking – evidence briefing

This briefing presents our understanding of the role played by vaping in smoking initiation based on the examination of existing literature and engagement work with national and international experts.


The expression “gateway effect” is commonly used to describe the hypothesis that vaping products can act as a stepping stone to tobacco smoking. It is assumed this would be mostly the result of exposure to nicotine and consequent addiction to it, but also determined by similar hand-to-mouth behaviours.



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