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Adolescents' screen time, sleep and mental health: literature review

Systematic review summarising the published experimental and longitudinal evidence on adolescent screen time, sleep and mental health.


Appendix A: Ovid Medline search string for Research Questions 1-4

Ovid MEDLINE(R) without Revisions 1996 to May Week 3

# Searches
1 Adolescent/
2 "adolesc*".ab,ti.
3 boys.ab,ti.
4 girls.ab,ti.
5 "child*".ab,ti.
6 freshman.ab,ti.
7 freshmen.ab,ti.
8 "college student*".ab,ti.
9 "generation Y".ab,ti.
10 "Millennial*".ab,ti.
11 "Schoolchild*".ab,ti.
12 "Teen*".ab,ti.
13 "Undergraduate*".ab,ti.
14 "young people* ".ab,ti.
15 "youth*".ab,ti.
16 "young person* ".ab,ti.
17 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 or 9 or 10 or 11 or 12 or 13 or 14 or 15 or 16
18 Internet/
19 Online Social Networking/
20 Online social networking.ab,ti.
21 Social Media/
22 "social network*".ab,ti.
23 "SNSs".ab,ti.
24 "Social networking site* ".ab,ti.
25 "website*".ab,ti.
26 online.ab,ti.
27 Digital media.ab,ti.
28 electronic media.ab,ti.
29 "screen use".ab,ti.
30 "screen time".ab,ti.
31 facebook.ab,ti.
32 whatsapp.ab,ti.
33 skype.ab,ti.
34 "video streaming".ab,ti.
35 Buzzfeed.ab,ti.
36 iTunes.ab,ti.
37 Instagram.ab,ti.
38 Pintrest.ab,ti.
39 Twitter.ab,ti.
40 Tumblr.ab,ti.
41 "Chatroom*".ab,ti.
42 Cyber.ab,ti.
43 Snapchat.ab,ti.
44 Youtube.ab,ti.
45 Bebo.ab,ti.
46 Myspace.ab,ti.
47 "Blog*".ab,ti.
48 Selfie.ab,ti.
49 Sexting.ab,ti.
50 "instant messaging".ab,ti.
51 Texting.ab,ti.
52 "Vlog*".ab,ti.
53 "mobile phone*".ab,ti.
54 "mobile gaming".ab,ti.
55 cell phone.ab,ti.
56 Cell Phone/
57 cellular phone.ab,ti.
58 "smartphone*".ab,ti.
59 "smart phone*".ab,ti.
60 "laptop*".ab,ti.
61 ipad.ab,ti.
62 "computer tablet*".ab,ti.
63 "mobile tablet* ".ab,ti.
64 scrolling.ab,ti.
65 18 or 19 or 20 or 21 or 22 or 23 or 24 or 25 or 26 or 27 or 28 or 29 or 30 or 31 or 32 or 33 or 34 or 35 or 36 or 37 or 38 or 39 or 40 or 41 or 42 or 43 or 44 or 45 or 46 or 47 or 48 or 49 or 50 or 51 or 52 or 53 or 54 or 55 or 56 or 57 or 58 or 59 or 60 or 61 or 62 or 63 or 64
66 Sleep/
67 Sleep Deprivation/ or Sleep Hygiene/ or Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm/ or Sleep/ or "Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders"/ or Sleep Wake Disorders/
68 sleeplessness.ab,ti.
69 "sleep problem* ".ab,ti.
70 "sleep duration".ab,ti.
71 sleeping.ab,ti.
72 Sleep paralysis.ab,ti.
73 insomnia.ab,ti.
74 "sleep quality".ab,ti.
75 Sleep deprivation.ab,ti.
76 "Sleep disorder*".ab,ti.
77 "Sleep onset".ab,ti.
78 "sleep latency".ab,ti.
79 Parasomnia.ab,ti.
80 "Somatic problems".ab,ti.
81 "Circadian rhythm".ab,ti.
82 "Nightmare*".ab,ti.
83 Night awakening.ab,ti.
84 Wakefulness.ab,ti.
85 66 or 67 or 68 or 69 or 70 or 71 or 72 or 73 or 74 or 75 or 76 or 77 or 78 or 79 or 80 or 81 or 82 or 83 or 84
86 17 and 65 and 85
87 well-being.ab,ti.
88 wellbeing.ab,ti.
89 Mental Health/
90 mental disorder.ab,ti.
91 "mental disorder*".ab,ti.
92 "mental illness*".ab,ti.
93 Depression/
94 Anxiety/ or Anxiety Disorders/
95 Sadness/
96 Emotions/
97 "mood disorder*".ab,ti.
98 Mood Disorders/
99 Loneliness/
100 Loneliness.ab,ti.
101 isolation.ab,ti.
102 isolated.ab,ti.
103 Self Concept/
104 self-esteem.ab,ti.
105 resilient.ab,ti.
106 resilience.ab,ti.
107 "social anxiety".ab,ti.
108 FOMO.ab,ti.
109 "Fear of Missing Out".ab,ti.
110 "Vulnerabl*".ab,ti.
111 Stress.ab,ti.
112 Fatigue.ab,ti.
113 Tiredness.ab,ti.
114 Fatigue/
115 Suicide/
116 suicide.ab,ti.
117 Suicidal ideation.ab,ti.
118 self-harm.ab,ti.
119 Self-Injurious Behavior/
120 "Quality of Life"/
121 87 or 88 or 89 or 90 or 91 or 92 or 93 or 94 or 95 or 96 or 97 or 98 or 99 or 100 or 101 or 102 or 103 or 104 or 105 or 106 or 107 or 108 or 109 or 110 or 111 or 112 or 113 or 114 or 115 or 116 or 117 or 118 or 119 or 120
122 86 and 121
123 limit 86 to yr="2007-2019"

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