National Care Standards: Housing Support Services

National Care Standards Housing Support Services Edition

Annex B Useful reference material


The Adults with Incapacity (Scotland) Act 2000

Under this Act anything that is done on behalf of an adult with incapacity will have to:

  • benefit her or him;
  • take account of the person's wishes and those of her or his nearest relative, carer, guardian or attorney; and
  • achieve the desired purpose without unduly limiting the person's freedom.

The Children (Scotland) Act 1995

The Act puts children first. Each child has the right to:

  • be treated as an individual;
  • form and express views on matters affecting her or him; and
  • be protected from all forms of abuse, neglect or exploitation.

Parents and local authorities have rights and responsibilities in achieving the balance of care.

The Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982 (Licensing of Houses in Multiple Occupation) Order 2000

This order requires that owners of properties let on a multiple occupancy basis must acquire a licence from the relevant local authority. The licence is only issued where the property meets the required standards and the landlord has necessary management policies in place.

The Data Protection Act 1998

The Act covers how information about living, identifiable people is used. All organisations that hold or process personal data must comply.

The Disability Discrimination Act 1995

This wide-ranging Act, which came into force in 1996, makes it illegal to discriminate against disabled people in employment, access to goods, services, transport and education.

The Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974

The Act is the basic piece of health and safety law that covers everyone who is affected by work activity. It places the burden of legal responsibility for health and safety at work with the employer.

The Housing (Scotland) Act 2001

Section 91 of this Act makes provision for local authorities to administer and purchase housing support services within certain limits which will be set out in regulation. These arrangements will come into operation in April 2003. Housing support services which include general counselling and support are aimed at helping people to stay in their own homes in the community. In some circumstances there may be an overlap between these services and services provided through care at home. Providers of housing support services will also be regulated under the Regulation of Care (Scotland) Act 2001.

The Human Rights Act 1998

The Act incorporates the European Convention on Human Rights into Scots and English law in relation to the acts of public bodies. Its purpose is to protect human rights and to maintain and promote the ideals and values of a democratic society. The Articles of Convention include:

  • freedom of thought, conscience and religion;
  • freedom of expression;
  • freedom of assembly and association;
  • the right to have respect for private and family life; and
  • the right to marry.

The Mental Health (Care and Treatment) (Scotland) Act 2003

This Acts sets out how a person can be treated if they have a mental illness and what their rights are.

The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971

The Act is the main law for drugs control in the UK. It prohibits the possession, supply and manufacture of medicinal and other products except where these have been made legal by the Misuse of DrugsRegulations 1985.

The legislation is concerned with controlled drugs and puts these into five separate schedules. Anyone who is responsible for storing or administering controlled drugs should be aware of the content of the Misuse of Drugs Regulations 1985 and the Misuse of Drugs (Safe Custody) Regulations 1973.

The Police Act 1997

Part V of the Police Act 1997 was implemented in April 2002. This provides for the Scottish Criminal Record Office to issue criminal record information certificates to individuals and organisations.

The Public Interest Disclosure Act 1998

The Act protects workers who 'blow the whistle' about wrongdoing. It mainly takes the form of amendments to the Employment Rights Act 1996, and makes provision about the kinds of disclosures which may be protected; the circumstances in which such disclosures are protected; and the persons who may be protected.

The Race Relations Act 1976

The Act makes racial discrimination illegal in employment, service delivery, training and other areas.

The Race Relations (Amendment) Act 2000

The Act makes racial discrimination illegal in public activities that were not previously covered. It puts a general duty on public organisations to promote race equality.

The Regulation of Care (Scotland) Act 2001

The Act establishes a new system of care service regulation including the registration and inspection of care services which takes account of national care standards. The Act also creates two new national, independent bodies, the Scottish Commission for the Regulation of Care, to regulate care services, and the Scottish Social Services Council, to regulate the social service workforce and to promote and regulate its education and training.

You can visit these websites for information:

The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974

The Act enables some criminal convictions to become 'spent' or ignored, after a rehabilitation period. The rehabilitation period is a set length of time from the date of conviction.

The Sex Discrimination Act 1975

The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 makes it unlawful to discriminate on grounds of sex or marital status in recruitment, promotion and training.

The Act also covers education, the provision of housing, goods and services and advertising.


Aiming for Excellence: Modernising Social Work Services in Scotland 1999

The White Paper sets out the proposals to strengthen the protection of children and vulnerable adults and to make sure high quality services are provided. The Scottish Commission for the Regulation of Care is an independent regulator set up for this purpose.

Our National Health 2000

The health plan aims to improve Scotland's health and close the health gap between rich and poor, restoring the NHS as a national service and improving care and standards.

Other useful reference material

Best Value in Housing Care and Support: Guidance and Good Practice, Department of Employment Transport and the Regions ( DETR), January 2001.

Low intensity support: preventing dependency, Joseph Rowntree Foundation ( JRF) Foundations 159, January 1999.

Low intensity support services: a systematic literature review, Deborah Quilgars, The Policy Press, 2000.

Evaluation of Anchor Housing Corporation initiative on community care and housing for older people - publication pending.

What price independence: Independent living and people with high support needs, Ann Kestenbaum, The Policy Press, 1999.

A life in the community: Home-Link - Supporting people with mental health problems in ordinary housing, Deborah Quilgars, The Policy Press, 1988.

That bit of help: The importance of 'low level' preventive services to older people, Heather Clark, Sue Dyer and Jo Horwood, The Policy Press, 1988.

Blurring the boundaries: A fresh look at housing and care provision for older people, Christine Oldman, Pavilion Publishing, 2000.

An ordinary home: housing and support for people with learning disabilities, Maurice Harker and Nigel King, IDEA Publications, 1999.

Living Support Networks - the services provided by Keyring, Ken Simons, Pavilion Publishing 1998.

The Open House Programme for people sleeping rough: an evaluation, Nicholas Pleace, Centre for Housing Policy, 1998.

Supporting people with acquired brain injury in their own homes, Gail Cunningham, Moira Wilson and Sarah Whitely, The Policy Press, 1998.

Supported accommodation for ex-offenders: Identifying effective practice, Dr Gill McIvor and Mary Taylor, Department of Applied Social Science, University of Stirling, 1995.

Between ambition and achievement: Young black disabled people's views and experiences of independence and independent living, Tracey Bignall and Jabeer Butt, The Policy Press, 2000.

Living independently with support, Ann Douglas, Charlotte MacDonald and Mary Taylor, The Policy Press, 1998.

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