# Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Volume 5 Number 12: Strategic assessment of collision risk of Scottish offshore wind farms to migrating birds

Report to inform large scale indicative strategic assessments on the impact of offshore wind energy developments on birds.

### Appendix 1. Annual collision mortality estimates

**
Figure 48 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for Arctic skua on passage through Scottish offshore wind
farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight distributions
across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far; blue /pink /
green bars respectively), using the three collision risk models
(options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence intervals shown
for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 49 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for Arctic tern on passage through Scottish offshore wind
farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight distributions
across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far; blue /pink /
green bars respectively), using the three collision risk models
(options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence intervals shown
for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 50 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for little tern on passage through Scottish offshore wind
farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight distributions
across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far; blue /pink /
green bars respectively), using the three collision risk models
(options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence intervals shown
for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 51 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for black-headed gull on passage through Scottish
offshore wind farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight
distributions across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far;
blue /pink / green bars respectively), using the three collision
risk models (options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence
intervals shown for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 52 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for black-throated diver on passage through Scottish
offshore wind farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight
distributions across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far;
blue /pink / green bars respectively), using the three collision
risk models (options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence
intervals shown for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 53 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for cormorant on passage through Scottish offshore wind
farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight distributions
across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far; blue /pink /
green bars respectively), using the three collision risk models
(options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence intervals shown
for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 54 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for common gull on passage through Scottish offshore wind
farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight distributions
across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far; blue /pink /
green bars respectively), using the three collision risk models
(options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence intervals shown
for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 55 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for common tern on passage through Scottish offshore wind
farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight distributions
across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far; blue /pink /
green bars respectively), using the three collision risk models
(options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence intervals shown
for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 56 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for fulmar on passage through Scottish offshore wind
farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight distributions
across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far; blue /pink /
green bars respectively), using the three collision risk models
(options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence intervals shown
for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 57 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for great black-backed gull on passage through Scottish
offshore wind farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight
distributions across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far;
blue /pink / green bars respectively), using the three collision
risk models (options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence
intervals shown for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 58 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for guillemot on passage through Scottish offshore wind
farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight distributions
across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far; blue /pink /
green bars respectively), using the three collision risk models
(options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence intervals shown
for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 59 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for gannet on passage through Scottish offshore wind
farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight distributions
across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far; blue /pink /
green bars respectively), using the three collision risk models
(options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence intervals shown
for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 60 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for herring gull on passage through Scottish offshore
wind farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight
distributions across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far;
blue /pink / green bars respectively), using the three collision
risk models (options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence
intervals shown for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 61 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for kittiwake on passage through Scottish offshore wind
farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight distributions
across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far; blue /pink /
green bars respectively), using the three collision risk models
(options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence intervals shown
for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 62 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for lesser black-backed gull on passage through Scottish
offshore wind farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight
distributions across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far;
blue /pink / green bars respectively), using the three collision
risk models (options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence
intervals shown for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 63 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for little gull on passage through Scottish offshore wind
farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight distributions
across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far; blue /pink /
green bars respectively), using the three collision risk models
(options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence intervals shown
for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 64 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for great northern diver on passage through Scottish
offshore wind farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight
distributions across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far;
blue /pink / green bars respectively), using the three collision
risk models (options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence
intervals shown for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 65 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for great skua on passage through Scottish offshore wind
farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight distributions
across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far; blue /pink /
green bars respectively), using the three collision risk models
(options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence intervals shown
for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 66 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for long-tailed skua on passage through Scottish offshore
wind farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight
distributions across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far;
blue /pink / green bars respectively), using the three collision
risk models (options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence
intervals shown for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 67 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for Pomarine skua on passage through Scottish offshore
wind farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight
distributions across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far;
blue /pink / green bars respectively), using the three collision
risk models (options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence
intervals shown for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 68 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for puffin on passage through Scottish offshore wind
farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight distributions
across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far; blue /pink /
green bars respectively), using the three collision risk models
(options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence intervals shown
for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 69 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for razorbill on passage through Scottish offshore wind
farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight distributions
across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far; blue /pink /
green bars respectively), using the three collision risk models
(options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence intervals shown
for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 70 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for red-throated diver on passage through Scottish
offshore wind farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight
distributions across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far;
blue /pink / green bars respectively), using the three collision
risk models (options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence
intervals shown for
CRM options 2 and
3**

.

**
Figure 71 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for shag on passage through Scottish offshore wind farms,
using uniform and negative binomial flight distributions across the
three coastal strips (near / mid / far; blue /pink / green bars
respectively), using the three collision risk models (options 1 /2
/ 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence intervals shown for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 72 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for Sandwich tern on passage through Scottish offshore
wind farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight
distributions across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far;
blue /pink / green bars respectively), using the three collision
risk models (options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence
intervals shown for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 73 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for Leach's petrel on passage through Scottish offshore
wind farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight
distributions across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far;
blue /pink / green bars respectively), using the three collision
risk models (options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence
intervals shown for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

**
Figure 74 - Annual collision mortality
estimates for storm petrel on passage through Scottish offshore
wind farms, using uniform and negative binomial flight
distributions across the three coastal strips (near / mid / far;
blue /pink / green bars respectively), using the three collision
risk models (options 1 /2 / 3). Upper and lower 95% confidence
intervals shown for
CRM options 2 and
3.**

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