Scotland's National Marine Plan

This Plan covers the management of both Scottish inshore waters (out to 12 nautical miles) and offshore

waters (12 to 200 nautical miles). It also applies to the exercise of both reserved and

devolved functions.


1. Marine (Scotland) Act 2010.

2. Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009.

3. UK Marine Policy Statement.

4. NMP - Statement of Public Participation. Scottish Government.

5. Scotland's Marine Atlas: Information for the National Marine Plan. Marine Scotland. 2011. Scotland's Marine Atlas: Information for the National Marine Plan.

6. National Marine Plan interactive.

7. Sustainability Appraisal Report. 2013.

and Partial Business and Regulatory Impact Assessment. 2013.

8. Draft Habitats Regulation Assessment was included in Draft Assessment of Sustainability

9. Empowering Scotland's Island Communities. Page 41.

10. Duties referred to in this paragraph will not affect consents and decisions relating to reserved functions until a direction is made under the Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 (Consequential Provisions) Order 2010.

11. Draft Planning Circular. The Relationship between the statutory land use planning system and marine planning and licensing.

12. The term 'terrestrial planning' is used throughout this Plan to refer to all elements of the land use planning system and therefore encompasses the National Planning Framework, local development plans, land use plans, and is synonymous with terms such as 'town planning', 'town and country planning', 'land use planning' and 'urban and regional planning'.

13. The Government Economic Strategy. The Scottish Government 2011.

14. Scottish Planning Policy. The Scottish Government. 2014.

15. National Planning Framework 3. The Scottish Government. 2014.

16. See footnote 11.

17. An ecosystem-based approach to the management of human activities means an approach which ensures the collective pressure of human activities is kept within the levels compatible with the achievement of good environmental status; that does not compromise the capacity of marine ecosystems to respond to human induced changes; and that enables the sustainable use of marine goods and services. UK Marine Policy Statement. 2011.

18. See Chapter 4 GEN 21 for more detail.

19. An ecosystem is a set of interactions between living and non-living components in a spatial area. Its interactions determine the type of processes that take place within it. Ecosystems vary widely in spatial scale.

20. UK National Ecosystem Assessment (2014) The UK National Ecosystem Assessment: Synthesis of the Key Findings.

21. Marine Strategy Framework Directive. Annex 1.

22. UK Marine Policy Statement. Chapter 2.

23. This is a historical legacy affecting sediments. Scottish Water, are also working with SEPA and Local Authorities to understand which further improvements are required.

24. Figures here present 2012 data in place of Atlas data. Source to be added for final publication.

25. See footnote 13.

26. Scottish Climate Change Adaptation Programme. Scottish Government.

27. Information on statutory heritage designations is available from:
Historic Scotland will be merged with Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historic Monuments of Scotland ( RCAHMS) to become Historic Environment Scotland in 2015.

28. Information about undesignated marine heritage assets is available on NMPi

29. Guidance on setting is available at:

30. Guidance on determining national importance of marine historic assets under the Marine Scotland Act 2010 is available from

31. RCAHMS will be merged with Historic Scotland to become Historic Environment Scotland in 2015.

32. Seascape should be taken as meaning 'landscapes with views of the coast or seas, and the adjacent marine environment with cultural, historical and archaeological links with each other'. UK Marine Policy Statement. (paragraph

33. Scottish Natural Heritage.

34. Scottish Natural Heritage.

35. Scottish Planning Policy - paragraph 200 and 215. Scottish Government. 2014.

36. Scottish National Heritage. Landscape and Aquaculture; Visual Representation for Wind Farms and
Offshore Renewables - guidance on assessing the impact on coastal landscape and seascape.

37. National flood risk assessment. SEPA.

38. Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 Section (1), Section (3).

39. A Strategy for Marine Nature Conservation in Scotland's Seas. Scottish Government.

40. UK Contribution to Ecologically Coherent MPA Network in the North East Atlantic Joint Administrations Statement

41. NMPi - protected sites.

42. The type of 'Imperative Reason of Overriding Public Interest ( IROPI) that a competent authority can consider will depend on the nature of the site that will be affected. See paragraph 14-19 of 'Habitats Directive: guidance on the application of article 6(4)'

43. Marine Protected Areas.

44. Marine Protected Areas in Scotland's Seas: Guidelines on the selection of MPAs and development of the MPA network.

45. Nature Conservation Marine Protected Areas Draft Management Handbook.

46. Scottish Planning Policy. 2014.

47. Animals listed in Annex IV (a) of the Habitats Directive (Council Directive 92/43/ EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora).

48. Scotland's Guidance on Protection of Marine European Protected Species from Injury and Disturbance. Guidance for Scottish Inshore Waters.

49. Designated seal haul-out sites and Guidance on Harassment at Seal Haul Out Sites.

NMPi Seal Haulout Sites.

50. Priority Marine Features.

51. Marine Biosecurity Planning; Guidance for Producing Site and Operation-based Plans for preventing the introduction of non-native species. Scottish Natural Heritage. 2014.

52. Code of Practice on Non-Native Species for Scotland . Scottish Government. 2012.

53. A Litter Strategy for Scotland. Scottish Government. 2014.

54. Offshore Industry Advice. JNCC.

55. EU directive on Environmental Noise [ EU 2002/49/ EC] that deals with noise impacts on people is currently under review

56. Noise Monitoring. Scottish Government.

57. See footnote 11.

58. Scottish Marine Science Strategy 2010-2015

59. Cumulative impacts are those that result from incremental changes caused by other past, present or reasonably foreseeable actions together with the project. Guidelines for the Assessment of Indirect and Cumulative Impacts as well as Impact Interactions. European Commission. 1999.

60. (For example through the regionalised fisheries management groups now established under the EU's Common Fisheries Policy)

61. Inshore Fisheries Groups.

62. The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea

63. Up-to-date information on the current state of fish stocks can be found at:

64. Best Practice Guidance for Offshore Renewables Developments: Recommendations for Fisheries Liaison. FLOWW. 2014.

65. Spillover effects from temperate marine protected areas. Murawski, S. A., Rago, P., and Fogarty, M. 2004. American Fisheries Society Symposium, 42: 167-184

66. By 2019 commercial fishing vessels must land any quota species of any size that they catch.

67. Fishing Management Areas information can be found on NMPi

68. Real Time Closures: commercial impact zones. Scottish Government. This provides current information on real time closures.

69. See Scottish Planning Policy (paragraphs 249-253).

70. See footnote 11.

71. An Assessment of the Benefits to Scotland of Aquaculture. Imani and SRSL, 2014

72. See footnote 71.

73. A study of the prospects and opportunities for shellfish farming in Scotland. Scott, McLeod, Young, Brown, Immink, Bostock. 2010.

74. Consultation paper on policy options for seaweed cultivation in Scotland

75. Code of good practice for Scottish Finfish Aquaculture.

76. Aquaculture & Fisheries (Scotland) Act 2013 Part 1 - Aquaculture

77. Scottish Aquaculture Innovation Centre

78. Scotland's Marine Atlas: Information for the National Marine Plan. Marine Scotland. 2011.

79. Locational Guidelines for the Authorisation of Marine Fish Farms in Scottish Waters. Scottish Government. 2010. Definition of Categories 1, 2 and 3.

80. Wellboat Controls.

81. Seal Licensing. Marine Scotland.

82. Assessment of Evidence that Fish Farming Impacts Tourism. SARF. 2009.

83. See footnote 71.

84. The Water Environment (Shellfish Water Protected Areas: Designation) (Scotland) Order 2013


85. The siting and design of aquaculture in the landscape: visual and landscape considerations. Scottish Natural Heritage.

86. Disease Management Areas. Scottish Government.


87. Designated seal haul-out sites and Guidance on Harassment at Seal Haul Out Sites.

NMPi Seal Haulout Sites.

88. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture pages 49, 57, 58, 64

89. See footnote 77.

90. This should not necessarily be taken to mean in the offshore zone - i.e. outside 12 nautical miles. In most cases this would involve inshore activity still operating within 3 nautical miles although there may be scope for other examples

91. UK Biodiversity Action Plan Species. JNCC.

92. Salmon and sea trout statistics are available on the Scottish Government website at:

93. Wild Fisheries Review.

94. Offshore Directive - The safety of offshore oil and gas operations. Health and Safety Executive.

95. PILOT.

96. UKCS Maximising Recovery Review Final Report.

97. Oil and Gas Strategy 2012-2020. Scottish Enterprise.

98. Economic Report. Oil and Gas UK. 2013.

99. Supporting Economic Recovery: 10 Energy Pledges. The Scottish Government.

100. Economic Report. Oil and Gas UK. 2012. Page 14, Figure 12.

101. See footnote 98.

102. A Guide to Offshore Wind and Oil and Gas Capability. Scottish Enterprise. 2011.

103. Oil and Gas UK. Knowledge centre - Fisheries.

104. Civil Aviation Authority Policy and Guidance on Wind Turbines. CAP 764. Civil Aviation Authority 2013.

105. The National Contingency Plan. A Strategic Overview for Responses to marine Pollution from Shipping and Offshore Installations. UK Government. 2014

106. See footnote 96.

107. Economic Report. Oil and Gas UK. 2013. p19.

108. SiteChar.

109. CO 2 Multistore.

110. National Planning Framework 3. Scottish Government. Paragraphs 3.19 and 3.20.

111. Opportunities for CO2 Storage around Scotland - an integrated strategic research study. Scottish Centre for carbon Storage and The Scottish Government. 2009.

112. The first commercial scale CCS project (Boundary Dam Project in Saskatchewan Canada) officially started operating on 20th June 2014. The project will offset project costs from revenue gathered from the sale of CO 2 for use in Enhanced Oil Recovery ( EOR) and also the sale of sulphur dioxide SO2 for the production of sulphuric acid for industrial purposes.

113. Directive 2009/31/ EC on the geological storage of carbon dioxide sets out a framework for addressing environmental risk.

114. Reference to Sectoral Marine Plans will be added once published.

115. UK Wave and Tidal Key Resource Areas Project. The Crown Estate. 2012.

116. See footnote 64.

117. See footnote 114.

118. General Policy 9: Living within Environmental Limits - Natura 2000 Sites. Para 4.43 - 4.46 is relevant here.

119. Consultation: Draft Good Practice Principles For Community Benefits From Offshore Renewables. 2014. Final version expected 2015.

120. North Sea Countries Offshore Grid Initiative. 2012.

121. Routemap for Renewable Energy in Scotland. Scottish Government. 2011.

122. Electricity Generation Policy Statement. Scottish Government.

123. Scottish Marine Wildlife Watching Code.

124. Scottish Outdoor Access Code. SNH. 2005.

125. Derived from Land Use Consultants (2007) A Review of Marine and Coastal Recreation. SNH Commissioned Report No.247 ( ROAME No. F05AA608), page 11 and stakeholder comments from Draft NMP consultation.

126. See footnote 124.

127. Sailing Tourism in Scotland' by Tourism Resources Company for Scottish Enterprise, 2010.

128. Examples of marine sporting events held in Scotland include: the Tiree Wave Classic windsurfing event, Open surfing events, the Tall Ships' visit in 2011 and participation in the Clipper Race.

129. Sectoral Interactions in the Firth of Clyde. Scottish Sustainable Marine Environment Initiative Clyde Pilot (2008).

130. VisitScotland Survey identifies scenery and landscapes as amongst the reasons to visit Scotland in 55% of visitors surveyed (both urban and marine sightseeing). Scotland Visitor Survey: National results. 2011-2012. Visit Scotland.[Read-Only].pdf

131. An example of good practice includes the Loch Creran Marine Special Area of Conservation Private and Commercial Moorings Pack. Scottish Government. 2011. (Also see footnote 136)

132. See footnote 51.

133. Code of Practice on Non-Native Species. Scottish Government. 2012

134. The Great Glen Canoe Trail.

135. Scottish Ferry Services: Ferry Plan. 2013 - 2022.

136. The Economic Impacts of the UK's Maritime Services sector in Scotland Oxford Economics 2013.

137. Scottish Transport Statistics. Transport Statistics. Chapter 9 Water Transport. 2013.
Scottish major ports are defined in the Transport Statistics. The 2013 Transport Statistics identified the Scottish Major Ports as Aberdeen, Cairnryan, Clyde, Cromarty Firth, Dundee, Forth, Glensanda, Orkney, Peterhead, Stranraer, Sullum Voe (operations at Stranraer have moved to Loch Ryan).

138. See footnote 136.

139. Existing control and best practice relating to moorings and anchorages include, but are not restricted to:

140. Marine Environment High Risk Areas provide a relevant example of environmentally sensitive areas. These are aids to mariners and are essentially an aid to passage planning.

141. Transport Scotland. Freight Grants

142. Scotland's Marine Atlas: Information for the National Marine Plan. 2011. Chapter 5

143. Scotland's Digital Future: A Strategy for Scotland. Scottish Government. 2011.

144. Kingfisher Information Service - Offshore Renewable & Cable Awareness

145. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Military Activity. MESAT.

146. The protection of Marine European Protected Species from injury and disturbance: Guidance for Scottish Inshore Waters. Scottish Government. 2014

147. The Business Plan 2012 - 2015. The Ministry of Defence. 2012.

148. Fishing Vessels Operating in Submarine Exercise Areas. Marine Guidance Note MGN 12 (F). Marine Safety Agency.

149. Fishing vessel avoidance: The UK Code of Practice. SMP 95 Change 5. Ministry of Defence.

150. Scottish Coast Sand and Gravel Resources Report. The Crown Estate. 2013.

151. See footnote 150.


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