Scotland’s Equality Evidence Strategy 2023-2025

This strategy sets out our approach to improving and strengthening Scotland’s equality evidence base over a three year period to the end of 2025.


1. The definition of intersectionality is discussed in the glossary of key terms used in this strategy.

2. The characteristics covered in this strategy are: sex, gender, age, disability, race (including ethnicity), gender reassignment (including trans status), sexual orientation, religion or belief, pregnancy and maternity, marriage and civil partnership.

3. Crenshaw, Kimberlé Williams (1989) "Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics." University of Chicago Legal Forum 1989:139–67, p. 149

4. Marriage and civil partnership are not a relevant protected characteristic for the purposes of limbs 2 and 3 of the PSED.

5. EHRC guidance on the public sector equality duty and data protection

6. SSCQ is a result of a harmonised design across the three major Scottish Government household surveys: The Scottish Household Survey; The Scottish Health Survey and The Scottish Crime and Justice Survey.

7. Social Security Charter measurement framework: co-design process - (

8. For each dataset, analysts selected from a dropdown list to indicate whether data on each protected characteristic are (a) collected and (b) published. Definitions of each RAG rating are as follows:

red - collected: no data collected on this protected characteristic; published: no published breakdowns for this protected characteristic

amber - collected: data collected but not robust enough to produce reliable statistics for this protected characteristic (e.g. due to small sample size); published: breakdowns for this protected characteristic are not proactively published but are available on request

green- collected: data collected that are robust enough to produce reliable statistics for this protected characteristic; published: breakdowns for this protected characteristic are proactively published (e.g. when new data become available or according to a publication schedule)

9. Sex or gender; age; race or ethnicity; disability; sexual orientation; gender reassignment or trans status; pregnancy and maternity; marriage and civil partnership; religion or belief.

10. Report on using intersectionality to understand structural inequality in Scotland



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