Dairy Farmer-led Group: climate change evidence

A summary of existing evidence around the dairy sector, including greenhouse gas emissions produced by Rural and Environment Science and Analytical Services (RESAS) division.


1. Some cattle associated with the industry and milk production are classed as non-dairy cattle in the GHG inventory. Further work is needed to clarify and allocate these emissions, which are likely to be in the region of 0.25 – 0.37 MtCO2e.

2. Source: the Economic Report on Scottish Agriculture for 2019, and DEFRA's Agriculture in the United Kingdom 2019

3. Female dairy cattle aged 2+ years, with offspring

4. Farms with Standard Labour Requirements (SLR) more than 0.5. Standard Labour Requirements represent the approximate average labour requirement for a livestock or crop enterprise. The annual hours of a full-time worker is 1,900 hours.

5. The % equivalent of the value of the commodity in question

6. https://www.climateassembly.uk/report/read/final-report-exec-summary.pdf

7. Sixth Carbon Budget - Climate Change Committee (theccc.org.uk)

8. The Climate Change Plan update incorporates some likely methodological changes not yet included in GHG inventory figures resulting in 7.7 MtCO2e in 2018 rather than 7.5.

9. MacLeod et al. 2018, SAEM

10. Survey of Agricultural Production Methods, 2016

11. The importance of biodiversity and wildlife on farmland | Business Wales (gov.wales)

12. Final Report - The Economics of Biodiversity: The Dasgupta Review - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

13. Dairy Sub Group Report Green Food Project (publishing.service.gov.uk)

14. James Hutton Institute. Briefing for RESAS.

15. https://www.eca.europa.eu/Lists/ECADocuments/SR20_13/SR_Biodiversity_on_farmland_EN.pdf

16. Does plantation forestry restore biodiversity or create green deserts? - Bremer, L., Farley, K.

17. "Natural capital is the part of nature which directly or indirectly underpins value to people including ecosystems, species, freshwater, soils, minerals, the air and oceans, as well as natural processes and functions. … In combination with other types of capital, natural capital forms part of our wealth; that is, our ability to produce actual or potential goods and services into the future to support our wellbeing." Natural Capital Terminology (publishing.service.gov.uk)

18. Scotland's Natural Capital Asset Index - 2019 Update summary.pdf (nature.scot)

19. https://www.nature.scot/official-statistics-terrestrial-breeding-birds-1994-2019

20. (PDF) The effects of cattle on the natural heritage of Scotland : Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 203 (ROAME No. F04AA103) (researchgate.net)

21. British Plant Communities, Volume 3: Grasslands & Montane Communities | NHBS Academic & Professional Books

22. Dairy Sub Group Report Green Food Project (publishing.service.gov.uk)

23. Piloting an Outcomes Based Approach in Scotland (POBAS) project | NatureScot

24. The Bride Project: Biodiversity Regeneration in a Dairying Environment

25. In this SRUC report growth is assessed as a combination of different efficiency metrics. Whilst analogous to TFP they cannot be compared directly with the earlier TFP figures.


Email: are.futureruralframework@gov.scot

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