The Potential of Existing Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Surveys to Support the Commonwealth Games 2014 Legacy Evaluation

The review focusses on data sources not already in use in the evaluation (eg in the baseline report or on the Assessing Legacy website) that could shed insight into the extent to which Scotland’s games legacy ambitions are met over time, especially in the areas of sports participation; volunteering; cultural engagement and civic pride.



A sample in which the population is separated into groups, called clusters. Then, a simple random sample of clusters is selected from the population.

Cross-sectional Survey

A cross-sectional study is a research study that involves observation of all of a population, or a representative subset, at one specific point in time.


The datazone is the key small area statistical geography in Scotland. Datazones are groups of 2001 Census output areas and have, on average, populations of between 500 and 1,000 household residents.

Equalities groups

The term 'equalities groups' is used to refer to people or communities who face discrimination or social exclusion due to personal characteristics; particularly: age; disability; sex; race or ethnicity; language; faith, religion or belief; sexual orientation; gender identity; and pregnancy/maternity.

Longitudinal Survey

A longitudinal study is a research study that involves repeated observations of the same respondents over long periods of time - often many decades.

Postcode Address File

A list of addresses which can be purchased from the Royal Mail

Primary sampling unit

Primary Sampling Units are the first stage of sampling, usually clusters in clustered samples and individual units in unclustered samples.

Quota sample

A sampling method of gathering representative data from a group. As opposed to random sampling, quota sampling requires that representative individuals are chosen out of a specific subgroup.

Random sample

A sample in which every individual (or household) in the population has an equal chance of being selected

Response rate

Response rate refers to the number of people who answered the survey divided by the number of people in the sample. It is usually expressed in the form of a percentage.

Sample frame

A sampling frame is the source or device from which a sample is drawn. It is a list of all those within a population who can be sampled, and may include individuals, households or institutions.

Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation

The Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) identifies small area concentrations of multiple deprivations across all of Scotland in a consistent way. The SIMD ranks small areas (called datazones) from most deprived - ranked 1 - to least deprived

Spatial levels

Spatial levels refer to information based on geographic properties

Stratified sample

A sample in which the population is divided into subpopulations (strata) and random samples are taken of each stratum

Target population

The target population is the entire group of people the research is studying


Email: Niamh O'Connor

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