Publication - Statistics

Persistent Poverty in Scotland 2010-2018

Estimates of the proportion of people living in persistent poverty in Scotland between 2010 and 2018.

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17 page PDF

633.8 kB

Contents
Persistent Poverty in Scotland 2010-2018
Chapter 1: Persistent poverty in Scotland

17 page PDF

633.8 kB

Chapter 1: Persistent poverty in Scotland

Someone is in persistent poverty if they have been in poverty for three or more of the last four years. This measure is important because the longer someone is in poverty, the more it impacts on their health, well-being, and overall life chances.

Poverty estimates in this publication are derived by looking at household income before housing costs are paid for (BHC) and after housing costs are paid for (AHC). 

Chart 1: Proportion of people in persistent poverty in Scotland AHC by age group
Chart 2: Proportion of people in persistent poverty in Scotland BHC by age group

1.1 People in persistent poverty

Between 2014 and 2018, 13% of people in Scotland were in persistent poverty after housing costs, compared to 12% in the previous period. 

Before housing costs, 9% of all people in Scotland were in persistent poverty, unchanged from the previous period.

1.2 Children in persistent poverty

Persistent poverty rates were higher for children.

Children have consistently had the highest risk of living in persistent poverty after housing costs (17% in 2014-2018) when comparing with working-age adults (11%) and pensioners (12%). In the previous period, 15% of children were in persistent poverty after housing costs.

Before housing costs, 10% of children were in persistent poverty, unchanged compared to the previous period.

1.3 Working-age adults in persistent poverty

Between 2014 and 2018, 11% of working-age adults were in persistent poverty after housing costs, compared to 10% in the previous period.

Before housing costs, 8% of working-age adults were in persistent poverty, compared to 7% in the previous period.

1.4 Pensioners in persistent poverty

Between 2014 and 2018, 12% of pensioners were in persistent poverty after housing costs, compared to 11% in the previous period.

Before housing costs, the proportion of pensioners in persistent poverty was 13%, compared to 11% in the previous period.

For most groups of the population, the persistent poverty rate after housing costs is greater or the same than that before housing costs. Often, the opposite is true, or the rates are very similar, for pensioners. The majority of pensioners own their own home and so have lower housing costs. Examining pensioners’ incomes after deducting housing costs allows for more meaningful comparisons of income between working-age people and pensioners, and of the pensioner population over time.


Contact

Email: social-justice-analysis@gov.scot