Publication - Research and analysis

Relative poverty across Scottish Local Authorities

Published: 26 Aug 2010
ISBN:
9780755995103

A report which presents new figures about the proportion of households in relative poverty at LA level across Scotland.

Relative poverty across Scottish Local Authorities
Local authority income and poverty tables

Local authority income and poverty tables

This section presents the new SHS estimates for the proportion of households in relative poverty and median income estimates for LAs across Scotland.

The following table presents estimates of median and mean household income for Scottish local authorities. Figures are presented for equivalised and unequivalised income. Equivalisation is an adjustment made to household incomes which takes account of family size so that meaningful comparisons can be made between households of different sizes. For more detail see box 2 below.

Table 2 - Mean, median and quartiles for annual net household income by local authority: 2007-08

Net household income before housing costs

Net equivalised household income before housing costs

Q1

Median

Q3

Mean

Q1

Median

Q3

Mean

Aberdeen City

13,900

23,100

38,000

28,700

16,000

23,800

33,900

27,800

Aberdeenshire

15,000

28,600

43,600

32,400

16,200

25,600

36,100

28,600

Angus

11,800

20,200

32,600

23,800

13,800

20,100

28,900

22,300

Argyll & Bute

11,900

20,000

32,200

24,100

14,200

20,200

29,800

23,200

Clackmannanshire

13,200

21,200

35,800

26,400

14,100

22,500

30,900

24,300

Dumfries & Galloway

11,400

19,500

30,000

22,500

13,300

19,400

26,900

21,200

Dundee City

10,800

17,200

26,600

21,300

13,200

18,900

25,500

20,900

East Ayrshire

13,100

20,800

33,400

25,700

13,900

20,600

28,600

23,700

East Dunbartonshire

14,500

25,700

41,500

31,400

15,300

25,000

34,900

27,800

East Lothian

13,000

22,400

33,800

26,700

15,100

21,400

30,500

25,000

East Renfrewshire

14,100

26,400

43,700

32,000

16,300

23,600

34,100

28,200

Edinburgh, City of

12,400

21,900

34,700

26,300

14,900

22,900

32,300

25,900

Eilean Siar

10,700

19,300

34,400

24,200

12,300

19,200

27,900

21,600

Falkirk

12,200

21,600

33,600

25,000

15,100

21,600

30,000

23,900

Fife

11,900

20,300

33,300

24,400

13,800

20,300

29,300

23,100

Glasgow City

11,000

17,800

29,500

22,200

13,100

19,000

27,800

22,100

Highland

13,300

22,900

34,600

26,000

14,700

22,300

30,900

24,200

Inverclyde

11,900

20,000

32,700

23,500

13,600

19,900

29,700

21,900

Midlothian

13,900

23,200

34,800

27,000

14,600

21,100

28,800

24,400

Moray

11,900

22,800

33,900

25,700

13,900

21,100

31,000

24,000

North Ayrshire

11,700

20,000

31,400

23,800

13,700

19,400

27,800

22,200

North Lanarkshire

12,400

21,000

34,100

25,500

13,700

20,500

29,700

23,400

Orkney Islands

12,200

21,500

34,400

26,000

13,500

21,900

29,500

23,900

Perth & Kinross

13,600

24,100

37,700

28,200

15,800

22,800

32,600

26,100

Renfrewshire

12,200

22,100

34,200

25,500

15,200

22,000

30,100

23,700

Scottish Borders

12,100

21,500

33,300

25,000

14,800

21,200

30,400

23,800

Shetland Islands

13,600

23,400

35,300

33,500

15,500

22,500

31,900

33,700

South Ayrshire

11,300

20,300

33,800

24,700

13,400

20,700

29,200

23,100

South Lanarkshire

11,700

21,000

34,200

25,500

13,700

21,200

30,200

23,500

Stirling

13,100

22,100

35,000

28,100

14,200

21,900

31,500

25,700

West Dunbartonshire

12,000

19,100

31,100

24,600

14,300

19,400

27,000

22,600

West Lothian

12,600

22,800

36,000

26,100

14,800

21,900

30,300

23,600

SCOTLAND

12,200

21,200

34,100

25,600

14,200

21,300

30,300

24,100

Box 2 - What is equivalised income?

Equivalisation is a process which reduces the incomes of larger families and increases the incomes of single people with the intention of adjusting income for family size. This equivalised income allows the comparison of living standards between households that vary in size and composition. The adjustment reflects the fact that a family of several people requires a higher income than a single person in order for both households to enjoy a comparable standard of living.

The downside of the equivalisation process is that for most families their equivalised will be higher or lower than what they would naturally think of as their "income" and may be different, and not comparable, to income estimates from other sources. For this reason table 2 presents equivalised and unequivalised figures. Users may therefore choose the income measure which best meets their needs: If they are interested in income as a proxy measure for "standard of living" (as in the relative poverty figures) it will be equivalised income. If they are interested in something which requires comparison to unequivalised financial sources - such as prices information - it will be the unequivalised figures.

To find out more about equivalisation see the following report on the Scottish Government website: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Social-Welfare/IncomePoverty/equivalence-scales-paper.

Table 3 below presents estimates of the percentage of households in relative poverty in LAs across Scotland. The figures are presented using a four-year rolling average which reduces the amount of uncertainty around the estimates and produces more consistent time series. This does mean however that these figures are more useful for tracking long-term rather than short-term change. For any two consecutive points in the series three-quarters of the data used to calculate them are the same so it is difficult to infer much from these annual changes.

Table 3 - Percentage of households in relative poverty in Scottish local authorities: 2002 to 2008

Council

2002 to 2005

2003 to 2006

2004 to 2007

2005 to 2008

Estimated 95% CI +/- % points

Aberdeen City

14

15

14

15

1.8

Aberdeenshire

15

15

16

16

1.7

Angus

18

18

19

20

2.7

Argyll & Bute

21

20

19

20

2.8

Clackmannanshire

19

17

18

18

2.7

Dumfries & Galloway

17

19

20

22

2.3

Dundee City

26

25

24

24

2.6

East Ayrshire

20

19

19

18

2.7

East Dunbartonshire

14

15

15

16

2.6

East Lothian

16

19

20

20

2.8

East Renfrewshire

13

14

14

14

2.6

Edinburgh, City of

16

17

18

19

1.3

Eilean Siar;

23

23

22

25

3.1

Falkirk

17

19

20

20

2.4

Fife

19

20

20

21

1.5

Glasgow City

22

23

22

23

1.3

Highland

16

16

16

17

1.8

Inverclyde

23

22

24

21

3.1

Midlothian

15

16

16

16

2.7

Moray

20

20

21

21

2.8

North Ayrshire

22

23

22

23

2.7

North Lanarkshire

19

19

20

20

1.6

Orkney Islands

21

21

20

21

2.8

Perth & Kinross

14

16

15

16

2.3

Renfrewshire

19

20

18

17

2.2

Scottish Borders

17

17

17

18

2.5

Shetland Islands

20

18

15

15

2.6

South Ayrshire

18

20

21

22

2.8

South Lanarkshire

17

18

19

20

1.7

Stirling

15

17

18

18

2.6

West Dunbartonshire

18

20

19

20

3.0

West Lothian

18

16

16

16

2.2

SCOTLAND

18

19

19

19

0.4