Systems of local governance and how citizens participate: international review

Analyses local governance systems in seven case studies across the world, and how citizens are able to participate in local governance. The case studies are Denmark, England, Germany, New Zealand, Quebec, Scotland, and Uruguay.


Thanks are due to the members of the Research Advisory Group for their support and guidance; and also to the international interviewees who shared their knowledge and other information so helpfully and openly.


The International Review was undertaken by Dr Nick Bland, with help from Kate Kilpatrick and Natali Dimitrova.

Nick Bland was Research Adviser, Local Governance Review, Scottish Government.

Kate Kilpatrick is a Principal Research Officer, Scottish Government.

Natali Dimitrova was a member of the Local Governance Review team.



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