2. Katrina F Brown et al (2018) The fraction of cancer attributable to modifiable risk factors in England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and the United Kingdom in 2015 https://www.nature.com/articles/s41416-018-0029-6.pdf
3. Hauner H (2010). Obesity and diabetes. in Holt RIG, Cockram CS, Flyvbjerg A et al (ed.) Textbook of diabetes. 4th edition.
4. Guh et al (2009) The incidence of co-morbidities related to obesity and overweight: A systematic review and meta-analysis https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-9-88
5. Scottish Government (2017), The Scottish Health Survey 2016, volume 1, main report. https://www.gov.scot/Resource/0052/00525472.pdf
6. A Castle (2015) Obesity in Scotland. SPICe Briefing, 15/01. 7 Jan 2015. http://www.parliament.scot/ResearchBriefingsAndFactsheets/S4/SB_15-01_Obesity_in_Scotland.pdf
7. Obesity- A Route Map towards a Healthy Weight Scotland Report of an Engagement Process, Hannah M, Connacher A, Tyrell L, Scottish Public Health Network, July 2010.
8. Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation. Chart presents most and least deprived SIMD quintiles.
9. The Scottish Health Survey Topic Report: Obesity, October 2011 (updated March 2012) http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2011/10/1138/0
10. Using the Scottish Index of Multiple Derivation (SIMD), this represents the 40-60% most deprived areas of Scotland.
11. Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation. Chart presents most and least deprived SIMD quintiles.
12. Based on information from the 2015 SHeS report (chapter 8) and 2011 SHeS Volume 2- children (chapter 5): See http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Health/scottish-health-survey/Publications
13. Due to the Scottish Diabetes Survey being published later this year, 2017 data are not available yet.
14. Between 2001 and 2006, the increase in numbers was partly due to improved recording. The increase observed since 2007 is more likely to reflect a real increase in numbers.
15. Due to changes to the reporting of the UK Living Costs and Food Survey, 2016 secondary analysis data are not yet available.
16. Due to changes to the reporting of the UK Living Costs and Food Survey, 2016 secondary analysis data are not yet available.
17. The Scottish Dietary Goal (SDG) has recently been updated (Scottish Government, 2016) and is now that no more than 5% of daily energy intake should be from free sugars. Data reported in previous years were based on recommended levels of 11%.
18. Note that physical activity guidelines changed in 2011. See chapter 6 (physical activity) in the 2012 Scottish Health Survey for more information: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2013/09/3684/10
19. Previous versions of this report included figures on child physical activity. In 2017, the measure of child physical activity changed. Therefore, it was agreed to report on child participation in sport instead, in order to include time series.
20. Such as a computer, games console or handheld gaming device.
21. Environmental Scan of Potential Policy Interventions to Tackle Obesogenic Aspects of the Built Environment, Mooney et al 2010
22. 'Regular soft drinks' includes juices/fruit drinks, carbonates, squash, and others (such as flavoured milk), but excludes chilled drinks, mineral water and all diet soft drinks.
23. Following feedback from industry, Kantar Worldpanel made a significant change to the data on one of the major brands of cola in 2017 which affected the relative sizes of diet and regular products. The trends were reworked back for 5 years to reflect this update.
Email: Xanthippi Gounari
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