Prison population: physical health care needs

Research into physical health challenges experienced by people in prison. One of four studies on the health needs of Scotland's prison population.


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Field, C., Zovko, A., & Bowman, J. (2020). An examination of chronic ill-health and lifestyle factors among inmates: Searching for the healthy immigrant effect in New South Wales Prisons. International Journal of Prisoner Health, 16(2), 207-19.

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Graham, L. (2007). Prison health in Scotland: A health care needs assessment. Scottish Prison Service.

Gray, B. J., Craddock, C., Couzens, Z., Bain, E., Dunseath, G. J., Shankar, A. G., Luzio, S. D., & Perrett, S. E. (2021). Estimating the burden of type 2 diabetes in the UK prison environment for the next decade. Primary Care Diabetes, 15(6), 1110-1112.

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McMillan, T. M., Aslam, H., Crowe, E., Seddon, E., & Barry, S. J. E. (2021). Associations between significant head injury and persisting disability and violent crime in women in prison in Scotland, UK: A cross-sectional study. Lancet Psychiatry, 8, 512-520.

McMillan, T. M., Graham, L., Pell, J. P., McConnachie, A., & Mackay, D. F. (2019). The lifetime prevalence of hospitalised head injury in Scottish prisons: A population study. PLoS ONE, 14(1), 1-10.

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Mills, L.S. (2015). Diabetes behind bars: considerations for managing diabetes within the prison setting. Diabetes and Primary Care, 17(6), 290-295.

Mohamed, Z., Scott, N., Al‐Kurdi, D., Selvapatt, N., Thursz, M. R., Lemoine, M., Brown, A. S., & Nayagam, S. (2020). Cost‐effectiveness of strategies to improve HCV screening, linkage‐to‐care and treatment in remand prison settings in England. Liver International, 40(12), 2950-2960.

Moynan, C. R., & McMillan, T. M. (2018). Prevalence of head injury and associated disability in prison populations: A systematic review. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 33(4), 275-282.

Munday, D., Leaman, J., O'Moore, É., & Plugge, E. (2019). The prevalence of non-communicable disease in older people in prison: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Age and Ageing, 48(2), 204-212.

Nakitanda, A. O., Montanari, L., Tavoschi, L., Mozalevskis, A., & Duffell, E. (2020). Hepatitis C virus infection in EU/EEA and United Kingdom prisons: Opportunities and challenges for action. BMC Public Health, 20(1), 1-12.

Nakitanda, A. O., Montanari, L., Tavoschi, L., Mozalevskis, A., & Duffell, E. (2021). Hepatitis B virus infection in EU/EEA and United Kingdom prisons: A descriptive analysis. Epidemiology & Infection, 149, 1-7.

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Omolade, S. (2014). The needs and characteristics of older prisoners: Results from the Surveying Prisoner Crime Reduction (SPCR) survey. Ministry of Justice Analytical Summary. London, MoJ:

Packham, C., Butcher, E., Williams, M., Miksza, J., Morriss, R., & Khunti, K. (2020). Cardiovascular risk profiles and the uptake of the NHS Healthcheck programme in male prisoners in six UK prisons: an observational cross-sectional survey. BMJ Open, 10, 1-8.

Perrett, S. E., Plimmer, A., Shankar, A. G., & Craine, N. (2020). Prevalence of HCV in prisons in Wales, UK and the impact of moving to opt-out HCV testing. Journal of Public Health, 42(2), 423-428.

Prison Reform Trust (2019). Why focus on reducing women's imprisonment? Scotland fact sheet. Prison Reform Trust.

Prisons and Probation Ombudsman (2012). Learning from PPO investigations: Natural cause deaths in prison custody 2007-2010. London: Prisons and Probation Ombudsman.

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Public Health England (2015). West Midlands Prisons Health Needs Assessments 2014-2015 Regional Report. NHS England Health & Justice Staffordshire & Shropshire Local Area Team.

Public Health England (2021). NHS population screening: improving access for people in secure and detained settings.

Puglisi, L. B., Winkelman, T. N., Gross, C. P., & Wang, E. A. (2020). Cancer prevalence among adults with criminal justice involvement from a national survey. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 35(3), 967-968.

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Rocha, D. B., Sanchez, D., Grandizio, L. C., Maniar, H. H., & Horwitz, D. S. (2020). Traumatic orthopaedic injuries in the prison population. JAAOS Global Research & Reviews, 4(4).

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Williams, M., Thomson, L., Butcher, E., Morriss, R., Khunti, K., & Packham, C. (2020). NHS Health Check Programme: A qualitative study of prison experience. Journal of Public Health, 44(1), 174-183.

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