Scottish Vacant and Derelict Land Survey 2015
2 Main Points
2 Main Points
- There has been a large upward revision to the total amount of derelict land reported for 2014, from 8,509 to 10,753 hectares. This increase was mainly due to the addition of 2,217 hectares of land that became derelict in East Ayrshire due to the liquidation of Scottish Coal and ATH Resources causing several surface coal mines to fall out of use.
- The total amount of derelict and urban vacant land in Scotland decreased by 458 hectares or 3.5 per cent, from 13,132 hectares in 2014 to 12,674 hectares in 2015.
- The decrease of 458 hectares is explained by 356 hectares that were brought back into use and 317 hectares that were naturalised or removed for definitional reasons, 217 hectares of which is accounted for by changes to the Westfield former opencast mining site near Kinglassie in Fife. This balances against 176 hectares of new derelict and vacant land reported by local authorities, along with a net increase of 39 hectares in the sizes of existing derelict and urban vacant land.
- Of the 12,674 hectares of derelict and urban vacant land recorded in the 2015 survey, 2,309 hectares (18%) were classified as urban vacant and 10,365 hectares (82%) were classified as derelict.
- Since 2009, there has been an increase of 1,145 hectares (10 per cent) in the total amount of derelict and urban vacant land recorded in the survey, from 11,530 hectares in 2009 to 12,674 hectares in 2015. This increase is mainly due to the addition of 2,217 hectares of former surface coal mines that became derelict in East Ayrshire in 2014. Excluding derelict mineral sites there has been a decrease of 643 hectares (7%) in the total amount of derelict and urban vacant land since 2009.
- The local authority with the highest amount of recorded derelict and urban vacant land is East Ayrshire, containing 2,536 hectares (20% of the Scotland total). Highland has the second highest amount with 1,342 hectares (11%), North Ayrshire is third with 1,333 hectares (11%), followed by North Lanarkshire with 1,266 hectares (10%).
- 29.7% of Scotland's population are estimated to live within 500 metres of a derelict site in 2015, this compares with an estimate of 28.9% for the previous year.
- 58% of people living in the most deprived decile in Scotland are estimated to live within 500 metres of derelict land, compared to 11% of people in the least deprived decile.
- For those sites where the previous use is known, 38% of derelict land recorded in 2015 had been previously used for mineral activity (3,768 hectares), 19% for defence (1,941 hectares), and a further 18% for manufacturing (1,835 hectares). The most common previous use for urban vacant land, where previous use is known, was agriculture (19%, or 382 hectares) and the second most common previous use was residential development (18%, or 355 hectares).
- 3,250 hectares (28%) of derelict and urban vacant land in 2015 was reported to be developable in the short term, with an expectation of development within five years. A total of 3,053 hectares (26%) of derelict and urban vacant land is seen by local authorities as being uneconomic to develop and/or is viewed as suitable to reclaim for a 'soft' end use ( i.e. non-built use).
- The most common new use for derelict land was residential, with 43% (88 hectares) of the derelict land that was brought back into use since the previous survey reclaimed for this purpose. The second most common new use was for mineral activity, accounting for 31% (63 hectares). For urban vacant land the most common new use was residential, with 45% (67 hectares) of the land reclaimed for this purpose.
- Of the 176 hectares of new derelict and urban vacant land reported by local authorities, the most common previous land uses were manufacturing (61 hectares), community and health (24 hectares), education (18 hectares), utility services (16 hectares), mineral activity (14 hectares) and housing (10 hectares).
- Of the 356 hectares of land reused in 2015, a total of 66 hectares involved some form of public funding, either a full or partial contribution.
- Since its inception in 2005/06, the Scottish Government's Vacant and Derelict Land Fund has contributed (either fully or partially) to the reuse of 332 hectares (in total) of previously vacant and derelict land across Dundee City, Glasgow City, Highland, North Lanarkshire and South Lanarkshire.