5. Obligated businesses are those who place more than 50 tonnes of packaging and have a turnover of more than £2 million per year.
10. For a more detailed explanation of the Packaging Waste Regulations and its shortcomings, please refer to the UK IA.
11. House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee Report, December 2017 https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmselect/cmenvaud/339/339.pdf
12. For the purposes of this BRIA a precise definition of 'unnecessary packaging' is not adopted.
19. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (DAERA), the Welsh Government and the Scottish Government (30 July 2020). Circular Economy Package policy statement.
22. As above, for the purposes of this BRIA a precise definition of 'unnecessary packaging' is not adopted.
24. Packaging waste arising at public sector and commercial outlets, such as restaurants and offices.
25. OPRL is a business-led UK labelling scheme that has been operating for over 10 years. Over 550 brands across all sectors use the label on their packaging products. The OPRL is based on what technically can be recycled as well as what is collected for recycling through local recycling services. The threshold for the widely recycled label is 75% for UK local authorities offering a collection service.
26. OPRL https://www.oprl.org.uk/about-oprl; this is supported by surveys carried out by WRAP, which show that OPRL labels are generally better understood than other recycling symbols currently on packaging.
27. Our definition of fibre-based cups includes disposable cups for hot drinks (tea and coffee) and cold drinks (milkshakes)
28. The point of compliance and de minimis threshold for this element of the EPR reform has not been finalised. For the purposes of this analysis we have assumed that no de minimis is in place.